Templat:Citation

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The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, patent, or a web page. It determines the citation type by examining which parameters are used.

If invoked with the right parameters, this template produces output identical to that of the Cite templates, such as {{Cite book}} and {{Cite web}}. The default behavior sometimes differs from that of the Cite templates; for example, this template by default generates anchors for Harvard references whereas the Cite templates do not (although they can be made to do so), and this template by default uses commas to separate some fields that the Cite templates separate with periods (full stops).

The template should be inserted after punctuation, such as a period or comma.

All parameter names are lowercase.

Simple citation[sunting sumber]

This template gives the most commonly used attributes. You can copy the horizontal form or vertical form below and then add in extra attributes from the full list. Spacing and ordering is irrelevant.

{{Citation |last= |first= |year= |title= |publisher= |publication-place= |page= |url= |accessdate= }}

{{Citation
| last =
| first =
| year =
| title =
| publisher =
| publication-place =
| page =
| url =
| accessdate =
}}
  • last: The author's surname or last name. Don't use with author.
  • first: The author's first or given name(s).
  • year: Year of authorship or publication. Mandatory for use with links from Template:Harvard citation, unless |date= specifies both month and year.
  • title: Title of the work. Mandatory for web references.
  • publisher: The name of the publisher. Omit terms such as Publishers, Co., Inc., Ltd., etc., but retain the words Books or Press. Not normally included where the publication is a periodical which has its own Wikipedia article (e.g. Newsweek, Billboard).
    • publication-place (or place or location): The city of publication. If more than one town/city is listed on the title page, give the first one or the location of the publisher's head office. Omit when the publication is a periodical whose name specifies the location (e.g. The New York Times, The Times of India)
  • page: For use when one page is cited. Adds "p." before the page number. Do not use with pages.
  • url: An url of an online location where the item can be found. If the url includes double quotes, these must be encoded as "%22".
    • accessdate: Date[n 1] when the url was accessed.

Example[sunting sumber]

{{Citation
| last = Turner
| first = Orsamus
| title = History of the pioneer settlement of
Phelps and Gorham's purchase, and Morris' reserve
| publisher = William Alling
| place = Rochester, New York
| year = 1851
| id = {{OL|7120924W}}
}}
Turner, Orsamus (1851), History of the pioneer settlement of Phelps and Gorham's purchase, and Morris' reserve, Rochester, New York: William Alling, Templat:OL 

Full citation parameters[sunting sumber]

These can be used for all types of publication except patents. All are optional and indentation is used simply to group related items — these may be mutually exclusive where indicated. Some hyphenated names can also be placed without hyphens.

{{Citation
| author =
| last =
| first =
| author2 =
| last2 =
| first2 =
| author-link =
| author2-link =
| author-separator =
| author-name-separator =
| author-mask =
| display-authors =
| coauthors =
| editor =
| editor-last =
| editor-first =
| editor2 =
| editor2-last =
| editor2-first =
| editor-link =
| editor2-link =
| others =
| publication-date =
| year =
| month =
| origyear =
| title =
| chapter =
| chapter-url =
| contribution =
| contribution-url =
| type =
| journal =
| periodical =
| newspaper =
| magazine =
| work =
| edition =
| series =
| volume =
| issue =
| publisher =
| publication-place =
| place =
| language =
| page =
| pages =
| nopp =
| at =
| id =
| isbn =
| issn =
| oclc =
| pmid =
| pmc =
| bibcode =
| doi =
| doi-inactive =
| url =
| accessdate =
| format =
| archiveurl =
| archivedate =
| quote =
| laysummary =
| laysource =
| laydate =
| separator = ,
| postscript =
| ref =
}}

Parameters[sunting sumber]

Syntax[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/syntax

Templat:Csdoc documentation/coins

Templat:Csdoc documentation/sep comma

Deprecated[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/deprecated

Description[sunting sumber]

