Templat:Citation

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The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, patent, or a web page. It determines the citation type by examining which parameters are used.

If invoked with the right parameters, this template produces output identical to that of the Cite templates, such as {{Cite book}} and {{Cite web}}. The default behavior sometimes differs from that of the Cite templates; for example, this template by default generates anchors for Harvard references whereas the Cite templates do not (although they can be made to do so), and this template by default uses commas to separate some fields that the Cite templates separate with periods (full stops).

The template should be inserted after punctuation, such as a period or comma.

All parameter names are lowercase.

Simple citation[sunting sumber]

This template gives the most commonly used attributes. You can copy the horizontal form or vertical form below and then add in extra attributes from the full list. Spacing and ordering is irrelevant.

{{Citation |last= |first= |year= |title= |publisher= |publication-place= |page= |url= |accessdate= }}

{{Citation
| last =
| first =
| year =
| title =
| publisher =
| publication-place =
| page =
| url =
| accessdate =
}}
  • last: The author's surname or last name. Don't use with author.
  • first: The author's first or given name(s).
  • year: Year of authorship or publication. Mandatory for use with links from Template:Harvard citation, unless |date= specifies both month and year.
  • title: Title of the work. Mandatory for web references.
  • publisher: The name of the publisher. Omit terms such as Publishers, Co., Inc., Ltd., etc., but retain the words Books or Press. Not normally included where the publication is a periodical which has its own Wikipedia article (e.g. Newsweek, Billboard).
    • publication-place (or place or location): The city of publication. If more than one town/city is listed on the title page, give the first one or the location of the publisher's head office. Omit when the publication is a periodical whose name specifies the location (e.g. The New York Times, The Times of India)
  • page: For use when one page is cited. Adds "p." before the page number. Do not use with pages.
  • url: An url of an online location where the item can be found. If the url includes double quotes, these must be encoded as "%22".
    • accessdate: Date[n 1] when the url was accessed.

Example[sunting sumber]

{{Citation
| last = Turner
| first = Orsamus
| title = History of the pioneer settlement of
Phelps and Gorham's purchase, and Morris' reserve
| publisher = William Alling
| place = Rochester, New York
| year = 1851
| id = {{OL|7120924W}}
}}
Turner, Orsamus (1851), History of the pioneer settlement of Phelps and Gorham's purchase, and Morris' reserve, Rochester, New York: William Alling, Templat:OL 

Full citation parameters[sunting sumber]

These can be used for all types of publication except patents. All are optional and indentation is used simply to group related items — these may be mutually exclusive where indicated. Some hyphenated names can also be placed without hyphens.

{{Citation
| author =
| last =
| first =
| author2 =
| last2 =
| first2 =
| author-link =
| author2-link =
| author-separator =
| author-name-separator =
| author-mask =
| display-authors =
| coauthors =
| editor =
| editor-last =
| editor-first =
| editor2 =
| editor2-last =
| editor2-first =
| editor-link =
| editor2-link =
| others =
| publication-date =
| year =
| month =
| origyear =
| title =
| chapter =
| chapter-url =
| contribution =
| contribution-url =
| type =
| journal =
| periodical =
| newspaper =
| magazine =
| work =
| edition =
| series =
| volume =
| issue =
| publisher =
| publication-place =
| place =
| language =
| page =
| pages =
| nopp =
| at =
| id =
| isbn =
| issn =
| oclc =
| pmid =
| pmc =
| bibcode =
| doi =
| doi-inactive =
| url =
| accessdate =
| format =
| archiveurl =
| archivedate =
| quote =
| laysummary =
| laysource =
| laydate =
| separator = ,
| postscript =
| ref =
}}

Parameters[sunting sumber]

Syntax[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/syntax

Templat:Csdoc documentation/coins

Templat:Csdoc documentation/sep comma

Deprecated[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/deprecated

Description[sunting sumber]

Authors[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/author

Editors[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/editor

Title[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/title Templat:Csdoc documentation/chapter Templat:Csdoc documentation/type Templat:Csdoc documentation/language

Date[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/date

Periodical[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/journal

Publisher[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/publisher

Edition, series, volume[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/edition Templat:Csdoc documentation/series Templat:Csdoc documentation/volume

