Jabatan Hal Ehwal Veteran Amerika Syarikat

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Jabatan Hal Ehwal Veteran Amerika Syarikat
United States Department of Veterans Affairs
Seal of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.svg
Cap mohor
Flag of the United States Department of Veterans Affairs.svg
Bendera
Department of Veteran Affairs DCJPG.jpg
Ibu pejabat di Washington, D.C.
Gambaran keseluruhan
Dibentuk21 Julai 1930; 89 tahun yang lalu (1930-07-21)
(Pangkat kabinet 15 Mac 1989 (1989-03-15))
Agensi terdahulu
  • Pentadbiran Veteran
Di bawah bidang kuasaKerajaan persekutuan Amerika Syarikat
Ibu pejabatVeteran Affairs Building
810 Vermont Avenue NW
Washington, D.C., A.S.
38°54′3.25″N 77°2′5.36″W / 38.9009028°N 77.0348222°W / 38.9009028; -77.0348222Koordinat: 38°54′3.25″N 77°2′5.36″W / 38.9009028°N 77.0348222°W / 38.9009028; -77.0348222
Moto"To care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow, and his orphan."
Kakitangan377,805 (2016)
Belanjawan tahunan$180 bilion (FY2017)
Eksekutif agensi
  • Robert Wilkie, Setiausaha
  • James Byrne, Pemangku Timbalan Setiausaha
Tapak webwww.VA.gov

Jabatan Hal Ehwal Veteran Amerika Syarikat (VA) ialah agensi peringkat Kabinet persekutuan yang menyediakan perkhidmatan penjagaan kesihatan yang komprehensif kepada veteran ketenteraan yang layak di pusat perubatan VA dan klinik pesakit luar yang terletak di seluruh negara; beberapa faedah bukan penjagaan kesihatan termasuk pampasan kecacatan, pemulihan vokasional, bantuan pendidikan, pinjaman rumah, dan insurans hayat; dan memberikan manfaat pengebumian dan memorial kepada veteran yang layak dan ahli keluarga di 135 tanah perkuburan negara.

Manakala manfaat veteran telah diberikan sejak Perang Revolusi Amerika, sebuah agensi persekutuan yang ditujukan secara eksklusif kepada veteran, Pentadbiran Veteran, tidak ditubuhkan sehingga tahun 1930, dan menjadi Jabatan Hal Ehwal Veteran peringkat kabinet pada tahun 1989.

VA mempekerjakan 377,805 orang[1] di beratus-ratus kemudahan perubatan, klinik, pejabat faedah, dan tanah perkuburan. Dalam Tahun Fiskal 2016 (1 Okt 2015 - 30 Sep 2016), kos program bersih bagi jabatan ialah $ 273 bilion, yang termasuk Kos Aktuari VBA sebanyak $ 106.5 bilion untuk faedah pampasan.[2][3] Liabiliti terakru aktuari jangka panjang (jumlah anggaran bayaran masa depan untuk veteran dan ahli keluarga mereka) adalah $ 2.491 trilion untuk faedah pampasan; $ 59.6 bilion untuk manfaat pendidikan; dan $ 4.6 bilion untuk faedah pengebumian.[4]

Agensi ini diketuai oleh Setiausaha Hal Ehwal Veteran, yang menjadi anggota kabinet—dilantik oleh Presiden dengan nasihat dan persetujuan Senat.[5][6]

Pada bulan Mei 2014, ia telah diturunkan bahawa para veteran meninggal dunia semasa menunggu temu janji mereka semasa penangguhan yang lebih panjang dalam menjaga Penjagaan Pentadbiran Kesihatan Veteran. Siasatan mendapati kakitangan VA memalsukan penjadualan data untuk menjadikannya kelihatan seolah-olah mereka telah memenuhi sasaran penjadualan.

Nota dan rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "FedScope - Federal Human Resources Data" (IBM Cognos PowerPlay Studio). Office of Personnel Management (data cube). March 2017. Cube path: storeID("iADB7BB71D42D4272B4C2DAB1A37A986F") - Data source connection: Employment - March 2017. Dicapai 13 Jun 2017. 
  2. ^ "2016 VA Agency Financial Report, Section II - Financial Statements, Net Program Costs By Administration Before Changes In Veterans Benefits Actuarial Liability Assumptions" (PDF). Department of Veterans Affairs. 15 Nov 2016. m/s. 36. Dicapai 12 Jun 2017. VA expends a substantial amount of its budgetary resources on medical care for Veterans and also disburses large cash amounts for Veteran’s compensation and education benefits programs. 
  3. ^ "2016 VA Agency Financial Report, Section I – Analysis of Entity's Financial Statements and Stewardship Information, Net Cost of Operations, Chart 5: FY 2016 Program Costs (Gross)" (PDF). Department of Veterans Affairs. 15 Nov 2016. m/s. 30. Dicapai 12 Jun 2017. 
  4. ^ "2016 Financial Report of the United States Government, Notes to the Financial Statements, Note 12. Federal Employee and Veteran Benefits Payable" (PDF). Bureau of the Fiscal Service, U.S. Department of the Treasury. 12 Jan 2017. Dicapai 13 Jun 2017. The Government compensates disabled veterans and their survivors. Veterans' compensation is payable as a disability benefit or a survivor’s benefit. Entitlement to compensation depends on the veteran’s disabilities having been incurred in, or aggravated during, active military service; death while on duty; or death resulting from service-connected disabilities, if not on active duty. ¶ Eligible veterans who die or are disabled from military service-related causes, as well as their dependents, receive compensation benefits. Also, veterans are provided with burial flags, headstones/markers, and grave liners for burial in a VA national cemetery or are provided a burial flag, headstone/marker and a plot allowance for burial in a private cemetery. These benefits are provided under 38 U.S.C., Part 2, Chapter 23 in recognition of a veteran’s military service and are recorded as a liability in the period the requirements are met. ¶ The liability for veterans’ compensation and burial benefits payable is based on an actuarial estimate of future compensation and burial payments and increased by $477.7 billion in fiscal year 2016. The $477.7 billion increase is primarily attributable to assumption changes and experience. The major actuarial assumption changes and experience impacts include growth in compensation counts, new mortality rates, changes in the discount rate, and an increase in beneficiary counts. ¶ Several significant actuarial assumptions were used in the valuation of compensation and burial benefits to calculate the present value of the liability. A liability was recognized for the projected benefit payments to: 1) those beneficiaries, including veterans and survivors, currently receiving benefit payments; 2) current veterans who will in the future become beneficiaries of the compensation program; and 3) a proportional share of those in active military service as of the valuation date who will become veterans in the future. Future benefit payments to survivors of those veterans in classes 1, 2, and 3 above are also incorporated into the projection. The projected liability does not include any administrative costs. ¶ The veterans' compensation and burial benefits liability is developed on an actuarial basis. It is impacted by interest on the liability balance, experience gains or losses, changes in actuarial assumptions, prior service costs, and amounts paid for costs included in the liability balance. 
  5. ^ U.S. Const. art. II, § 2, cl. 2.
  6. ^ Department of Veterans Affairs Act § 18(b), 38 USC § 301 (2017).

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