Authors[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/author

Editors[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/editor

Title[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/title Templat:Csdoc documentation/chapter Templat:Csdoc documentation/type Templat:Csdoc documentation/language

Date[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/date

Periodical[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/journal

Publisher[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/publisher

Edition, series, volume[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/edition Templat:Csdoc documentation/series Templat:Csdoc documentation/volume

In-source locations[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/pages

URL[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/url

Anchor[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/ref2

Identifiers[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/id1 Templat:Csdoc documentation/id2

Quote[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/quote

Laysummary[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/lay

Display options[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/display

Examples[sunting sumber]

Books[sunting sumber]

Three authors, a volume, and an edition. Ampersand (&) forced before final author's name.
{{Citation
| last1 = Lincoln
| first1 = A.
| last2 = Washington
| first2 = G.
| last3 = Adams
| first3 = J.
| lastauthoramp = yes
| title = All the Presidents' Names
| publisher = The Pentagon
| place = Home Base, New York
| volume = XII
| edition = 2nd
| year = 2007
}}
Lincoln, A.; Washington, G. & Adams, J. (2007), All the Presidents' Names, XII (edisi 2nd), Home Base, New York: The Pentagon 

Web[sunting sumber]

Web page
{{Citation
| url = http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov
| title = NPS Focus
| work = National Register of Historic Places
| publisher = [[National Park Service]]
| accessdate = November 30, 2010
}}
"NPS Focus", National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, dicapai pada November 30, 2010 
Archived page
{{Citation
| url = http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/
academy/space/atmosphere.html
| title = Earth's Atmosphere
| accessdate = October 25, 2007
| publisher = [[National Aeronautics and Space Administration]]
| year = 1995
| author = NASA
| archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20071013232332/
http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/academy/space/atmosphere.html
| archivedate = October 13, 2007
}}
NASA (1995), Earth's Atmosphere, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, diarkibkan daripada original pada October 13, 2007, dicapai pada October 25, 2007 

Journals, newspapers, magazines, or other periodicals[sunting sumber]

Journal article
{{Citation
| last = Hill
| first = Marvin S.
| title = Joseph Smith and the 1826
Trial: New Evidence and New
Difficulties
| journal = BYU Studies
| volume = 12
| issue = 2
| year = 1976
| pages = 1–8
| url = https://byustudies.byu.edu/
shop/PDFSRC/12.2Hill.pdf
}}
Hill, Marvin S. (1976), "Joseph Smith and the 1826 Trial: New Evidence and New Difficulties" (PDF), BYU Studies, 12 (2): 1–8 
Journal article with multiple authors and identifier
{{Citation
| last1 = Mandelkern
| first1 = M,
| last2 = Elias
| first2 = J,
| last3 = Eden
| first3 = D,
| last4 = Crothers
| first4 = D
| display-authors = 2
| title = The dimensions of DNA in solution
| journal = J Mol Biol
| volume = 152
| issue = 1
| pages = 153–61
| year = 1981
| pmid = 7338906
| doi = 10.1016/0022-2836(81)90099-1
}}
Mandelkern, M,; Elias, J,; et al. (1981), "The dimensions of DNA in solution", J Mol Biol, 152 (1): 153–61, PMID 7338906, doi:10.1016/0022-2836(81)90099-1 
Newspaper article
{{Citation
| last = Smith
| first = Joseph III
| author-link = Joseph Smith III
| title = Last Testimony of Sister Emma
| newspaper = The Saints' Herald
| publication-place = Plano, IL
| volume = 26
| issue = 19
| date = October 1, 1879
| year = 1879
| month = October
| page = 289
| url = http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/
dbroadhu/IL/sain1872.htm#100179
}}
Smith, Joseph III (October 1, 1879), "Last Testimony of Sister Emma", The Saints' Herald, Plano, IL, 26 (19), p. 289  Parameter |month= tidak diketahui diabaikan (bantuan)
Conference paper
{{Citation
| last = Sullivan
| first = D.B.
| contribution = Time and frequency measurement
 at NIST: The first 100 years
| year = 2001
| title = 2001 IEEE Int'l Frequency Control Symp.
| publisher = National Institute of Standards and Technology
| url = http://tf.nist.gov/timefreq/
general/pdf/1485.pdf
| format = PDF
}}
Sullivan, D.B. (2001), "Time and frequency measurement at NIST: The first 100 years", 2001 IEEE Int'l Frequency Control Symp. (PDF), National Institute of Standards and Technology 

