Pengguna:SNN95/Tobu Railway

Daripada Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas.
Jump to navigation Jump to search
"Tobu" dilencongkan ke sini. Untuk seorang penerbit, sila lihat Tobu (penerbit).
Tobu Railway Co., Ltd.
Nama asal
東武鉄道株式会社
kabushiki kaisha
Didagangkan sebagaiTYO: 9001
GenreKereta api
DitubuhkanNovember 1897
PengasasMichinari Suenobu
Rokuro Hara
Ibu pejabat2-18-12 Oshiage, Sumida-ku, Tokyo, Jepun
Tempat dibekalkan
Tokyo, Saitama, Chiba, Gunma, Tochigi
Perancang utama
Nezu Kaichirō
Perkhidmatankereta api penumpang
Jumlah aset¥1.3 trilion (RM4.75 bilion)
PemilikYoshizumi Nezu (sejak 1999)
Bilangan pekerja
4,659 (Setakat Mac 2010 )
Laman sesawangwww.tobu.co.jp
Logo lama Tobu Railway yang digunakan sehingga Julai 2011

Tobu Railway Co., Ltd. (東武鉄道株式会社, Tōbu Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha) adalah sebuah syarikat keretapi komuter Jepun di kawasan Tokyo Raya dan juga pengendali wilayah dan serantau di rantau Kantō. Tidak termasuk syarikat-syarikat Japan Railways Group, sistem landasan sepanjang 463.3 km; Tobu adalah yang terpanjang kedua di Jepun selepas Kintetsu. Ia menyediakan servis ke sebahagian besar Wilayah Saitama, Wilayah Gunma dan Wilayah Tochigi, serta Tokyo dan Wilayah Chiba di barat.

Kumpulan korporat Tobu juga terlibat dalam pengangkutan jalan (bas / teksi), hartanah, dan runcit. Ia adalah pelabur terbesar di Skytree Tokyo, struktur tertinggi di Jepun. Syarikat itu adalah ahli dari Mizuho keiretsu.[petikan diperlukan]

Nama "Tobu" dibentuk dari kanji untuk timur (東) dan Musashi (武蔵), kawasan permulaan berkhidmat.

History[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tobu is one of the oldest railway companies in Japan. It was established in November 1897 and began operation between Kita-Senju and Kuki in August 1899. The Tojo Railway was founded in 1911 as a separate company, but shared its president and head office with Tobu.[1]

Tobu was the first railway in the Kanto region to adopt quadruple tracks, on the Kita-Senju to Takenotsuka sector in 1974. The Tobu Dobutsu Koen (Tobu Animal Park) opened in 1981.[2]

Railway network[sunting | sunting sumber]

Diagram of the Tobu network, showing main lines to right and Tojo Lines to lower left

Tobu has two isolated networks which are connected by the Chichibu Railway for ferrying of its rolling stock.

The Tobu Main Line network has a tree topology starting at Asakusa Station in Tokyo, with the Isesaki line as the trunk, and the Tobu Kameido Line, Daishi Line, Tobu Urban Park Line, Tobu Sano Line, Koizumi Line, Tōbu Kiryū Line, and Nikkō Line forming the branches, with further branches into the Tobu Utsunomiya Line and Tobu Kinugawa Lines. It offers surcharged, seat-reserved limited express services from Tokyo to Nikkō and Kinugawa.

The Tojo Line runs northwest from Ikebukuro Station in Tokyo to central and western Saitama Prefecture. A branch, the Ogose Line, runs to Ogose from Sakado Station.

Tobu's terminals in Tokyo are at Asakusa Station (Main Line express services), Oshiage Station (most other Main Line services) and Ikebukuro Station (Tojo Line). The Skytree and Isesaki Lines interoperate with the Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line to serve central Tokyo, while the Tojo Line interoperates with the Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line, Tokyu Toyoko Line and Minatomirai Line to serve central and southwest Tokyo and Kanagawa Prefecture.

