Thessaloniki

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Thessaloniki

Θεσσαλονίκη

Salonica
Dataran AristotleMenara Putih ThessalonikiGereja Santo DemetriusDewan Konsert ThessalonikiThessalonica montage. Clicking on an image in the picture causes the browser to load the appropriate article.
Perihal imej ini
Logo bandar Thessaloniki
Panggilan: 
Ibu kota bersama,
Nymph di Teluk Thermaic[1][2]
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Koordinat: Ralat Lua pada baris 80 di package.lua: module 'Modul:ISO 3166/data/GR' not found.
Negara Greece
Wilayah geografiMacedonia
Kawasan pentadbiranMacedonia Tengah
Unit wilayahThessaloniki
Diasaskan315 BC (2334 tahun lepas)
DisatukanOkt. 1912 (107 tahun lepas)
Perbandaran
Kerajaan
 • JenisKerajaan majlis-Datuk Bandar
 • Datuk BandarKonstantinos Zervas (el) (Independent)
Keluasan
 • Perbandaran19.307 km2 (7.454 batu persegi)
 • Bandar
111.703 km2 (43.129 batu persegi)
 • Metro
1,285.61 km2 (496.38 batu persegi)
Ketinggian maksimum
250 m (820 ft)
Ketinggian minimum
0 m (0 ft)
Penduduk
(2011)[4]
 • Perbandaran325,182
 • KedudukanBandar ke-2, metro ke-2 di Greece
 • Bandar
824,676[3]
 • Metro
1,030,338[3]
DemonimThessalonian, Thessalonican
Zon waktuUTC+2 (EET)
 • Musim panas (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Poskod
53xxx, 54xxx, 55xxx, 56xxx
Telefon2310
Pendaftaran kenderaanNAx-xxxx hingga NXx-xxxx
Santo pelindungSanto Demetrius (26 October)
Gross regional domestic product (PPP 2015)€18.77 bilion ($Templat:ToUSD billion)[5]
 • Per kapita€16,900[5]
Laman webwww.thessaloniki.gr

Thessaloniki [θesaloˈnici] (Bahasa Yunani: Θεσσαλονίκη, translit. Thessaloníki), Saloniki atau Salonica adalah bandar kedua terbesar di Yunani dengan lebih 1 juta penduduk yang mendiami kawasan metropolitan, dan ibu negeri bagi wilayah Macedonia, pusat pentadbiran bagi Makedonia Tengah dan Pentadbiran Setempat bagi Macedonia dan Thrace.[6][7] Kota ini juga dikenali dalam bahasa Yunani sebagai η Συμπρωτεύουσα (i Symprōtévousa), literalnya bermaksud "ibu kota bersama",[8] bagi meruju status sejarahnya sebagai Συμβασιλεύουσα (Symvasilévousa) atau bandar "pemerintahan bersama" bagi Empayar Rom Timur (Byzantine), bersama-sama Constantinople.[9]

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Dari zaman Klasik-Antik sehingga Empayar Rom[sunting | sunting sumber]

Era Byzantine dan Zaman Pertengahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Zaman Uthmaniyah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kurun ke-20 hingga sekarang[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tokoh-tokoh ternama kelahiran kota[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Pentzikēs, Nikos Gavriēl; Marshall, Leo (1998). Mother Thessaloniki (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Kedros. ISBN 9789600414257. 
  2. ^ Mackridge, Peter; Yannakakis, Eleni (1997-03-01). Ourselves and others: the development of a Greek Macedonian cultural identity since 1912 (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Berg. ISBN 9781859731338. 
  3. ^ a b Thessaloniki is an urban area defined in 1985 through Law 1561/1985. Since the Kallikratis reform it has been made up of the municipalities of Thessaloniki (325,182), Kalamaria (91,518), NeapoliTemplat:EndashSykies (84,741), Pavlos Melas (99,245), KordelioTemplat:EndashEvosmos (101,753), AmpelokipoiTemplat:EndashMenemeni (52,127), and the municipal units of Pylaia and Panorama (34,625 and 17,444; part of the municipality of PylaiaTemplat:EndashChortiatis). The Thessaloniki metropolitan area was defined by the same law and is made up of the Urban area plus the municipalities of Delta (45,839), Oraiokastro (38,317), Thermaikos (50,264), Thermi (53,201), and the municipal unit of Chortiatis (18,041; part of the municipality of PylaiaTemplat:EndashChortiatis), for a total of 1,030,338. See Εφημερίς της Κυβερνήσεως της Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας [Government Gazette of the Hellenic Republic] (dalam bahasa Greek). Athens: National Printing House. 6 September 1985. m/s. 2332. Dicapai 10 February 2019. 
  4. ^ Απογραφή Πληθυσμού – Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός (dalam bahasa Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 
  5. ^ a b "Gross domestic product (GDP) at current market prices at NUTS level 3". Eurostat. Dicapai 27 January 2019. 
  6. ^ "Πρόγραμμα Καλλικράτης" [Kallikratis Programme] (PDF). 2011. m/s. 22. Diarkibkan daripada asal (PDF) pada 2 July 2010. Dicapai 6 August 2011. Έδρα της περιφέρειας Κεντρικής Μακεδονίας είναι η Θεσσαλονίκη. (The capital of the region of Central Macedonia is Thessaloniki.)  Parameter |url-status= tidak diketahui diabaikan (bantuan)
  7. ^ "Πρόγραμμα Καλλικράτης" [Kallikratis Programme] (PDF). 2011. m/s. 25. Diarkibkan daripada asal (PDF) pada 2 July 2010. Dicapai 6 August 2011. Αποκεντρωμένη Διοίκηση Μακεδονίας – Θράκης, η οποία εκτείνεται στα όρια της περιφέρειας Ανατολικής Μακεδονίας – Θράκης και Κεντρικής Μακεδονίας, με έδρα την Θεσσαλονίκη. ([The creation of the] Decentralized Administration of Macedonia-Thrace, which includes the modern regions of East Macedonia-Thrace and Central Macedonia, with Thessaloniki as capital.)  Parameter |url-status= tidak diketahui diabaikan (bantuan)
  8. ^ Harry Coccossis; Yannis Psycharis (2008). Regional analysis and policy: the Greek experience. ISBN 9783790820867. Dicapai 19 August 2011. 
  9. ^ Manos G. Birēs; Marō Kardamitsē-Adamē (2004). Neoclassical architecture in Greece. ISBN 9780892367757. Dicapai 10 August 2011. 

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