Parts of books, including encyclopedia articles[sunting sumber]

Manuscript published in an edited compilation
{{Citation
| last = Bidamon
| first = Emma Smith
| author-link = Emma Hale Smith
| chapter = Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim
| date = March 27, 1876
| year = 1876
| editor-last = Vogel
| editor-first = Dan
| title = Early Mormon Documents
| volume = 1
| publisher = Signature Books
| publication-date = 1996
| isbn = 1–56085–072–8
}}
Bidamon, Emma Smith (March 27, 1876), "Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim", dalam Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, 1, Signature Booksditerbitkan pada 1996, ISBN 1–56085–072–8 Periksa nilai |isbn=: invalid character (bantuan) 
Work with an editor but no author
{{Citation
| editor-last = Vogel
| editor-first = Dan
| title = Early Mormon Documents
| volume = 1
| publisher = Signature Books
| publication-date = 1996
| isbn = 1–56085–072–8
}}
Vogel, Dan, ed. (1996), Early Mormon Documents, 1, Signature Books, ISBN 1–56085–072–8 Periksa nilai |isbn=: invalid character (bantuan) 
Encyclopedia article by a named author
{{Citation
| last = Kramer
| first = Martin
| author-link = Martin Kramer
| contribution = Bernard Lewis
| editor-last = Boyd
| editor-first = Kelley
| title = Encyclopedia of Historians
and Historical Writing
| volume = 1
| pages = 719–720
| publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
| place = London
| publication-date = 1999
| contribution-url = http://
www.geocities.com/martinkramerorg/
BernardLewis.htm
}}
Kramer, Martin (1999), "Bernard Lewis", dalam Boyd, Kelley, Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, pp. 719–720 
Encyclopedia article with no named author
{{Citation
| contribution = Bernard Lewis
| editor-last = Boyd
| editor-first = Kelley
| title = Encyclopedia of Historians
and Historical Writing
| volume = 1
| pages = 719–720
| publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
| place = London
| year = 1999
| contribution-url = http://
www.geocities.com/martinkramerorg/
BernardLewis.htm
}}
Boyd, Kelley, ed. (1999), "Bernard Lewis", Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, pp. 719–720 

Republications, or edited quotations in a periodical article[sunting sumber]

Manuscript edited and published in a journal
{{Citation
| last = Knight
| first = Joseph, Sr.
| year = 1833
| editor-last = Jessee
| editor-first = Dean
| title = Joseph Knight's Recollection
of Early Mormon History
| journal = BYU Studies
| volume = 17
| issue = 1
| publication-date = 1976
| page = 35
| url = https://byustudies.byu.edu/
shop/PDFSRC/17.1Jessee.pdf
}}
Knight, Joseph, Sr. (1833), Jessee, Dean, ed., "Joseph Knight's Recollection of Early Mormon History" (PDF), BYU Studiesditerbitkan pada 1976, 17 (1): 35 
Manuscript written at one date and place, then published in a periodical at a different date and place with commentary by the editor.
{{Citation
| last = Klingensmith
| first = Philip
| contribution = Affidavit
| year = 1872
| date = September 5, 1872
| place = Lincoln County, Nevada
| title = Mountain Meadows Massacre
| editor-last = Toohy
| editor-first = Dennis J.
| journal = Corinne Daily Reporter
| publication-date = September 24, 1872
| publication-place = Corinne, Utah
| volume = 5
| issue = 252
| page = 1
| contribution-url = http://
udn.lib.utah.edu/u?/corinne,5359
}}
Klingensmith, Philip (September 5, 1872), ditulis pada Lincoln County, Nevada, Toohy, Dennis J., ed., "Mountain Meadows Massacre", Corinne Daily Reporter, Corinne, Utahditerbitkan pada September 24, 1872, 5 (252): 1  |contribution= diabaikan (bantuan)