In-source locations[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/pages

URL[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/url

Anchor[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/ref2

Identifiers[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/id1 Templat:Csdoc documentation/id2

Quote[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/quote

Laysummary[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/lay

Display options[sunting sumber]

Templat:Csdoc documentation/display

Examples[sunting sumber]

Books[sunting sumber]

Three authors, a volume, and an edition. Ampersand (&) forced before final author's name.
{{Citation
| last1 = Lincoln
| first1 = A.
| last2 = Washington
| first2 = G.
| last3 = Adams
| first3 = J.
| lastauthoramp = yes
| title = All the Presidents' Names
| publisher = The Pentagon
| place = Home Base, New York
| volume = XII
| edition = 2nd
| year = 2007
}}
Lincoln, A.; Washington, G. & Adams, J. (2007), All the Presidents' Names, XII (edisi 2nd), Home Base, New York: The Pentagon 

Web[sunting sumber]

Web page
{{Citation
| url = http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov
| title = NPS Focus
| work = National Register of Historic Places
| publisher = [[National Park Service]]
| accessdate = November 30, 2010
}}
"NPS Focus", National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, dicapai pada November 30, 2010 
Archived page
{{Citation
| url = http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/
academy/space/atmosphere.html
| title = Earth's Atmosphere
| accessdate = October 25, 2007
| publisher = [[National Aeronautics and Space Administration]]
| year = 1995
| author = NASA
| archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20071013232332/
http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/academy/space/atmosphere.html
| archivedate = October 13, 2007
}}
NASA (1995), Earth's Atmosphere, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, diarkibkan daripada original pada October 13, 2007, dicapai pada October 25, 2007 

Journals, newspapers, magazines, or other periodicals[sunting sumber]

Journal article
{{Citation
| last = Hill
| first = Marvin S.
| title = Joseph Smith and the 1826
Trial: New Evidence and New
Difficulties
| journal = BYU Studies
| volume = 12
| issue = 2
| year = 1976
| pages = 1–8
| url = https://byustudies.byu.edu/
shop/PDFSRC/12.2Hill.pdf
}}
Hill, Marvin S. (1976), "Joseph Smith and the 1826 Trial: New Evidence and New Difficulties" (PDF), BYU Studies, 12 (2): 1–8 
Journal article with multiple authors and identifier
{{Citation
| last1 = Mandelkern
| first1 = M,
| last2 = Elias
| first2 = J,
| last3 = Eden
| first3 = D,
| last4 = Crothers
| first4 = D
| display-authors = 2
| title = The dimensions of DNA in solution
| journal = J Mol Biol
| volume = 152
| issue = 1
| pages = 153–61
| year = 1981
| pmid = 7338906
| doi = 10.1016/0022-2836(81)90099-1
}}
Mandelkern, M,; Elias, J,; et al. (1981), "The dimensions of DNA in solution", J Mol Biol, 152 (1): 153–61, PMID 7338906, doi:10.1016/0022-2836(81)90099-1 
Newspaper article
{{Citation
| last = Smith
| first = Joseph III
| author-link = Joseph Smith III
| title = Last Testimony of Sister Emma
| newspaper = The Saints' Herald
| publication-place = Plano, IL
| volume = 26
| issue = 19
| date = October 1, 1879
| year = 1879
| month = October
| page = 289
| url = http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/
dbroadhu/IL/sain1872.htm#100179
}}
Smith, Joseph III (October 1, 1879), "Last Testimony of Sister Emma", The Saints' Herald, Plano, IL, 26 (19), m/s. 289  Parameter |month= tidak diketahui diabaikan (bantuan)
Conference paper
{{Citation
| last = Sullivan
| first = D.B.
| contribution = Time and frequency measurement
 at NIST: The first 100 years
| year = 2001
| title = 2001 IEEE Int'l Frequency Control Symp.
| publisher = National Institute of Standards and Technology
| url = http://tf.nist.gov/timefreq/
general/pdf/1485.pdf
| format = PDF
}}
Sullivan, D.B. (2001), "Time and frequency measurement at NIST: The first 100 years", 2001 IEEE Int'l Frequency Control Symp. (PDF), National Institute of Standards and Technology 

Parts of books, including encyclopedia articles[sunting sumber]