Main Lines[sunting | sunting sumber]

Name Symbol Stations Length (km)
Skytree Line Tobu Skytree Line (TS) symbol.svg AsakusaTōbu-Dōbutsu-Kōen 41.0
Kameido Line HikifuneKameido 3.4
Daishi Line NishiaraiDaishimae 1.0
Isesaki Line Tobu Isesaki Line (TI) symbol.svg Tōbu-Dōbutsu-KōenIsesaki 75.1
Sano Line TatebayashiKuzū 22.1
Koizumi Line TatebayashiNishi-Koizumi, ŌtaHigashi-Koizumi 12.0
Kiryū Line ŌtaAkagi 20.3
Nikkō Line Tobu Nikko Line (TN) symbol.svg Tōbu-Dōbutsu-KōenTōbu Nikkō 94.5
Utsunomiya Line Shin-TochigiTōbu Utsunomiya 24.3
Kinugawa Line Shimo-ImaichiShin-Fujiwara 16.2
Urban Park Line (Formerly Noda Line) Tobu Noda Line (TD) symbol.svg ŌmiyaKasukabeFunabashi 62.7

Tobu Tojo Lines[sunting | sunting sumber]

Name Symbol Stations Length (km)
Tojo Line Tobu Tojo Line (TJ) symbol.svg IkebukuroYorii 75.0
Ogose Line SakadoOgose 10.9

Rolling stock[sunting | sunting sumber]

Setakat 1 April 2016 (2016-04-01) , Tobu Railway operates a fleet of 1,890 electric multiple unit (EMU) vehicles, the third largest fleet for a private railway operator in Japan after Tokyo Metro (2,728 vehicles) and Kintetsu (1,905).[3]

Express EMUs[sunting | sunting sumber]

Eight new three-car 500 series EMU trains were introduced on limited express services on lines from Asakusa in 21 April 2017.[4]

Commuter EMUs[sunting | sunting sumber]

Steam locomotive[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tobu plans to operate steam-hauled tourist services on the Kinugawa Line from 10 August 2017 using JNR Class C11 steam locomotive C11 207 loaned from JR Hokkaido together with JNR Class DE10 diesel locomotive DE10 1099 purchased from JR East, a fleet of six 12 and 14 series coaches purchased from JR Shikoku, and two Yo 8000 brake vans purchased from JR Freight and JR East.[6]

Withdrawn types[sunting | sunting sumber]

Express EMUs[sunting | sunting sumber]

Commuter EMUs[sunting | sunting sumber]

DMUs[sunting | sunting sumber]

Steam locomotives[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Tobu B1 Class 4-4-0 (1898)

References[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Terada, Hirokazu (July 2002). データブック日本の私鉄 [Databook: Japan's Private Railways]. Japan: Neko Publishing. m/s. 56–57. ISBN 4-87366-874-3. 
  1. ^ "明治28年~45年". Tobu Railway. Dicapai 28 April 2015. 
  2. ^ "昭和41年~63年". Tobu Railway. Dicapai 28 April 2015. 
  3. ^ 私鉄車両編成表 2016 [Private Railway Rolling Stock Formations - 2016] (dalam bahasa Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 25 July 2016. m/s. 213–214. ISBN 978-4-330-70116-5. 
  4. ^ 2017年4月21日(金)ダイヤ改正を実施! [Revised timetable to be introduced on Friday 21 April 2017] (PDF). News release (dalam bahasa Japanese). Japan: Tobu Railway. 18 January 2017. Diarkibkan daripada asal (pdf) pada 19 January 2017. Dicapai 19 January 2017. 
  5. ^ 東武70000系が営業運転を開始 [Tobu 70000 series enters revenue service]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (dalam bahasa Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 8 July 2017. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 9 July 2017. Dicapai 9 July 2017. 
  6. ^ 東武鬼怒川線で復活するSL「大樹」の営業運転開始日を2017年8月10日(木)に決定! ["Taiju" steam locomotive on Tobu Kinugawa Line to enter service on Thursday 10 August 2017] (PDF). News release (dalam bahasa Japanese). Japan: Tobu Railway. 18 January 2017. Diarkibkan daripada asal (pdf) pada 19 January 2017. Dicapai 19 January 2017. 

External links[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Tobu transit Templat:Japan private rail16 Templat:Tokyo transit