Hadiah Peringatan Nobel dalam Sains Ekonomi

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Hadiah Peringatan Nobel dalam Sains Ekonomi (secara rasminya Bahasa Sweden: Sveriges riksbanks pris i ekonomisk vetenskap till Alfred Nobels minne, atau Swedish National Bank's Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel), atau lebih biasa merujuk kepada Hadiah Nobel dalam Ekonomi,[1] merupakan anugerah untuk sumbangan cemerlang dalam bidang ekonomi, dan secara umumnya dianggap sebagai penghargaan yang paling berprestij untuk bidang itu.[2]

Hadiah ini telah diwujudkan pada tahun 1968 oleh sumbangan dari bank pusat Sweden iaitu Bank Negara Sweden, sempena sambutan ulangtahunnya yang ke-300.[3][4][5] Walaupun hadiah ini bukanlah salah satu kategori hadiah yang diperkenalkan oleh Alfred Nobel dalam wasiatnnya pada tahun 1895, namun ia tetap dirujuk bersama-sama Hadiah Nobel yang lain oleh Yayasan Nobel.[6] Penerima-penerima hadiah ini akan diumumkan bersama pemenang Hadiah Nobel yang lain serta dianugerahkan dalam majlis yang sama.[2]

Penerima Hadiah Nobel dalam Ekonomi ini dipilih oleh Akademi Sains Diraja Sweden.[7][8] Ia pertama kali telah diperkenalkan pada tahun 1969 dan diberikan kepada ahli ekonomi Belanda dan Norway, Jan Tinbergen dan Ragnar Frisch, "kerana telah membangunkan dan menggunakan model dinamik untuk analisis proses ekonomi".[5][9][10]

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  1. ^ Hird., John A. (2005). Power, Knowledge, and Politics. American governance and public policy. Georgetown University Press. m/s. 33. ISBN 978-1-58901-048-2. OCLC 231997210. the Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, commonly referred to as the Nobel Prize in Economics 
  2. ^ a b "Nobel Prize". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Dicapai 14 November 2007. An additional award, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, was established in 1968 by the Bank of Sweden with a grant to the Nobel Foundation, and was first awarded in 1970. Thus, its laureates are announced with the Nobel Prize recipients, and the Prize in Economic Sciences is presented at the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony. 
  3. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel". Sveriges Riksbank. Dicapai 12 December 2012. Sveriges Riksbank’s Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel was established with a donation to the Nobel Foundation in connection with the Riksbank’s 300th anniversary in 1968. 
  4. ^ "The Nobel Prize". Yayasan Nobel. Diarkibkan daripada original pada 4 April 2006. Dicapai 7 November 2007. In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank established The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize. 
  5. ^ a b "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel". Yayasan Nobel. Diarkibkan daripada original pada 4 April 2006. Dicapai 7 November 2007. In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank (Sweden's central bank) established this Prize in memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize. 
  6. ^ "Organization Structure: Spreading Information About the Nobel Prize". Yayasan Nobel. Dicapai 2014-11-26. 
  7. ^ "Statutes for The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel approved by the Crown on the 19th day of December 1968". Yayasan Nobel. Diarkibkan daripada original pada 4 April 2006. Dicapai 16 November 2007. In celebration of the Tercentenary of Sveriges Riksbank, the Bank has instituted a prize in economic sciences in memory of Alfred Nobel. ... The Prize shall be awarded annually to a person who has written a work on economic sciences of the eminent significance expressed in the will of Alfred Nobel drawn up on November 27, 1895. ... The Prize shall be awarded by the Royal Academy of Sciences in accordance with the rules governing the award of the Nobel Prizes instituted through his will. 
  8. ^ "Nominating and awarding", in "Prize in Economic Sciences", Akademi Sains Diraja Sweden. Retrieved July 04, 2017.
  9. ^ Jan Tinbergen (2007). Encyclopædia Britannica http://www.britannica.com/ebc/article-9380801. Dicapai 16 November 2007.  Missing or empty |title= (bantuan)
  10. ^ Ragnar Frisch (2007). Encyclopædia Britannica http://www.britannica.com/ebc/article-9364984. Dicapai 16 November 2007.  Missing or empty |title= (bantuan)

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