Wikinews

Daripada Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas.
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Wikinews
Logo Wikinews kini
URL http://www.wikinews.org/
Komersial? Tidak
Jenis tapak web Wiki berita
Pendaftaran Tidak wajib
Bahasa yang disediakan multilingual
Pemilik Yayasan Wikimedia
Dicipta oleh Komuniti Wikimedia

Wikinews merupakan sebuah wiki sumber berita kandungan bebas serta sebuah projek Wikimedia. Jimmy Wales telah membezakan Wikinews daripada Wikipedia dengan mengatakan bahawa "dalam Wikinews, setiap cerita ditulis seperti sebuah cerita berita bertentangan dengan sebuah rencana ensiklopedia."[1] Polisi pandangan yang berkecuali di Wikinews membezakannya daripada usaha-usaha kewartawanan rakyat yang lain seperti Indymedia dan OhmyNews.[2]

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Wikinews-logo.svg
Wikinews mempunyai berita berkaitan dengan:

Pada Januari 2003, satu cadangan dua baris di bawah tajuk Wikews dicipta pada Metawiki komuniti Wikipedia melalui pos anonim oleh Daniel Alston. Beliau tidak terlibat dalam perkembangan projek ini, dan rancangan ini dikembang semula oleh Erik Möller. Rancangan ini mencadangkan penciptaan projek saudara meliputi "berita dalam pelbagai tajuk, tidak berat sebelah, dan dengan lanjut."[3]. Bantahan awal daripada penyumbang Wikipedia lama, banyak yang menunjukkan kewujudan rumusan berita Wikipedia sendiri, terpaksa memberi laluan kepada perbincangan dan rancangan dengan lanjut tentang bagaimana melaksanakannya sebagai sebuah projek yang baru untuk Yayasan Wikimedia.

The beta version logo, used until February 13, 2005.

In November 2004, a demonstration wiki was established to show how such a collaborative news site might work. In December 2004, the site was moved out of the "demo" stage and into the beta stage. A German language edition was launched at the same time. Soon editions in Dutch, French, Spanish, Swedish, Bulgarian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Ukrainian, Italian, Serbian, Japanese, Russian, Hebrew, Arabic, Thai, Norwegian, and Chinese (in that chronological order) were set up.

On March 13, 2005, the English edition of Wikinews reached 1,000 news articles.

In September 2005, the project moved to the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 license.[4]

On April 29, 2006, the English edition of Wikinews reached 5,000 news articles.

On September 5, 2007, the English edition of Wikinews reached 10,000 news articles.

Projek sampingan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sedangkan Wikinews menumpu terutamanya pada rencana teks, ahli-ahlinya mengembangkan falsafahnya ke dalam media yang lain. Projek-projek ini termasuk Audio Wikinews, yang menghantar fail audio Ogg Vorbis, Wikinews Video 2.0 (fasa percubaan) dan Wikinews Print edition, yang merupakan edisi harian untuk dicetak.

Kritikan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Seperti Wikipedia (lihat Kritikan Wikipedia), Wikinews dikritik kerana dapat tidak bersifat neutral atau melampirkan maklumat yang disahkan dan benar. Robert McHenry, bekas ketua pengarang Encyclopædia Britannica mengkritik kredibiliti projek tersebut [1]:

Above all, the central question about the Wikinews effort is its credibility. "Making a newspaper is hard...Someone who wants to do it but doesn't really know how hasn't solved the problem by gathering a lot of other people who don't know, either.

McHenry was skeptical about Wikinews' ability to provide a neutral point of view and its claim to be evenhanded. "The naivete is stunning," he said.

In a 2007 interview Sue Gardner, a special advisor to the board of the Wikimedia Foundation and former head of CBC.ca, dismissed McHenry's comment, stating "Journalism is not a profession ... at its heart, it's just a craft. And that means that it can be practiced by anyone who is sensible and intelligent and thoughtful and curious ... I go back to the morning of Virginia Tech - the morning I decided I wanted to work here [WMF]. The conversation on the talk page that day was extremely thoughtful. I remember thinking to myself that if my own newsroom had been having a conversation that intelligent (I was offsite that day) I would have been delighted. So yes, IMO you absolutely have proved Robert McHenry wrong. And you will continue to."

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Joanna Glasner (29 November 2004). "Wikipedia Creators Move Into News". WIRED. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 2012-09-17. Diperoleh pada 2007-04-21. 
  2. Aaron Weiss (10 February 2005). "The Unassociated Press". The New York Times. Diperoleh pada 2007-04-21. 
  3. Wikimedia Foundation Meta-Wiki: Wikinews talk page archive
  4. Wikinews switches to Creative Commons license

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Wikipediahistory