Press release[sunting sumber]

Press release with quotation
{{Citation
| url = http://www.apple.com/pr/
library/2010/04/05ipad.html
| title = Apple Sells Over 300,000 iPads First Day
| publisher = Apple Inc
| accessdate = April 10, 2010
| quote = in the US as of midnight Saturday, April 3}}
Apple Sells Over 300,000 iPads First Day, Apple Inc, dicapai pada April 10, 2010, in the US as of midnight Saturday, April 3 

Citing patents[sunting sumber]

Parameters (all are optional)[sunting sumber]

{{Citation
| inventor-last =
| inventor-first =
| inventorlink =
| inventor2-last =
| inventor2-first =
| inventorlink2 =
| publication-date =
| issue-date =
| title =
| country-code =
| description =
| patent-number =
| ref =
}}
  • inventor-last (or inventor1-last): The inventor's surname or last name.
  • inventor-first (or inventor1-first): The inventor's first or given name(s).
  • inventorlink (or inventorlink1): Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the first inventor.
  • inventor2-last, inventor3-last, inventor4-last: The second, third, and fourth authors' surname or last name, if applicable.
  • inventor2-first, inventor3-first, inventor4-first: The second, third, and fourth inventors' first or given name(s), if applicable.
  • inventorlink2, inventorlink3, inventorlink4: Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the second, third, and fourth inventor, if applicable.
  • publication-date: Date of publication or filing.
  • issue-date (or date): Date patent was issued by patent agency.
  • title: Title of the patent. If the title includes [square brackets], these must be encoded as "[" for "[" and "]" for "]"
  • country-code: Two-letter abbreviation of the country issuing the patent.
  • description: Type of patent; shown between country code and number.
  • patent-number: The number of the patent.
  • ref: Anchor id.

Examples[sunting sumber]

United States patent with multiple inventors
{{Citation
| inventor1-last = Degermark
| inventor1-first = Mikael
| inventor2-last = Brodnik
| inventor2-first = Andrej
| inventor3-last = Carlsson
| inventor3-first = Svante
| inventor4-last = Pink
| inventor4-first = Stephen
| title = Fast routing lookup system
using complete prefix tree, bit vector,
and pointers in a routing table for
determining where to route IP datagrams
| issue-date = 2001
| patent-number = 6266706
| country-code = US}}
US 6266706, Degermark, Mikael; Andrej Brodnik & Svante Carlsson et al., "Fast routing lookup system using complete prefix tree, bit vector, and pointers in a routing table for determining where to route IP datagrams", issued 2001 

No description.

Parameter templat

Parameter Keterangan Jenis Status
Ref Ref

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Surname1 Surname1

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Surname2 Surname2

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Surname3 Surname3

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Surname4 Surname4

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Year Year

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Given1 Given1

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Inventorlink1 Inventorlink1

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Given2 Given2

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Inventorlink2 Inventorlink2

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Given3 Given3

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Inventorlink3 Inventorlink3

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Given4 Given4

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Inventorlink4 Inventorlink4

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Title Title

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
CountryCode CountryCode

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
PublicationNumber PublicationNumber

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Description Description

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
PublicationDate PublicationDate

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
IssueDate IssueDate

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
EditorSurname1 EditorSurname1

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
EditorSurname2 EditorSurname2

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
EditorSurname3 EditorSurname3

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
EditorSurname4 EditorSurname4

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
URL URL

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Url url

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Sep Sep

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Assignee1 Assignee1

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Assignee2 Assignee2

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
PS PS

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
FilingDate FilingDate

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
PriorityDate PriorityDate

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional

Anchored citations[sunting sumber]