Manuscript published in an edited compilation
{{Citation
| last = Bidamon
| first = Emma Smith
| author-link = Emma Hale Smith
| chapter = Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim
| date = March 27, 1876
| year = 1876
| editor-last = Vogel
| editor-first = Dan
| title = Early Mormon Documents
| volume = 1
| publisher = Signature Books
| publication-date = 1996
| isbn = 1–56085–072–8
}}
Bidamon, Emma Smith (March 27, 1876), "Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim", dalam Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, 1, Signature Booksditerbitkan pada 1996, ISBN 1–56085–072–8 Periksa nilai |isbn=: invalid character (bantuan) 
Work with an editor but no author
{{Citation
| editor-last = Vogel
| editor-first = Dan
| title = Early Mormon Documents
| volume = 1
| publisher = Signature Books
| publication-date = 1996
| isbn = 1–56085–072–8
}}
Vogel, Dan, ed. (1996), Early Mormon Documents, 1, Signature Books, ISBN 1–56085–072–8 Periksa nilai |isbn=: invalid character (bantuan) 
Encyclopedia article by a named author
{{Citation
| last = Kramer
| first = Martin
| author-link = Martin Kramer
| contribution = Bernard Lewis
| editor-last = Boyd
| editor-first = Kelley
| title = Encyclopedia of Historians
and Historical Writing
| volume = 1
| pages = 719–720
| publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
| place = London
| publication-date = 1999
| contribution-url = http://
www.geocities.com/martinkramerorg/
BernardLewis.htm
}}
Kramer, Martin (1999), "Bernard Lewis", dalam Boyd, Kelley, Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, m/s. 719–720 
Encyclopedia article with no named author
{{Citation
| contribution = Bernard Lewis
| editor-last = Boyd
| editor-first = Kelley
| title = Encyclopedia of Historians
and Historical Writing
| volume = 1
| pages = 719–720
| publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
| place = London
| year = 1999
| contribution-url = http://
www.geocities.com/martinkramerorg/
BernardLewis.htm
}}
Boyd, Kelley, ed. (1999), "Bernard Lewis", Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, m/s. 719–720 

Republications, or edited quotations in a periodical article[sunting sumber]

Manuscript edited and published in a journal
{{Citation
| last = Knight
| first = Joseph, Sr.
| year = 1833
| editor-last = Jessee
| editor-first = Dean
| title = Joseph Knight's Recollection
of Early Mormon History
| journal = BYU Studies
| volume = 17
| issue = 1
| publication-date = 1976
| page = 35
| url = https://byustudies.byu.edu/
shop/PDFSRC/17.1Jessee.pdf
}}
Knight, Joseph, Sr. (1833), Jessee, Dean, ed., "Joseph Knight's Recollection of Early Mormon History" (PDF), BYU Studiesditerbitkan pada 1976, 17 (1): 35 
Manuscript written at one date and place, then published in a periodical at a different date and place with commentary by the editor.
{{Citation
| last = Klingensmith
| first = Philip
| contribution = Affidavit
| year = 1872
| date = September 5, 1872
| place = Lincoln County, Nevada
| title = Mountain Meadows Massacre
| editor-last = Toohy
| editor-first = Dennis J.
| journal = Corinne Daily Reporter
| publication-date = September 24, 1872
| publication-place = Corinne, Utah
| volume = 5
| issue = 252
| page = 1
| contribution-url = http://
udn.lib.utah.edu/u?/corinne,5359
}}
Klingensmith, Philip (September 5, 1872), ditulis pada Lincoln County, Nevada, Toohy, Dennis J., ed., "Mountain Meadows Massacre", Corinne Daily Reporter, Corinne, Utahditerbitkan pada September 24, 1872, 5 (252): 1  |contribution= diabaikan (bantuan)

Press release[sunting sumber]

Press release with quotation
{{Citation
| url = http://www.apple.com/pr/
library/2010/04/05ipad.html
| title = Apple Sells Over 300,000 iPads First Day
| publisher = Apple Inc
| accessdate = April 10, 2010
| quote = in the US as of midnight Saturday, April 3}}
Apple Sells Over 300,000 iPads First Day, Apple Inc, dicapai pada April 10, 2010, in the US as of midnight Saturday, April 3 

