Pertubuhan Buruh Antarabangsa

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Pertubuhan Buruh Antarabangsa
Emblem of the United Nations.svg
ILO logo.png
KependekanILO
Pembentukan29 Oktober 1919; 101 tahun yang lalu (1919-10-29)
JenisAgensi pengkhususan PBB
Status perundanganAktif
Ibu pejabatGeneva, Switzerland
Ketua
Director-General
United Kingdom Guy Ryder
Organisasi indukPerhimpunan Agung Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu
Majlis Ekonomi dan Sosial Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu
Laman sesawangwww.ilo.org

Pertubuhan Buruh Antarabangsa (ILO) merupakan sebuah agensi khusus Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu yang menangani isu-isu buruh.[1] Organisasi ini ditubuhkan pada 1919 melalui Persetiaan Versailles dan sebagai organ Liga Bangsa-bangsa. Selepas PBB ditubuhkan, ILO telah menjadi agensi pertubuhan tersebut.[2]

Seperti dinyatakan oleh ketua pengarahnya, "matlamat utama ILO adalah untuk menggalakkan peluang bagi wanita dan lelaki mendapat pekerjaan yang memuaskan dan berhasil, dengan keadaan bebas, adil, selamat dan bermaruah." Kerja ILO dibahagikan kepada empat sektor, iaitu (1) piawaian dan prinsip asas dan hak dalam pekerjaan, (2) pekerjaan, (3) perlindungan sosial dan (4) dialog sosial.[3][4][5]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Mission and impact of the ILO". ilo.org.
  2. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1969". Nobelprize.org. Dicapai pada 5 July 2006.
  3. ^ "Global Commission on the Future of Work". www.ilo.org (dalam bahasa Inggeris). 2017-08-14. Dicapai pada 2019-03-21.
  4. ^ "A human-centred agenda needed for a decent future of work". www.ilo.org (dalam bahasa Inggeris). 2019-01-22. Dicapai pada 2019-03-21.
  5. ^ "Introduction to International Labour Standards". ilo.org.

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Alcock, A. History of the International Labour Organization (London, 1971)
  • Chisholm, A. Labour's Magna Charta: A Critical Study of the Labour Clauses of the Peace Treaty and of the Draft Conventions and Recommendations of the Washington International Labour Conference (London, 1925)
  • Dufty, N.F. "Organizational Growth and Goal Structure: The Case of the ILO," International Organization 1972 Vol. 26, pp 479–498 in JSTOR
  • Endres, A.; Fleming, G. International Organizations and the Analysis of Economic Policy, 1919–1950 (Cambridge, 2002)
  • Evans, A.A. My Life as an International Civil Servant in the International Labour Organization (Geneva, 1995)
  • Ewing, K. Britain and the ILO (London, 1994)
  • Fried, John H. E. "Relations Between the United Nations and the International Labor Organization," American Political Science Review, Vol. 41, No. 5 (October 1947), pp. 963–977 in JSTOR
  • Galenson, Walter. The International Labor Organization: An American View (Madison, 1981)
  • Ghebali, Victor-Yves. "The International Labour Organisation : A Case Study on the Evolution of U.N. Specialised Agencies" Dordrecht, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, (1989)
  • Guthrie, Jason. "The international labor organization and the social politics of development, 1938–1969." (PhD Dissertation, University of Maryland, 2015).
  • Haas, Ernst B. "Beyond the nation-state: functionalism and international organization" Colchester, ECPR Press, (2008)
  • Heldal, H. "Norway in the International Labour Organization, 1919–1939" Scandinavian Journal of History 1996 Vol. 21, pp 255–283,
  • Imber, M.F. The USA, ILO, UNESCO and IAEA: politicization and withdrawal in the Specialized Agencies (1989)
  • Johnston, G.A. The International Labour Organization: Its Work for Social and Economic Progress (London, 1970)
  • Manwaring, J. International Labour Organization: A Canadian View (Ottawa, 1986)
  • Morse, David. The Origin and Evolution of the ILO and its Role in the World Community (Ithaca, 1969)
  • Morse, David. "International Labour Organization – Nobel Lecture: ILO and the Social Infrastructure of Peace"
  • Ostrower, Gary B. "The American decision to join the international labor organization", Labor History, Volume 16, Issue 4 Autumn 1975, pp 495–504 The U.S. joined in 1934
  • VanDaele, Jasmien. "The International Labour Organization (ILO) In Past and Present Research," International Review of Social History 2008 53(3): 485–511, historiography

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]