Kerajaan beraja Scotland

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Rencana ini ialah mengenai kerajaan beraja terdahulu. Untuk negara sekarang, sila lihat Scotland.
Kerajaan beraja Scotland
  • Rìoghachd na h-Alba (Gaelik Scotland)
  • Kinrick o Scotland (Skotland)

Bendera Jata diraja
Moto
Lokasi  Scotland  (hijau)

di benua Eropah  (hijau dan kelabu)

Ibu negara Edinburgh (selepas sekitar 1452)
Bahasa
Agama Katolik, Episcopalianism, Presbyterianism
Kerajaan Monarki
Monarki
 •  843–58 Kenneth I (pertama)
 •  1702–07 Anne (terakhir)
Perundangan Parlimen
Sejarah
 •  Kesatuan kurun ke-9 (secara tradisi 843)
 •  Penggabungan Lothian dan Strathclyde 1124 (pengesahan Perjanjian York 1237)
 •  Penggabungan Galloway 1234/5
 •  Penggabungan Hebrides, Isle of Man dan Caithness 1266 (Perjanjian Perth)
 •  Orkney dan Shetland diduduki 1472
 •  Penyatuan Takhta 24 Mac 1603
 •  Kestuan dengan England 1 Mei 1707
Luas
 •  1482–1707 78,778 km² (30,416 batu²)
Populasi
 •  1500 (anggr.) 500,000 
     Ketumpatan 6.3 /km²  (16.4 /batu²)
 •  1600 (anggr.) 800,000 
     Ketumpatan 10.2 /km²  (26.3 /batu²)
 •  1700 (anggr.) 1,250,000 
     Ketumpatan 15.9 /km²  (41.1 /batu²)
Mata wang Pound Scotland
Didahului oleh
Digantikan oleh
Dál Riata
Cat
Ce
Fortriu
Fib
Strathclyde
Galloway
Northumbria
Kerajaan beraja Great Britain
Hari ini sebahagian daripada
^  Bahasa-bahasa Pictish dan bahasa Cumbric pupus semasa kurun ke-10 dan 11.[1][2] Perancis telah ditutur secara meluas di Scotland semasa kemuncak Persekutuan Auld.[3] Inggeris mula mendominasi di Scotland bermula pada pertengahan kurun ke-16.
Warning: Value specified for "continent" does not comply

Kerajaan beraja Scotland (Scots: Kinrick o Scotland; Bahasa Gaelic Scotland: Rìoghachd na h-Alba) adalah sebuah negara yang terletak di barat laut Eropah yang dipercayai telah diasaskan pada tahun 843, yang mana kemudian menyertai England untuk membentuk Great Britain pada tahun 1707. Meskipun wilayahnya mengembang dan mengecil beberapa kali, ia pada asasnya merangkumi satu per tiga daripada utara pulau Great Britain, berkongsi sempadan tanah hingga ke selatan dengan England. Ia menghadapi banyak serangan daripada England, akan tetapi semasa pemerintahan Robert I ia berjaya mendapat kemerdekaan dan kekal sebagai sebuah negara berdaulat pada akhir Zaman Pertengahan. Pada tahun 1603, James VI dari Scotland menjadi Raja England, dan menggabungkan Scotland dengan England dalam sebuah kesatuan peribadi. Pada tahun 1707, kedua-dua kerajaan disatukan untuk membentuk Keraja beraja Great Britain di bawah terma-terma Akta Kesatuan Union. Berikutan penaklukan terakhir Royal Burgh dari Berwick oleh England pada tahun 1482 (selepas pendudukan Northern Isles daripada Kerajaan beraja Norway pada tahun 1472) wilayah kerajaan beraja Scotland meliputi (kawasan sekarang) Scotland, bersempadanan dengan Laut Utara di timur, Lautan Atlantik di uatara dan barat, dan Terusan Utara dan Laut Ireland di barat daya.

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ Became the chief language of governance in the eleventh- and twelfth centuries.
  4. ^ Widely used for administrative and liturgical purposes.

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

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Kerajaan beraja Scotland
843–1707
Digantikan oleh:
Kerajaan beraja Great Britain
1707–1801
Digantikan oleh:
Kerajaan Bersatu Great Britain dan Ireland
1801–1922
Digantikan oleh:
Kerajaan Bersatu Great Britain dan Ireland Utara
sejak 1922

Templat:British Isles Templat:Medieval Scotland

Templat:Kingdom of Scotland

  1. ^ Sharpe, R (2011). "Peoples and Languages in Eleventh- and Twelfth-century Britain and Ireland: Reading the Charter Evidence" (PDF). Dalam Broun, D. The Reality Behind Charter Diplomatic in Anglo-Norman Britain (PDF). Glasgow: Centre for Scottish and Celtic Studies, University of Glasgow. m/s. 1–119. ISBN 978-0-85261-919-3 – melalui Paradox of Medieval Scotland 1093–1286.