Citing patents[sunting sumber]

Parameters (all are optional)[sunting sumber]

{{Citation
| inventor-last =
| inventor-first =
| inventorlink =
| inventor2-last =
| inventor2-first =
| inventorlink2 =
| publication-date =
| issue-date =
| title =
| country-code =
| description =
| patent-number =
| ref =
}}
  • inventor-last (or inventor1-last): The inventor's surname or last name.
  • inventor-first (or inventor1-first): The inventor's first or given name(s).
  • inventorlink (or inventorlink1): Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the first inventor.
  • inventor2-last, inventor3-last, inventor4-last: The second, third, and fourth authors' surname or last name, if applicable.
  • inventor2-first, inventor3-first, inventor4-first: The second, third, and fourth inventors' first or given name(s), if applicable.
  • inventorlink2, inventorlink3, inventorlink4: Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the second, third, and fourth inventor, if applicable.
  • publication-date: Date of publication or filing.
  • issue-date (or date): Date patent was issued by patent agency.
  • title: Title of the patent. If the title includes [square brackets], these must be encoded as "[" for "[" and "]" for "]"
  • country-code: Two-letter abbreviation of the country issuing the patent.
  • description: Type of patent; shown between country code and number.
  • patent-number: The number of the patent.
  • ref: Anchor id.

Examples[sunting sumber]

United States patent with multiple inventors
{{Citation
| inventor1-last = Degermark
| inventor1-first = Mikael
| inventor2-last = Brodnik
| inventor2-first = Andrej
| inventor3-last = Carlsson
| inventor3-first = Svante
| inventor4-last = Pink
| inventor4-first = Stephen
| title = Fast routing lookup system
using complete prefix tree, bit vector,
and pointers in a routing table for
determining where to route IP datagrams
| issue-date = 2001
| patent-number = 6266706
| country-code = US}}
US 6266706, Degermark, Mikael; Andrej Brodnik & Svante Carlsson et al., "Fast routing lookup system using complete prefix tree, bit vector, and pointers in a routing table for determining where to route IP datagrams", issued 2001 

Tiada keterangan.

Parameter templat

Parameter Keterangan Jenis Status
Ref Ref

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Surname1 Surname1

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Surname2 Surname2

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Surname3 Surname3

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Surname4 Surname4

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Year Year

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Given1 Given1

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Inventorlink1 Inventorlink1

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Given2 Given2

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Inventorlink2 Inventorlink2

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Given3 Given3

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Inventorlink3 Inventorlink3

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Given4 Given4

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Inventorlink4 Inventorlink4

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Title Title

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
CountryCode CountryCode

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
PublicationNumber PublicationNumber

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Description Description

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
PublicationDate PublicationDate

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
IssueDate IssueDate

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
EditorSurname1 EditorSurname1

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
EditorSurname2 EditorSurname2

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
EditorSurname3 EditorSurname3

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
EditorSurname4 EditorSurname4

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
URL URL

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
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kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Url url

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Sep Sep

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Assignee1 Assignee1

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Assignee2 Assignee2

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
PS PS

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
FilingDate FilingDate

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
PriorityDate PriorityDate

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan

Anchored citations[sunting sumber]

This template can generate a citation that can be combined with shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing. It does this by creating an HTML anchor containing an ID. The special parameter |ref=harv generates an ID suitable for Harvard referencing templates such as {{harv}} as specified in the next section; this is the default for the {{citation}} template. If an empty |ref= is given, no anchor is generated; this is the default for the Cite templates such as {{cite book}} and {{cite news}}. You can also specify the ID directly, using the |ref=ID parameter. For example, suppose an article's References section contains the markup:

  • {{Citation |author=Sigmund Freud |title=Civilization and Its Discontents |year=1930 |ref=CivDis}}

which generates the citation:

  • Sigmund Freud (1930), Civilization and Its Discontents 

Then, the markup "([[#CivDis|Freud 1930]])" generates a parenthetical reference "(Freud 1930)" containing a wikilink to the citation (try clicking on the wikilink).

