Paul Romer

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Paul Michael Romer (dilahirkan pada 6 November 1955) ialah seorang ahli ekonomi Amerika, perintis teori pertumbuhan endogen, dan seorang penerima Hadiah Nobel dalam bidang Sains Ekonomi 2018. Beliau menerima hadiah "untuk mengintegrasikan inovasi teknologi ke dalam analisis makroekonomi jangka panjang". [1]

Romer adalah Ketua Ekonomi dan Naib Presiden Kanan Bank Dunia sehingga beliau meletak jawatan pada Januari 2018 berikutan kontroversi yang timbul daripada tuntutannya kemungkinan manipulasi politik terhadap kedudukan "mudah menjalankan perniagaan" Chile.[2][3] Beliau telah bercuti dari jawatannya sebagai profesor ekonomi di Stern School of Business di New York University.[4]

Sebelum Universiti New York, Romer adalah seorang profesor ekonomi di Universiti Chicago, Universiti California, Berkeley, Sekolah Perniagaan Siswazah Universiti Stanford, dan Universiti Rochester.[5][6] Di samping itu, beliau adalah rakan senior di Pusat Pembangunan Antarabangsa Stanford, Institut Penyelidikan Dasar Institut Stanford, Institut Hoover, dan juga rakan sejawat di Pusat Pembangunan Global.[5][7]

Penerbitan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • "Growth Cycles", with George Evans and Seppo Honkapohja (American Economic Review, June 1998). JSTOR 116846
  • "Preferences, Promises, and the Politics of Entitlement" (Individual and Social Responsibility: Child Care, Education, Medical Care, and Long-Term Care in America, Victor R. Fuchs (ed.), Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995).
  • "New Goods, Old Theory, and the Welfare Costs of Trade Restrictions," Journal of Development Economics, No. 43 (1994), pp. 5–38.
  • "Looting: The Economic Underworld of Bankruptcy for Profit" with George Akerlof (Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 2, William C. Brainard and George L. Perry (eds.), 1993, pp. 1–74). JSTOR 2534564
  • "Economic Integration and Endogenous Growth," with Luis Rivera-Batiz (Quarterly Journal of Economics CVI, May 1991, pp. 531–55). JSTOR 2937946
  • "Endogenous Technological Change" (Journal of Political Economy, October 1990). JSTOR 2937632
  • "Increasing Returns and Long Run Growth" (Journal of Political Economy, October 1986). JSTOR 1833190
  • "Cake Eating, Chattering and Jumps: Existence Results for Variational Problems" (Econometrica 54, July 1986, pp. 897–908). JSTOR 1912842

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "The Prize in Economic Sciences 2018 Press Release" (PDF). Nobelprize.org. October 8, 2018. 
  2. ^ Donnan, Shawn (January 25, 2018). "Outspoken World Bank chief economist Paul Romer exits: Emails reveal clashes over issues ranging from grammar to methodology". Financial Times. 
  3. ^ "World Bank economist Paul Romer quits after Chile comments". Reuters. 24 January 2018. Dicapai 8 October 2018. 
  4. ^ "N.Y.U. Lands Top Economist for Cities Project". New York Times. 2011-05-27. Dicapai 2011-05-27. 
  5. ^ a b "CV (PAUL M. ROMER)" (PDF). 
  6. ^ "Paul Romer". paulromer.net (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai 2018-10-08. 
  7. ^ "Risk and Return". Hoover Digest. No. 2. 1996. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 2012-08-02. 

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