George Stigler

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George Joseph Stigler (/ˈstɪɡlər/; 17 Januari 1911 – 1 Disember 1991) ialah seorang ahli ekonomi Amerika, pemenang tahun 1982 dalam Hadiah Peringatan Nobel dalam Sains Ekonomi dan pemimpin utama Sekolah Ekonomi Chicago.

Kehidupan awal dan pendidikan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Stigler dilahirkan di Seattle, Washington, anak lelaki Elsie Elizabeth (Hungler) dan Joseph Stigler.[1] Beliau ialah keturunan Jerman dan fasih berbahasa Jerman pada zaman kanak-kanaknya.[2] Beliau lulus dari Universiti Washington pada tahun 1931 dengan BA dan kemudian menghabiskan setahun di Northwestern University dari mana dia memperoleh MBA pada tahun 1932. Semasa pengajiannya di Northwestern, Stigler mengembangkan minat dalam bidang ekonomi dan memutuskan kerjaya akademik.[3]

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • ([1941] 1994). Production and Distribution Theories: The Formative Period. New York: Macmillan. Preview.
  • (1961). "The Economics of Information," Journal of Political Economy, 69(3), pp. 213–25
  • (1962a). "Information in the Labor Market." Journal of Political Economy, 70(5), Part 2, pp. 94–105
  • (1962b). The Intellectual and the Marketplace. Selected Papers, no. 3. Chicago: University of Chicago Graduate School of Business. Reprinted in Sigler (1986), pp. 79–88
  • (1963). (With Paul Samuelson) "A Dialogue on the Proper Economic Role of the State." Selected Papers, no. 7. pp. 3–20. Chicago: University of Chicago Graduate School of Business
  • (1963). Capital and Rates of Return in Manufacturing Industries. National Bureau of Economic Research, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press
  • (1965). Essays in the History of Economics. University of Chicago Press. 1965. 
  • (1968). The Organization of Industry. Homewood, IL: Richard D. Irwin
  • (1970). (With J.K. Kindahl) The Behavior of Industrial Prices. National Bureau of Economic Research, New York: Columbia University Press
  • (1971). "The Theory of Economic Regulation." Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science, no. 3, pp. 3–18
  • (1975). Citizen and the State: Essays on Regulation
  • (1982). "The Process and Progress of Economics," Nobel Memorial Lecture, 8 December (with bibliography)
  • (1982). The Economist as Preacher, and Other Essays. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
  • (1983). The Organization of Industry
  • (1985). Memoirs of an Unregulated Economist. University of Chicago Press. 2003. ISBN 978-0-226-77440-4.  autobiography
  • (1986). The Essence of Stigler, K.R. Leube and T.G. Moore, ed. Scroll or page-arrow to respective essays. ISBN 0-8179-8462-3
  • (1987). The Theory of Price, Fourth Edition. New York: Macmillan
  • (1988). ed. Chicago Studies in Political Economy

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ National Academy of Sciences; Office of the Home Secretary (1 May 1999). Biographical Memoirs. National Academies Press. m/s. 342–. ISBN 978-0-309-06434-7. 
  2. ^ Sowell, Thomas (1996), Migrations and Cultures: A World View, New York: Basic Books, m/s. 82, ...it may be indicative of how long German cultural ties endured [in the United States] that the German language was spoken in childhood by such disparate twentieth-century American figures as famed writer H. L. Mencken, baseball stars Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig, and by the Nobel Prize-winning economist George Stigler. 
  3. ^ Milton Friedman (1992). "George Joseph Stigler January 17, 1911 – December 1, 1991," Biographical Memoirs. National Academy of Sciences.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Diamond, Arthur M., Jr. (2005). "Measurement, Incentives, and Constraints in Stigler's Economics of Science." The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought 12, no. 4637–63.
  • Freedman, Craig (2003). "Do Great Economists Make Great Teachers? George Stigler as a Dissertation Supervisor," Journal of Economic Education, 34(3), pp. 282–90.
  • Friedman, Milton (1993). "George Stigler: A Personal Reminiscence," Journal of Political Economy 101(5) pp. 768–73.
  • _____ (1998). "George J. Stigler, 1911–1991. A Biographical Memoir.
  • Hammond, J. Daniel, and Claire H. Hammond, ed. (2006). Making Chicago Price Theory: Friedman–Stigler Correspondence, 1945–1957. Routledge. 165 pp. ISBN 0-415-70078-7.
  • Levy, David M., and Sandra J. Peart. (2008). "Stigler, George Joseph (1911–1991)." The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd Edition. Abstract.
  • Palda, Filip (2016). A Better Kind of Violence: Chicago Political Economy, Public Choice, and the Quest for an Ultimate Theory of Power. Cooper-Wolfling Publishers. ISBN 978-0-9877880-7-8.
  • Steelman, Aaron (2008). "Stigler, George J. (1911–1991)". dalam Hamowy, Ronald. The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism. The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE; Cato Institute. m/s. 492–93. doi:10.4135/9781412965811.n299. ISBN 978-1-4129-6580-4. LCCN 2008009151. OCLC 750831024. 
  • The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics (1987):
  • "Stigler, George Joseph" by Peter Newman, v. 4, p. 498.
  • "Stigler as an historian of economic thought" by Thomas Sowell, v. 4, pp. 498–99.
  • "Stigler's contribution to microeconomics and industrial organization," by Richard Schmalensee, v. 4, pp. 499–500

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]