Anchors for Harvard referencing templates[sunting sumber]

IDs compatible with Harvard referencing templates such as {{harv}} are computed from the last names of the authors and the year of the cited source. For example, the markup "{{harv|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}}" generates the Harvard reference "(Wright & Evans 1851, p. ix)", which wikilinks to the citation whose markup and appearance are shown below:

  • {{Citation |last1=Wright |first1=Thomas |last2=Evans |first2=R. H. |title=Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray |location=London |publisher=Henry G. Bohn |year=1851 |oclc=59510372}}
  • Wright, Thomas; Evans, R. H. (1851), Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray, London: Henry G. Bohn, OCLC 59510372 

In this example the {{citation}} template defines, and the {{harv}} template uses, the HTML ID "CITEREFWrightEvans1851", composed by concatenating the string "CITEREF" with the last names of the authors and the year. The {{harvid}} template can be used to generate such IDs, for example, {{harvid|Wright|Evans|1851}} generates "CITEREFWrightEvans1851".

Related methods which leave only a number in the text are to use the {{harvnb}} template enclosed in the <ref></ref> html code, or to use the {{sfn}} template alone. The example above would be <ref>{{harvnb|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}}</ref> or {{sfn|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}} both of which generate a footnote, such as

17. Wright & Evans 1851, halaman ix

The names of only the first four authors are used; other author names are not concatenated to the ID. If no author names are given, editor names are used instead. For patents, inventor names are used instead of authors or editors. If these names are not given, this template does not generate an anchor.

Last names are used, as specified by the parameters |last1= (or |last=), |last2=, |last3=, and |last4=, and similarly for |editor1-last= etc. and for |inventor1-last= etc. If a full name is given but no last name is specified, this template falls back on the full name, but this usage is not recommended. For example, in "{{Citation | author = Sigmund Freud | title = The Ego and the Id | year = 1923}}" no last name is given, so this citation cannot be combined with the Harvard reference "{{harv|Freud|1923}}". To make these {{citation}} and {{harv}} invocations compatible, either replace "|author=Sigmund Freud" with "|first=Sigmund |last=Freud", or add "|ref={{harvid|Freud|1923}}" to the {{citation}} invocation, or add the same ref parameter (say, "|ref=EgoId") to both the {{citation}} and the {{harv}} invocations.

Similarly, the year is used, as specified by |year=. If no year is given, this template attempts to derive the year from |date= (or, if no date is given, from |publication-date=) by applying the MediaWiki#time function. This heuristic works with many common date formats (American, International and ISO standard format YYYY-MM-DD as listed in WP:MOS), but may not work as expected with other formats, so when in doubt it may be safer to use |year=. Note that if only a year, say 2005, is known you must use |year=2005 rather than |date=2005.

IDs must be unique[sunting sumber]

Names, years, and hand-specified IDs must be chosen so that the IDs are unique within a page; otherwise the HTML will not conform to the W3C standards, and any references to the citations will not work reliably. For example, suppose a page contains the following two citations with {{harv}}-compatible IDs:

If these citations were altered to say "2008" rather than "2008a" and "2008b", the resulting page would not work, because the two different citations would both attempt to use the ID "CITEREFMontesHalterman2008". To avoid this problem, distinguish the citations by appending suffixes to the years, e.g., "|year=2008a" and "|year=2008b", as was done above. Any Harvard references to these citations should use years with the same suffixes.

It is good practice to verify that a page does not contain duplicate IDs by using the W3C Markup Validation Service; see External links.

Dates[sunting sumber]

  1. ^
    • The format of dates in the references of an article should use a consistent and unambiguous style. Example formats used in Wikipedia citations include:
      • 2009
      • 2009-09-14 (ISO standard format: YYYY-MM-DD)
      • 14 September 2009
      • September 14, 2009 (with comma)
      • September 2009
    • Dates should not be linked in references.
    • Please see Wikipedia:Manual of Style (dates and numbers)#Dates for more guidance about formatting dates.

Tools[sunting sumber]

See Wikipedia:Citing sources#Citation templates and tools for a list of tools that can help create a reference in the "citation" format.

TemplateData[sunting sumber]

Berikut adalah pendokumenan TemplateData untuk templat ini yang digunakan oleh VisualEditor dan alatan-alatan lain.

Citation

The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, patent, or a web page. It determines the citation type by examining which parameters are used.

