J. J. Abrams

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J. J. Abrams
J. J. Abrams by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Kelahiran Jeffrey Jacob Abrams
(1966-06-27) 27 Jun 1966 (umur 52)
New York City, New York, Amerika Syarikat
Pendidikan Sekolah Tinggi Palisades Charter
Pusat pendidikan Kolej Sarah Lawrence
Pekerjaan Pengarah filem, penerbit, penulis skrip, komposer
Tahun aktif 1982–kini
Kampung asal Los Angeles, California, A.S.
Pasangan Katie McGrath (k. 1996)
Anak 3
Ibu bapa
  • Gerald W. Abrams
  • Carol Ann Kelvin

Jeffrey Jacob Abrams (/ˈbrəmz/; lahir 27 Jun 1966) ialah seorang pengarah filem, penerbit, penulis skrip, pelakon, dan komposer Amerika Syarikat. Beliau yang lebih dikenali sebagai J. J. Abrams terkenal dengan hasil kerja dalam genre aksi, drama, dan cereka sains. Abrams menulis atau menerbitkan filem cetera seperti Regarding Henry (1991), Forever Young (1992), Armageddon (1998), Cloverfield (2008), dan Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015).

Beliau juga mencipta dan mencipta bersama beberapa siri drama TV, termasuk Felicity (pencipta bersama, 1998–2003), Alias (pencipta, 2001–2006), Lost (pencipta bersama, 2004–2010), dan Fringe (pencipta bersama, 2008–2013). Abrams memenangi dua Anugerah Emmy untuk Lost—Pengarahan Cemerlang untuk sebuah Siri Drama dan Siri Drama Cemerlang.

Hasil kerja arahannya termasuk Mission: Impossible III (2006), Star Trek (2009) dan kesinambungannya Star Trek Into Darkness (2013), dan Super 8 (2011). Beliau juga mengarah dan menulis bersama Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015), filem pertama dalam kesinambungan trilogi Star Wars dan filem kutipan tertinggi beliau, serta filem ketiga kutipan paling tinggi sepanjang masa. Beliau akan kembali ke Star Wars dengan menulis bersama dan mengarahkan Episode IX.[1]

Kerjasama bersama Abrams termasuk penerbit Bryan Burk, pelakon Greg Grunberg dan Simon Pegg, penulis Alex Kurtzman dan Roberto Orci, komposer Michael Giacchino, ahli sinematografi Daniel Mindel dan Larry Fong, dan editor Maryann Brandon dan Mary Jo Markey.

Latar belakang[sunting | sunting sumber]

Abrams dilahirkan di Bandar Raya New York dan dibesarkan di Los Angeles, anak kepada penerbit televisyen Gerald W. Abrams (lahir 1939) dan penerbit eksekutif Carol Ann Abrams (née Kelvin; 1942–2012).[2] Kakaknya ialah penulis skrip Tracy Rosen.[2] Beliau menghadiri Sekolah Tinggi Palisades. Selepas sekolah menengah, Abrams merancang untuk pergi ke sekolah perfileman dan bukannya sebuah kolej akademik tetapi akhirnya mendaftar di Kolej Sarah Lawrence, atas nasihat bapanya: "Lebih penting anda pergi dan belajar bagaimana membuat filem tentang bagaimana membuat filem."[3]

Kehidupan peribadi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Abrams berkahwin dengan eksekutif perhubungan awam Katie McGrath dan mempunyai tiga orang anak.[4] Beliau menetap di Pacific Palisades, Los Angeles, California.[5][6] Beliau beragama Yahudi dan isterinya merupakan penganut Roman Katolik, dan kadangkala beliau membawa anak-anaknya ke perkhidmatan agama pada cuti Yahudi.[7]

Abrams berkhidmat di Majlis Kreatif Represent.Us, sebuah pertubuhan anti-rasuah bukan parti.[8]

Filemografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Filem[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Filem Penulis Pengarah Penerbit Pelakon Catatan
1982 Nightbeast Komposer
Kesan bunyi
1990 Taking Care of Business Ya
1991 Regarding Henry Ya Ya Ya Budak Penghantar
Penerbit bersama
1992 Forever Young Ya Ya Penerbit eksekutif
1993 Six Degrees of Separation Ya Doug
1996 The Pallbearer Ya
Diabolique Ya Jurugambar Video #2
1997 Gone Fishin' Ya
1998 Armageddon Ya
1999 The Suburbans Ya Ya Wartawan
2001 Joy Ride Ya Ya
2006 Mission: Impossible III Ya Ya Filem pertama arahan
Juga artis digital
2008 Cloverfield Ya
2009 Star Trek Ya Ya
2010 Morning Glory Ya
2011 Super 8 Ya Ya Ya
Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol Ya
2013 Star Trek Into Darkness Ya Ya
2014 Infinitely Polar Bear Ya Penerbit eksekutif
2015 Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation Ya
Star Wars: The Force Awakens Ya Ya Ya Ya Kameo vokal
2016 10 Cloverfield Lane Ya
Star Trek Beyond Ya
2017 The Disaster Artist Ya Dirinya sendiri
Star Wars: The Last Jedi Ya Penerbit eksekutif
2018 The Cloverfield Paradox Ya
Overlord Ya Pasca-penerbitan
Mission Impossible – Fallout Ya Difilemkan
2019 Star Wars: Episode IX[9] Ya Ya Ya Pra-penerbitan

Televisyen[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Tajuk Dikreditkan sebagai Catatan
Penulis Pengarah Pengarah Eksekutif Komposer
1998–2002 Felicity Ya Ya Ya Ya Pencipta bersama; penulis (17 episod), pengarah (2 episod), komposer muzik tema bersama
2001–2006 Alias Ya Ya Ya Ya Pencipta; penulis (13 episod), pengarah (3 episod), komposer muzik tema
2004–2010 Lost Ya Ya Ya Ya Pencipta bersama; penulis (3 episod), pengarah (2 episod), komposer muzik tema
2005 The Catch Ya Ya Pencipta bersama; perintis
2006–2007 What About Brian Ya
Six Degrees Ya
2006 Jimmy Kimmel Live! Ya Episode tamu arahan:
"Episod #4.269"
2007 The Office Ya Episod arahan:
"Cocktails"
2008–2013 Fringe Ya Ya Ya Pencipta bersama; penulis (6 episod), komposer muzik tema
2009 Anatomy of Hope Ya Ya Perintis
2010 Undercovers Ya Ya Ya Ya Pencipta bersama; penulis (3 episod), pengarah (1 episod), komposer muzik tema
2011–2016 Person of Interest Ya Ya Komposer muzik tema
2012 Alcatraz Ya Ya Komposer muzik tema
Shelter Ya Perintis[10]
Family Guy Bintang tamu; episod:
"Ratings Guy"
2012–2014 Revolution Ya Ya Komposer muzik tema
2013–2014 Almost Human Ya Ya Komposer muzik tema
2014 Believe Ya
2015 Dead People Ya Perintis[11]
2016 11.22.63 Ya Siri Terhad[12]
Roadies Ya [13]
2016–kini Westworld Ya
2018 Castle Rock Ya

Muzik video[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Program Kredit Catatan
2009 "Cool Guys Don't Look at Explosions" Penghibur

Teater[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Tajuk Kredit Catatan
2017 The Play That Goes Wrong Penerbit

