Jawatankuasa Warisan Dunia

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Logo Jawatankuasa Warisan Dunia UNESCO

Jawatankuasa Warisan Dunia ialah satu jawatankuasa yang memilih tapak yang akan disenaraikan sebagai tapak Warisan Dunia UNESCO, termasuk Senarai Warisan Dunia dan Senarai Warisan Dunia dalam Bahaya, memantau keadaan pemuliharaan harta Warisan Dunia, mentakrifkan penggunaan Dana Warisan Dunia dan memperuntukkan bantuan kewangan atas permintaan dari Negara Pihak. Ia terdiri daripada 21 negara pihak[1] yang dipilih oleh Perhimpunan Agung Negara-Negara Pihak untuk jangka masa empat tahun.[2]

Menurut Konvensyen Warisan Dunia, tempoh jawatan anggota jawatankuasa adalah enam tahun, namun banyak Parti Negara memilih untuk secara sukarela membatasi tempoh mereka hingga empat tahun, untuk memberi Negara Parti lain kesempatan untuk berkhidmat.[2] Para anggota yang dipilih pada Perhimpunan Agung ke-15 (2005) secara sukarela memilih untuk mengurangi masa jabatan mereka dari enam hingga empat tahun.[2]

Sesi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jawatankuasa Warisan Dunia bermesyuarat sekali setahun untuk membincangkan pengurusan tapak Warisan Dunia yang ada dan menerima pencalonan oleh negara.[2]

Sesi[3] Tahun Tarikh Negara hos
1 1977 27 June–1 July Perancis Paris
2 1978 5 September–8 September Amerika Syarikat Washington, D.C.
3 1979 22 October–26 October Mesir Cairo & Luxor
4 1980 1 September–5 September Perancis Paris
5 1981 26 October–30 October Australia Sydney
6 1982 13 December–17 December Perancis Paris
7 1983 5 December–9 December Itali Florence
8 1984 29 October–2 November Argentina Buenos Aires
9 1985 2 December–6 December Perancis Paris
10 1986 24 November–28 November Perancis Paris
11 1987 7 December–11 December Perancis Paris
12 1988 5 December–9 December Brazil Brasília
13 1989 11 December–15 December Perancis Paris
14 1990 7 December–12 December Kanada Banff
15 1991 9 December–13 December Tunisia Carthage
16 1992 7 December–14 December Amerika Syarikat Santa Fe
17 1993 6 December–11 December Colombia Cartagena
18 1994 12 December–17 December Thailand Phuket
19 1995 4 December–9 December Jerman Berlin
20 1996 2 December–7 December Mexico Mérida
21 1997 1 December–6 December Itali Naples
22 1998 30 November–5 December Jepun Kyoto
23 1999 29 November–4 December Maghribi Marrakech
24 2000 27 November–2 December Australia Cairns
25 2001 11 December–16 December Finland Helsinki
26 2002 24 June–29 June Hungary Budapest
27 2003 30 June–5 July Perancis Paris
28 2004 28 June–7 July Republik Rakyat China Suzhou
29 2005 10 July–17 July Afrika Selatan Durban
30 2006 8 July–16 July Lithuania Vilnius
31 2007 23 June–1 July New Zealand Christchurch
32 2008 2 July–10 July Kanada Quebec City
33 2009 22 June–30 June Sepanyol Seville
34 2010 25 July–3 August Brazil Brasília
35 2011 19 June–29 June Perancis Paris
36 2012 25 June–5 July Rusia Saint Petersburg
37 2013 17 June–27 June Kemboja Phnom Penh
38 2014 15 June–25 June Qatar Doha
39 2015 28 June–8 July Jerman Bonn
40 2016 10 July–20 July Turki Istanbul
41 2017 2 July–12 July Poland Kraków
42 2018 24 June–4 July Bahrain Manama
43 2019 30 June–10 July Azerbaijan Baku

Ahli[sunting | sunting sumber]

Ahli Jawatankuasa Warisan Dunia UNESCO
Negeri ahli[4] Mandat
 Angola 2015–2019
 Australia 2017–2021
 Azerbaijan 2015–2019
 Bahrain 2017–2021
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2017–2021
 Brazil8 2017–2021
 Burkina Faso 2015–2019
 China 2017–2021
 Cuba 2015–2019
 Guatemala 2017–2021
 Hungary 2017–2021
 Indonesia 2015–2019
 Kuwait 2015–2019
 Kyrgyzstan 2017–2021
 Norway 2017–2021
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 2017–2021
 Spain 2017–2021
 Tunisia 2015–2019
 Tanzania 2015–2019
 Uganda 2017–2021
 Zimbabwe 2015–2019
Jumlah 21

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ According to the UNESCO World Heritage website, States Parties are countries that signed and ratified The World Heritage Convention. As of March 2013, there were a total of 190 State Parties.
  2. ^ a b c d "The World Heritage Committee". UNESCO World Heritage Site. Dicapai 2006-10-14. 
  3. ^ "Sessions". UNESCO World Heritage Site. 
  4. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "UNESCO World Heritage Centre – 40th session of the Committee". whc.unesco.org. Dicapai 27 March 2018. 

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