Parameter templat

Parameter Keterangan Jenis Status
1 1

tiada keterangan

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2 2

tiada keterangan

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3 3

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
Rentetan pilihan
author surname last

surname of the author of the cited material

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kosong
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author given name first

given name (first name) of the author of the cited material

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kosong
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title of source title

Title of source; displays in italics.

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kosong
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kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
date of source date

Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.

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kosong
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kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
url of source url

URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found.

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kosong
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kosong
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inventor-surname inventor-surname

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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inventor1-surname inventor1-surname

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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inventor-last inventor-last

tiada keterangan

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inventor1-last inventor1-last

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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inventor inventor

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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invent1 invent1

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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invent-1 invent-1

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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country-code country-code

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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inventor2-surname inventor2-surname

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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inventor2-last inventor2-last

tiada keterangan

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inventor2 inventor2

tiada keterangan

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invent2 invent2

tiada keterangan

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inventor3-surname inventor3-surname

tiada keterangan

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inventor3-last inventor3-last

tiada keterangan

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inventor3 inventor3

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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invent3 invent3

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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inventor4-surname inventor4-surname

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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inventor4-last inventor4-last

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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inventor4 inventor4

tiada keterangan

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invent4 invent4

tiada keterangan

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inventor-given inventor-given

tiada keterangan

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inventor1-given inventor1-given

tiada keterangan

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inventor-first inventor-first

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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inventor1-first inventor1-first

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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inventor2-given inventor2-given

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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inventor2-first inventor2-first

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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inventor3-given inventor3-given

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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inventor3-first inventor3-first

tiada keterangan

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inventor4-given inventor4-given

tiada keterangan

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inventor4-first inventor4-first

tiada keterangan

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inventorlink1 inventorlink1

tiada keterangan

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inventorlink inventorlink

tiada keterangan

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inventorlink2 inventorlink2

tiada keterangan

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inventorlink3 inventorlink3

tiada keterangan

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inventorlink4 inventorlink4

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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country country

tiada keterangan

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publication-number publication-number

tiada keterangan

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patent-number patent-number

tiada keterangan

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number number

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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description description

tiada keterangan

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status status

tiada keterangan

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publication-date publication-date

tiada keterangan

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pubdate pubdate

tiada keterangan

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issue-date issue-date

tiada keterangan

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gdate gdate

tiada keterangan

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year year

tiada keterangan

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fdate fdate

tiada keterangan

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pridate pridate

tiada keterangan

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assign1 assign1

tiada keterangan

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assign2 assign2

tiada keterangan

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ref ref

tiada keterangan

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separator separator

tiada keterangan

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quote quote

tiada keterangan

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postscript postscript

tiada keterangan

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author-separator author-separator

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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Rentetan pilihan
author-mask author-mask

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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authormask authormask

tiada keterangan

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kosong
Contoh
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kosong
Rentetan pilihan
surname surname

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
Rentetan pilihan
last1 last1

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
Rentetan pilihan
surname1 surname1

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
Rentetan pilihan
author1 author1

tiada keterangan

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author author

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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authors authors

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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last2 last2

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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surname2 surname2

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
Rentetan pilihan
author2 author2

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
Rentetan pilihan
last3 last3

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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surname3 surname3

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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author3 author3

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
last4 last4

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
surname4 surname4

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
Rentetan pilihan
author4 author4

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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Rentetan pilihan
last5 last5

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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Rentetan pilihan
surname5 surname5

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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author5 author5

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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Rentetan pilihan
last6 last6

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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surname6 surname6

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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author6 author6

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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last7 last7

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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surname7 surname7

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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author7 author7

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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last8 last8

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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surname8 surname8

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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author8 author8

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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last9 last9

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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surname9 surname9

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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author9 author9

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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first1 first1

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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given1 given1

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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given given

tiada keterangan

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first2 first2

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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given2 given2

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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first3 first3

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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kosong
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given3 given3

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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first4 first4

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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given4 given4

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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first5 first5

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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given5 given5

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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first6 first6

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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given6 given6

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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first7 first7

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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given7 given7

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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first8 first8