Anugerah dan pencalonan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Anugerah Kategori Karya tercalon Keputusan
1999 Razzie Award Worst Screenplay Armageddon Dicalonkan
2002 Emmy Award[14] Outstanding Writing for a Drama Series Alias Dicalonkan
2004 PGA Award Best Drama Dicalonkan
2005 ASCAP Film and Television Music Awards Top TV Series Lost Menang
Directors Guild of America Best Director Dicalonkan
Emmy Award[14] Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series – Pilot Menang
Outstanding Drama Series[14] Menang
Outstanding Writing for a Drama Series – Pilot[14] Dicalonkan
2006 ASCAP Film and Television Music Awards Top TV Series Menang
PGA Award Best Drama Menang
Writers Guild of America[15] Dramatic Series Menang
2007 Saturn Award Best Director Mission: Impossible III Dicalonkan
BAFTA Award Best International Lost Dicalonkan
PGA Award Best Drama Dicalonkan
Writers Guild of America Dramatic Series Dicalonkan
2008 Emmy Award Outstanding Drama Series Dicalonkan
2009 Emmy Award Outstanding Drama Series Dicalonkan
Writers Guild of America Long Form Fringe Dicalonkan
New Series Dicalonkan
2010 Emmy Award[14] Outstanding Drama Series Lost Dicalonkan
Saturn Award Best Director Star Trek Dicalonkan
Empire Awards Best Director Dicalonkan
PGA Award Theatrical Motion Picture Dicalonkan
2012 Saturn Award Best Director Super 8 Menang
Best Writing Dicalonkan
2013 PGA Award Norman Lear Achievement Award in Television Menang
2014 Saturn Award Best Director Star Trek Into Darkness Dicalonkan
2016 Best Director Star Wars: The Force Awakens Dicalonkan
Best Writing Menang
Empire Awards Best Director Menang

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "J.J. Abrams to Direct Star Wars: Episode IX! - ComingSoon.net". September 12, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Carol Ann Abrams dies, Producer, author was mother of J.J. Abrams". Variety. June 5, 2012. Dicapai June 6, 2012. 
  3. ^ J.J. Abrams: On Filmmaking. BAFTA Guru. May 8, 2013. 
  4. ^ "EW Gets the Stories Behind Those Goofy TV Production-Company Logos", Entertainment Weekly, December 7, 2001: "The title came to creator J.J. Abrams during a writers' meeting, and he recorded his children, Henry and Gracie (ages 2 and 3), saying the words into his Powerbook's microphone. 'That day in the office while editing,' says Abrams, 'I put together sound effects on my computer, burned a QuickTime movie on a CD, gave it to postproduction, and three days later it was on national television.'"
  5. ^ "Jj Abrams, Katie McGrath 4th Annual Pink Party to... – Picture 2072721". Contactmusic.com. Dicapai November 25, 2013. 
  6. ^ Director J.J. Abrams and wife, actress Katie – Media (3 of 46) Movie Premieres: 'Star Trek,' 'Angels, "Director J.J. Abrams and wife, actress Katie McGrath, parade on the red carpet as they arrives at Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood for the premiere of the movie 'Star Trek' in Los Angeles on April 30, 2009.
  7. ^ Jewishjournal.com: Now It's J.J. Abrams’ Turn to 'Trek', accessed December 16, 2015
  8. ^ "About | Represent.Us". End corruption. Defend the Republic. (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai 2016-11-01. 
  9. ^ Perry, Spencer (September 5, 2017). "JJ Abrams To Direct Star Wars: Episode IX". Comingsoon.net. Dicapai October 14, 2017. 
  10. ^ CW Picks Up 3 More Drama Pilots Including JJ Abrams & Mark Schwahn's Shelter. Deadline.com. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  11. ^ Andreeva, Nellie. "Andrew J. West To Play The Lead In CW Pilot 'Dead People' From Bad Robot". Deadline. Dicapai November 25, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Hulu Original "11.22.63" Premieres Presidents Day 2016". The Futon Critic. October 30, 2015. Dicapai November 25, 2015. 
  13. ^ Littleton, Cynthia (October 14, 2015). "Showtime Gives Series Pickup to Cameron Crowe-J.J. Abrams Comedy 'Roadies'". Variety. Dicapai November 25, 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c d e "The Academy of Television Arts and Sciences". Diarkibkan daripada asal pada February 15, 2011. Dicapai February 18, 2008. 
  15. ^ "Awards Winners". Writers Guild of America. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada January 18, 2010. Dicapai October 17, 2007. 

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Kamp, David (Jun 2013). "What you should know about J. J. Abrams". In the Details. Vanity Fair. 634: 36. 

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]