This template can generate a citation that can be combined with shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing. It does this by creating an HTML anchor containing an ID. The special parameter |ref=harv generates an ID suitable for Harvard referencing templates such as {{harv}} as specified in the next section; this is the default for the {{citation}} template. If an empty |ref= is given, no anchor is generated; this is the default for the Cite templates such as {{cite book}} and {{cite news}}. You can also specify the ID directly, using the |ref=ID parameter. For example, suppose an article's References section contains the markup:

  • {{Citation |author=Sigmund Freud |title=Civilization and Its Discontents |year=1930 |ref=CivDis}}

which generates the citation:

  • Sigmund Freud (1930), Civilization and Its Discontents 

Then, the markup "([[#CivDis|Freud 1930]])" generates a parenthetical reference "(Freud 1930)" containing a wikilink to the citation (try clicking on the wikilink).

Anchors for Harvard referencing templates[sunting sumber]

IDs compatible with Harvard referencing templates such as {{harv}} are computed from the last names of the authors and the year of the cited source. For example, the markup "{{harv|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}}" generates the Harvard reference "(Wright & Evans 1851, p. ix)", which wikilinks to the citation whose markup and appearance are shown below:

  • {{Citation |last1=Wright |first1=Thomas |last2=Evans |first2=R. H. |title=Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray |location=London |publisher=Henry G. Bohn |year=1851 |oclc=59510372}}
  • Wright, Thomas; Evans, R. H. (1851), Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray, London: Henry G. Bohn, OCLC 59510372 

In this example the {{citation}} template defines, and the {{harv}} template uses, the HTML ID "CITEREFWrightEvans1851", composed by concatenating the string "CITEREF" with the last names of the authors and the year. The {{harvid}} template can be used to generate such IDs, for example, {{harvid|Wright|Evans|1851}} generates "CITEREFWrightEvans1851".

Related methods which leave only a number in the text are to use the {{harvnb}} template enclosed in the <ref></ref> html code, or to use the {{sfn}} template alone. The example above would be <ref>{{harvnb|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}}</ref> or {{sfn|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}} both of which generate a footnote, such as

17. Wright & Evans 1851, halaman ix

The names of only the first four authors are used; other author names are not concatenated to the ID. If no author names are given, editor names are used instead. For patents, inventor names are used instead of authors or editors. If these names are not given, this template does not generate an anchor.

Last names are used, as specified by the parameters |last1= (or |last=), |last2=, |last3=, and |last4=, and similarly for |editor1-last= etc. and for |inventor1-last= etc. If a full name is given but no last name is specified, this template falls back on the full name, but this usage is not recommended. For example, in "{{Citation | author = Sigmund Freud | title = The Ego and the Id | year = 1923}}" no last name is given, so this citation cannot be combined with the Harvard reference "{{harv|Freud|1923}}". To make these {{citation}} and {{harv}} invocations compatible, either replace "|author=Sigmund Freud" with "|first=Sigmund |last=Freud", or add "|ref={{harvid|Freud|1923}}" to the {{citation}} invocation, or add the same ref parameter (say, "|ref=EgoId") to both the {{citation}} and the {{harv}} invocations.

Similarly, the year is used, as specified by |year=. If no year is given, this template attempts to derive the year from |date= (or, if no date is given, from |publication-date=) by applying the MediaWiki#time function. This heuristic works with many common date formats (American, International and ISO standard format YYYY-MM-DD as listed in WP:MOS), but may not work as expected with other formats, so when in doubt it may be safer to use |year=. Note that if only a year, say 2005, is known you must use |year=2005 rather than |date=2005.