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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given8 given8

tiada keterangan

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first9 first9

tiada keterangan

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given9 given9

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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author-link author-link

tiada keterangan

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kosong
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author1-link author1-link

tiada keterangan

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authorlink authorlink

tiada keterangan

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authorlink1 authorlink1

tiada keterangan

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author2-link author2-link

tiada keterangan

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authorlink2 authorlink2

tiada keterangan

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author3-link author3-link

tiada keterangan

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authorlink3 authorlink3

tiada keterangan

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author4-link author4-link

tiada keterangan

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authorlink4 authorlink4

tiada keterangan

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author5-link author5-link

tiada keterangan

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authorlink5 authorlink5

tiada keterangan

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author6-link author6-link

tiada keterangan

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authorlink6 authorlink6

tiada keterangan

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author7-link author7-link

tiada keterangan

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authorlink7 authorlink7

tiada keterangan

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author8-link author8-link

tiada keterangan

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authorlink8 authorlink8

tiada keterangan

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author9-link author9-link

tiada keterangan

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authorlink9 authorlink9

tiada keterangan

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coauthor coauthor

tiada keterangan

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coauthors coauthors

tiada keterangan

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origyear origyear

tiada keterangan

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month month

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trans_chapter trans_chapter

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trans_title trans_title

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type type

tiada keterangan

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archiveurl archiveurl

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deadurl deadurl

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series series

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version version

tiada keterangan

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journal journal

tiada keterangan

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periodical periodical

tiada keterangan

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Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
newspaper newspaper

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
magazine magazine

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
work work

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
volume volume

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
issue issue

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
pages pages

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
page page

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
at at

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
nopp nopp

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
chapter chapter

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
contribution contribution

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
chapter-url chapter-url

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
chapterurl chapterurl

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
contribution-url contribution-url

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
chapter-format chapter-format

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
others others

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
edition edition

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
place place

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
location location

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
publication-place publication-place

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
publisher publisher

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor-last editor-last

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor-surname editor-surname

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor1-last editor1-last

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor1-surname editor1-surname

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor1 editor1

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor editor

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editors editors

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor2-last editor2-last

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor2-surname editor2-surname

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor2 editor2

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor3-last editor3-last

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor3-surname editor3-surname

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor3 editor3

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor4-last editor4-last

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor4-surname editor4-surname

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor4 editor4

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor-first editor-first

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor-given editor-given

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor1-first editor1-first

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor1-given editor1-given

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor2-first editor2-first

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor2-given editor2-given

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor3-first editor3-first

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor3-given editor3-given

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor4-first editor4-first

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor4-given editor4-given

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor-link editor-link

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor1-link editor1-link

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor2-link editor2-link

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor3-link editor3-link

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
editor4-link editor4-link

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
language language

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
in in

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
format format

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
arxiv arxiv

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
asin asin

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
ASIN ASIN

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
asin-tld asin-tld

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
bibcode bibcode

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
doi doi

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
DOI DOI

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
doi_inactivedate doi_inactivedate

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
doi_brokendate doi_brokendate

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
isbn isbn

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
ISBN ISBN

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
issn issn

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
ISSN ISSN

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
jfm jfm

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
JFM JFM

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
jstor jstor

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
JSTOR JSTOR

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
lccn lccn

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
LCCN LCCN

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
mr mr

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
MR MR

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
oclc oclc

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
OCLC OCLC

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
ol ol

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
OL OL

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
osti osti

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
OSTI OSTI

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
pmc pmc

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
PMC PMC

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
pmid pmid

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
PMID PMID

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
rfc rfc

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
RFC RFC

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
ssrn ssrn

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
SSRN SSRN

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
zbl zbl

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
id id

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
ID ID

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
access-date access-date

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
accessdate accessdate

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
laysummary laysummary

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
laysource laysource

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
laydate laydate

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
author-name-separator author-name-separator

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
lastauthoramp lastauthoramp

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
display-authors display-authors

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
archivedate archivedate

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator-first translator-first

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Translator-last translator-last

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Translator2-first translator2-first

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Translator2-last translator2-last

tiada keterangan

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan

Templat ini menghasilkan COinS metadata; lihat COinS di Wikipedia untuk maklumat latarbelakang.

Templat ini menghasilkan COinS metadata; lihat COinS di Wikipedia untuk maklumat latarbelakang.


Templat:Wikipedia referencing