Bantuan:IPA untuk Bahasa Hawaii

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Grafik di bawah menunjukkan cara bagaimana Abjad Fonetik Antarabangsa (IPA) melambangkan lafaz Bahasa Hawaii dalam rencana Wikipedia.

Anggaran Inggeris dalam beberapa kes yang sangat anggaran, dan hanya bertujuan untuk memberikan gambaran umum tentang sebutan tersebut. Untuk detail lebih lanjut, lihat Bahasa Hawaii#Fonologi (saat ini lebih tepat daripada Fonologi Hawaii).

Konsonan
IPA Contoh persamaan terdekat Bahasa Inggeris
h Honolulu hat
j Mauna Kea [ˈkɛjə][1] yes
k Kamehameha[2] sky
l Honolulu, Lānaʻi lean
m Maui moon
n Lānaʻi[3] note
p Pele spy
t Waikīkī, wikiwiki[2] sty
v wikiwiki[4] vision
w Loa [ˈlowə], Kīlauea [ˈkiːlɔuˈwɛjə][4] we
ʔ Hawaiʻi, Oʻahu oh-oh!
(a catch in the throat)
Stress
IPA Contoh Nota
ˈ Honolulu [honoˈlulu] Mark placed before stressed syllable.[5]
Vowels
IPA Contoh persamaan bahasa Inggeris terdekat
Lānaʻi father
ɐ Oʻahu, Molokaʻi[6] nut
ə Hawaiʻi, Mauna Loa[6] sofa
Kēōkea hey tanpa nada y
ɛ Pele[7] bed
e Kahoʻolawe[7] Spanish e
Waikīkī peel
i wikiwiki Spanish i
ʻōʻū low tanpa nada w
o Honolulu Spanish o
ʻōʻū moon
u Honolulu Spanish u
Diphthongs
Diphthongs are iu [ju], ou [ou], oi [oi], eu [eu], ei [ei], au [ɔu], ai [ɛi], ao [], ae [].
These are pronounced like sequences of vowels, but without a [w] or [j] in the middle.
iu is pronounced somewhat like yu, so kiu ≈ "cue".
In rapid speech, au as in Mauna and ai as in Waikīkī tend to be pronounced like ou and ei.

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. The y sound [j] is not written, but appears between a front vowel (i, e) and a non-front vowel (a, o, u)
  2. 2.0 2.1 [k] and [t], spelled k, are variants of a single consonant. [k] is almost universal at the beginnings of words, while [t] is most common before the vowel i. [t] is also more common in the western dialects, as on Kauaʻi, while [k] predominates on the Big Island.
  3. In some dialects the letter l is tends to be pronounced [n], especially in words with an n in them. On the western islands it tends to be pronounced as a tap, [ɾ].
  4. 4.0 4.1 [w] and [v], spelled w, are variants of a single consonant. [w] is the norm after back vowels u, o, while [v] is the norm after front vowels i, e. Initially and after the central vowel a, as in Hawaiʻi, they are found in free variation. [w] also occurs, though it is usually not written, between a back vowel (u, o) and a non-back vowel (i, e, a).
  5. Stress falls on the penultimate vowel, with diphthongs and long vowels counting double. (That is, a final long vowel or diphthong will be stressed.) Longer words may have a second stressed vowel, whose position is not predictable.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Short a is pronounced [ɐ] when stressed and [ə] when not.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Short e is [ɛ] when stressed and generally when next to l, n, or another syllable with a [ɛ]; otherwise it is [e].