IDs must be unique[sunting sumber]

Names, years, and hand-specified IDs must be chosen so that the IDs are unique within a page; otherwise the HTML will not conform to the W3C standards, and any references to the citations will not work reliably. For example, suppose a page contains the following two citations with {{harv}}-compatible IDs:

If these citations were altered to say "2008" rather than "2008a" and "2008b", the resulting page would not work, because the two different citations would both attempt to use the ID "CITEREFMontesHalterman2008". To avoid this problem, distinguish the citations by appending suffixes to the years, e.g., "|year=2008a" and "|year=2008b", as was done above. Any Harvard references to these citations should use years with the same suffixes.

It is good practice to verify that a page does not contain duplicate IDs by using the W3C Markup Validation Service; see External links.

Dates[sunting sumber]

  1. ^
    • The format of dates in the references of an article should use a consistent and unambiguous style. Example formats used in Wikipedia citations include:
      • 2009
      • 2009-09-14 (ISO standard format: YYYY-MM-DD)
      • 14 September 2009
      • September 14, 2009 (with comma)
      • September 2009
    • Dates should not be linked in references.
    • Please see Wikipedia:Manual of Style (dates and numbers)#Dates for more guidance about formatting dates.

Tools[sunting sumber]

See Wikipedia:Citing sources#Citation templates and tools for a list of tools that can help create a reference in the "citation" format.

TemplateData[sunting sumber]

Berikut adalah pendokumenan TemplateData untuk templat ini yang digunakan oleh VisualEditor dan alatan-alatan lain.

Citation

The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, patent, or a web page. It determines the citation type by examining which parameters are used.

Parameter templat

Parameter Keterangan Jenis Status
1 1

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
2 2

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
3 3

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author surname last

surname of the author of the cited material

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author given name first

given name (first name) of the author of the cited material

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
title of source title

Title of source; displays in italics.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
date of source date

Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
url of source url

URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor-surname inventor-surname

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor1-surname inventor1-surname

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor-last inventor-last

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor1-last inventor1-last

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor inventor

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
invent1 invent1

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
invent-1 invent-1

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
country-code country-code

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor2-surname inventor2-surname

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor2-last inventor2-last

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor2 inventor2

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
invent2 invent2

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor3-surname inventor3-surname

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor3-last inventor3-last

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor3 inventor3

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
invent3 invent3

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor4-surname inventor4-surname

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor4-last inventor4-last

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor4 inventor4

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
invent4 invent4

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor-given inventor-given

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor1-given inventor1-given

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor-first inventor-first

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor1-first inventor1-first

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor2-given inventor2-given

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor2-first inventor2-first

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor3-given inventor3-given

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor3-first inventor3-first

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor4-given inventor4-given

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventor4-first inventor4-first

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventorlink1 inventorlink1

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventorlink inventorlink

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventorlink2 inventorlink2

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventorlink3 inventorlink3

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
inventorlink4 inventorlink4

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
country country

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
publication-number publication-number

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
patent-number patent-number

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
number number

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
description description

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
status status

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
publication-date publication-date

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
pubdate pubdate

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
issue-date issue-date

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
gdate gdate

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
year year

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
fdate fdate

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
pridate pridate

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
assign1 assign1

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
assign2 assign2

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
ref ref

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
separator separator

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
quote quote

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
postscript postscript

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author-separator author-separator

