Desiderius Erasmus

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Erasmus
Holbein-erasmus.jpg
potret lukisan Hans Holbein yang Muda
bertarikh 1523
Kelahiranc. 28 Oktober 1466
Rotterdam atau Gouda, Belanda Burgundy dalam Empayar Rom Suci
Meninggal dunia12 Julai 1536(1536-07-12) (umur 69)
Basel, Gabungan Swiss Lama dalam Empayar Rom Suci
Nama lainDesiderius Erasmus Roterodamus
Pusat pendidikanQueens' College, Cambridge
Collège de Montaigu, Paris
Universiti Torino
EraRenaissance philosophy
FalsafahWestern philosophy
InstitusiUniversiti Leuven
Kepentingan utama
falsafah Kristian
humanisme zaman Pembaharuan

Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus 28 Oktober 1466[1][2] – 12 July 1536) atau juga dikenali secara ringkasnya dengan nama Erasmus , merupakan seorang cendekiawan berbangsa Belanda yang sangat dikenali atas pemikiran humanisme beliau yang diadasarkan kepada ajaran Kristian (Christian humanism).[3] Pendekatan beliau dalam menterjemahkan Kitab Perjanjian Baru kepada bahasa-bahasa Latin Umum dan Yunani banyak mencetuskan perbincangan mengenai kandungan dan ajaran dalam kitab suci tersebut sehingga memainkan peranan penting dalam kedua-dua pergerakan Reformasi penganut mazhab Protestan dan Reformasi Balas penganut mazhab Katolik.

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Desiderius Erasmus lahir di Rotterdam pada 28 Oktober lewat tahun 1460-an.[1][4] Nama beliau diberikan ayahnya sempena memperingati Erasmus dari Formia,[5] seorang santo serta juga salah satu daripada Empat Belas Penolong Suci.

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  1. ^ a b Gleason, John B. "The Birth Dates of John Colet and Erasmus of Rotterdam: Fresh Documentary Evidence," Renaissance Quarterly, The University of Chicago Press on behalf of the Renaissance Society of America, Vol. 32, No. 1 (Spring, 1979), pp. 73–76; www.jstor.org
  2. ^ Harry Vredeveld, "The Ages of Erasmus and the Year of his Birth", Renaissance Quarterly, Vol. 46, No. 4 (Winter, 1993), pp. 754–809, www.jstor.org
  3. ^ Tracy, James D. "Desiderius Erasmus Biography & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Encyclopedia Britannica. Dicapai 29 Mei 2018. 
  4. ^ Erasmus Roterodamus. Desiderii Erasmi Roterodami de utraque verborum ac rerum copia. Libri II. Osnabrucae, 1715
  5. ^ Avarucci, Giuseppe (1983). "Due codici scritti da 'Gerardus Helye' padre di Erasmo", in: Italia medioevale e umanistica, 26 (1983), pp. 215–55, esp. pp. 238–39". 
  6. ^ a b (2000) González Echeverría, Francisco Javier, "Discovery of new editions of Bibles and of two 'lost' grammatical works of Michael Servetus" in: Abstracts, 37th International Congress on the History of Medicine, September 10–15. 2000, Galveston, Texas, pp. 22–23.
  7. ^ González Echeverría, Francisco Javier, 2011, The love for truth. Life and work of Michael Servetus (El amor a la verdad. Vida y obra de Miguel Servet), printed by Navarro y Navarro, Zaragoza, collaboration with the Government of Navarre, Department of Institutional Relations and Education of the Government of Navarre, pp. 251–57)
  8. ^ a b Michael Servetus Research Website with the two translations of Erasmus's works to Spanish, completed by Michael Servetus
  9. ^ (2011) González Echeverría, Francisco Javier, The love for truth. Life and work of Michael Servetus (El amor a la verdad. Vida y obra de Miguel Servet), printed by Navarro y Navarro, Zaragoza, collaboration with the Government of Navarre, Department of Institutional Relations and Education of the Government of Navarre, pp. 267–71)

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