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author-mask author-mask

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
authormask authormask

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
surname surname

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
last1 last1

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
surname1 surname1

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author1 author1

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author author

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
authors authors

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
last2 last2

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
surname2 surname2

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author2 author2

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
last3 last3

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
surname3 surname3

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author3 author3

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
last4 last4

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
surname4 surname4

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author4 author4

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
last5 last5

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
surname5 surname5

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author5 author5

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
last6 last6

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
surname6 surname6

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author6 author6

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
last7 last7

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
surname7 surname7

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author7 author7

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
last8 last8

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
surname8 surname8

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author8 author8

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
last9 last9

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
surname9 surname9

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author9 author9

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
first1 first1

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
given1 given1

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
given given

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
first2 first2

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
given2 given2

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
first3 first3

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
given3 given3

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
first4 first4

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
given4 given4

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
first5 first5

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
given5 given5

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
first6 first6

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
given6 given6

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
first7 first7

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
given7 given7

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
first8 first8

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
given8 given8

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
first9 first9

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
given9 given9

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author-link author-link

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author1-link author1-link

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
authorlink authorlink

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
authorlink1 authorlink1

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author2-link author2-link

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
authorlink2 authorlink2

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author3-link author3-link

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
authorlink3 authorlink3

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author4-link author4-link

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
authorlink4 authorlink4

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author5-link author5-link

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
authorlink5 authorlink5

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author6-link author6-link

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
authorlink6 authorlink6

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author7-link author7-link

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
authorlink7 authorlink7

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author8-link author8-link

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
authorlink8 authorlink8

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author9-link author9-link

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
authorlink9 authorlink9

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
coauthor coauthor

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
coauthors coauthors

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
origyear origyear

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
month month

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
trans_chapter trans_chapter

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
trans_title trans_title

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
type type

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
archiveurl archiveurl

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
deadurl deadurl

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
series series

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
version version

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
journal journal

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
periodical periodical

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
newspaper newspaper

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
magazine magazine

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
work work

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
volume volume

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
issue issue

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
pages pages

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
page page

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
at at

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
nopp nopp

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
chapter chapter

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
contribution contribution

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
chapter-url chapter-url

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
chapterurl chapterurl

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
contribution-url contribution-url

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
chapter-format chapter-format

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
others others

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
edition edition

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
place place

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
location location

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
publication-place publication-place

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
publisher publisher

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor-last editor-last

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor-surname editor-surname

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor1-last editor1-last

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor1-surname editor1-surname

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor1 editor1

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor editor

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editors editors

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor2-last editor2-last

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor2-surname editor2-surname

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor2 editor2

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor3-last editor3-last

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor3-surname editor3-surname

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor3 editor3

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor4-last editor4-last

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor4-surname editor4-surname

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor4 editor4

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor-first editor-first

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor-given editor-given

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor1-first editor1-first

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor1-given editor1-given

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor2-first editor2-first

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor2-given editor2-given

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor3-first editor3-first

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor3-given editor3-given

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor4-first editor4-first

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor4-given editor4-given

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor-link editor-link

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor1-link editor1-link

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor2-link editor2-link

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor3-link editor3-link

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
editor4-link editor4-link

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
language language

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
in in

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
format format

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
arxiv arxiv

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
asin asin

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
ASIN ASIN

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
asin-tld asin-tld

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
bibcode bibcode

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
doi doi

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
DOI DOI

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
doi_inactivedate doi_inactivedate

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
doi_brokendate doi_brokendate

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
isbn isbn

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
ISBN ISBN

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
issn issn

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
ISSN ISSN

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
jfm jfm

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
JFM JFM

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
jstor jstor

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
JSTOR JSTOR

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
lccn lccn

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
LCCN LCCN

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
mr mr

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
MR MR

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
oclc oclc

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
OCLC OCLC

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
ol ol

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
OL OL

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
osti osti

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
OSTI OSTI

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
pmc pmc

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
PMC PMC

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
pmid pmid

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
PMID PMID

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
rfc rfc

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
RFC RFC

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
ssrn ssrn

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
SSRN SSRN

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
zbl zbl

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
id id

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
ID ID

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
access-date access-date

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
accessdate accessdate

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
laysummary laysummary

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
laysource laysource

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
laydate laydate

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
author-name-separator author-name-separator

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
lastauthoramp lastauthoramp

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
display-authors display-authors

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
archivedate archivedate

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Translator-first translator-first

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Translator-last translator-last

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Translator2-first translator2-first

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Translator2-last translator2-last

no description

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional

Templat ini menghasilkan COinS metadata; lihat COinS di Wikipedia untuk maklumat latarbelakang.

Templat ini menghasilkan COinS metadata; lihat COinS di Wikipedia untuk maklumat latarbelakang.Templat:Wikipedia referencing