Neil deGrasse Tyson

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Neil deGrasse Tyson
Neil deGrasse Tyson - NAC Nov 2005.jpg
At the NASA Advisory Council in Washington, D.C., November 2005
Lahir (1958-10-05) 5 Oktober 1958 (umur 59)
The Bronx, New York City, Amerika Syarikat
Kediaman Manhattan, New York City, Amerika Syarikat
Kerakyatan Amerika Syarikat
Warganegara Amerika Syarikat
Bidang Astrophysics, Physical cosmology, Popularization of science
Institusi Hayden Planetarium, PBS, Planetary Society
Pusat pendidikan

B.A. Fizik, Kolej Harvard M.A. Astronomi, University of Texas at Austin

Ph.D Astrofizik, Columbia University
Pengaruh Isaac Newton, Carl Sagan, Fred Hess
Anugerah utama NASA Distinguished Service Medal

Neil deGrasse Tyson (lahir Oktober 5 1958 di New York City) ialah ahli astro fizik dan, sejak 1996, Pengarah Frederick P. Rose Hayden Planetarium di Muzium Amerika Syarikat Sejarah Semula Jadi di Manhattan Upper West Side. Sejak 2006, dia menghoskan rancangan televisyen pendidikan PBS NOVA scienceNOW.

Kehidupan peribadi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tyson tinggal di Lower Manhattan bersama isterinya, Alice Young. Mereka mempunyai dua orang anak iaitu Miranda dan Travis.[1][2] Tyson bertemu isterinya dalam kelas fizik di University of Texas di Austin. Mereka berkahwin pada tahun 1988 dan menamakan anak sulung mereka Miranda, sempena lima bulan Uranus yang paling kecil.[3] Tyson adalah peminat wain yang koleksinya dipaparkan dalam edisi Mei 2000 daripada ''Wine Spectator'' dan isu Musim Bunga 2005 ''The World of Fine Wine''.[4]

Pengiktirafan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Senarai anugerah yang diterima oleh Tyson:[5]

Anugerah[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 2001 Medal of Excellence, Columbia University, New York City
  • 2004 NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal
  • 2005 Science Writing Award
  • 2007 Klopsteg Memorial Award winner
  • 2009 Douglas S. Morrow Public Outreach Award from the Space Foundation for significant contributions to public awareness of space programs
  • 2009 Isaac Asimov Award from the American Humanist Association[6]
  • 2014 Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Reality Show Host
  • 2014 Dunlap Prize[7]
  • 2015 Public Welfare Medal from the National Academy of Sciences[8]
  • 2015 Cosmos Award, Planetary Society
  • 2017 Hubbard Medal, National Geographic Society[9]
  • 2017 Stephen Hawking Medal for Science and Communication, Starmus[10]

Penghargaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 2000 Sexiest Astrophysicist Alive, People magazine[11]
  • 2001 asteroid named: 13123 Tyson, renamed from Asteroid 1994KA by the International Astronomical Union
  • 2001 The Tech 100, voted by editors of Crain's Magazine to be among the 100 most influential technology leaders in New York
  • 2004 Fifty Most Important African-Americans in Research Science[12]
  • 2007 Harvard 100: Most Influential, Harvard Alumni magazine, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 2007 The Time 100, voted by the editors of Time magazine as one of the 100 most influential persons in the world[13]
  • 2008 Discover Magazine selected him as one of "The 10 Most Influential People in Science"[14]

Doktor kehormat[sunting | sunting sumber]

Filemografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Tajuk Peranan Catatan
2006–2011 Nova ScienceNow Hos Siri TV
2007 The Universe Dirinya sendiri Dokumentari
2010 NOVA Hos Episod: "The Pluto Files"
2012 The Inexplicable Universe: Unsolved Mysteries Dirinya sendiri Siri ceramah 6-bahagian dari Kursus Besar[15]
2014 Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey Hos/suara latar Dokumentari
2015–kini StarTalk Hos Siri TV
2016 Food Evolution Suara latar Documentari

Kemunculan lain[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Tajuk Peranan Catatan
2008 Stargate: Atlantis Dirinya sendiri Episod: "Brain Storm"[16]
2010 The Big Bang Theory Dirinya sendiri Episod: "The Apology Insufficiency"
2012 Martha Speaks Dirinya sendiri Episod: "Eyes on the Skies"
2014 Gravity Falls Waddles the pig Episod: "Little Gift Shop of Horrors"[17]
2015 Brooklyn Nine-Nine Dirinya sendiri Episod: "The Swedes"[18]
2016 Family Guy Dirinya sendiri Episod: "Scammed Yankees"
2016 Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice Dirinya sendiri Filem adiwira
2016 Lazer Team Dirinya sendiri Filem komedi
2016 Ice Age: Collision Course Neil deBuck Weasel Filem animasi
2016 Zoolander 2 Dirinya sendiri Filem komedi
2016 BoJack Horseman Suara latar planetarium Episod: "That's Too Much, Man!"
2016 100 Things to Do Before High School Dirinya sendiri Episod: "Meet Your Idol Thing!"
2016 Future-Worm! Dirinya sendiri Episod: "Long Live Captain Cakerz!"
2016 The Jim Gaffigan Show Dirinya sendiri Episod: "Jim at the Museum"
2016 Regular Show Dirinya sendiri Episod: "Terror Tales of The Park VI"
2016 Mars Dirinya sendiri Siri TV mini
2017 The Simpsons Dirinya sendiri Episod: "Caper Chase"
2017 Futurama: Worlds of Tomorrow Dirinya sendiri Permainan aplikasi mudah alih

Diskografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Senarai penampilan tetamu bukan single, dengan artis lain, menunjukkan tahun yang dikeluarkan dan nama album
Tajuk Tahun Artist Album
"Exist"[19] 2016 Avenged Sevenfold The Stage
"AfricAryaN"[20][21][22] 2017 Logic Everybody

Karya[sunting | sunting sumber]

Senarai karya oleh Tyson:[23]

Buku[sunting | sunting sumber]

Penerbitan penyelidikan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Twarog, Bruce A.; Tyson, Neil D. (1985). "UVBY Photometry of Blue Stragglers in NGC 7789". Astronomical Journal 90: 1247. doi:10.1086/113833.
  • Tyson, Neil D.; Scalo, John M. (1988). "Bursting Dwarf Galaxies: Implications for Luminosity Function, Space Density, and Cosmological Mass Density". Astrophysical Journal 329: 618. doi:10.1086/166408.
  • Tyson, Neil D. (1988). "On the possibility of Gas-Rich Dwarf Galaxies in the Lyman-alpha Forest". Astrophysical Journal (Letters) 329: L57. doi:10.1086/185176.
  • Tyson, Neil D.; Rich, Michael (1991). "Radial Velocity Distribution and Line Strengths of 33 Carbon Stars in the Galactic Bulge". Astrophysical Journal 367: 547. doi:10.1086/169651.
  • Tyson, Neil D.; Gal, Roy R. (1993). "An Exposure Guide for Taking Twilight Flatfields with Large Format CCDs". Astronomical Journal 105: 1206. doi:10.1086/116505.
  • Tyson, Neil D.; Richmond, Michael W.; Woodhams, Michael; Ciotti, Luca (1993). "On the Possibility of a Major Impact on Uranus in the Past Century". Astronomy & Astrophysics (Research Notes) 275: 630.
  • Schmidt, B. P., et al. (1994). "The Expanding Photosphere Method Applied to SN1992am at cz = 14600 km/s". Astronomical Journal 107: 1444.
  • Wells, L. A. et al. (1994). "The Type Ia Supernova 1989B in NGC3627 (M66)". Astronomical Journal 108: 2233. doi:10.1086/117236.
  • Hamuy, M. et al. (1996). "BVRI Light Curves For 29 Type Ia Supernovae". Astronomical Journal 112: 2408. doi:10.1086/118192.
  • Lira, P. et al. (1998). "Optical light curves of the Type IA supernovae SN 1990N and 1991T". Astronomical Journal 116: 1006. doi:10.1086/300175.
  • Scoville, N. et al. (2007). "The Cosmic Evolution Survey (COSMOS): Overview". Astrophysical Journal Supplement 172: 1. doi:10.1086/516585.
  • Scoville, N. et al. (2007). "COSMOS: Hubble Space Telescope Observations". Astrophysical Journal Supplement 172: 38. doi:10.1086/516580.
  • Liu, C. T.; Capak, P.; Mobasher, B.; Paglione, T. A. D.; Scoville, N. Z.; Tribiano, S. M.; Tyson, N. D. (2008). "The Faint-End Slopes of Galaxy Luminosity Functions in the COSMOS Field". Astrophysical Journal Letters 672: 198. doi:10.1086/522361.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Profile on Official Tyson website". Haydenplanetarium.org. Dicapai pada February 3, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Dr Neil DeGrasse Tyson – TAM6", 2008, Vimeo, 38:33 mark; accessed March 4, 2011.
  3. ^ Rogers, Patrick (February 28, 2000) "Night Vision". People.com; retrieved 2014-14-02.
  4. ^ "Magazine Archives: May 31, 2000". Wine Spectator. Dicapai pada October 28, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Curriculum Vitae". Hayden Planetarium (2015). Retrieved 2015-10-28.
  6. ^ "Assorted Honors". Hayden Planetarium. Diarkibkan daripada original pada 2010-01-11. 
  7. ^ http://dunlap.utoronto.ca/about/dunlap-prize/ Dunlap Prize
  8. ^ "Feb 26, 2015: Neil deGrasse Tyson to Receive Public Welfare Medal". nasonline.org. 
  9. ^ "High Honors". National Geographic. jil. 232 no. 1. July 2017. m/s. 152. 
  10. ^ "Stephen Hawking medal for science and communication". Starmus. Dicapai pada 6 September 2017. 
  11. ^ "Neil De Grasse Tyson: Sexiest Astrophysicist". People Magazine. 54 (20). November 13, 2000. Dicapai pada December 16, 2011. 
  12. ^ "50 Of the Most Inspiring African Americans" (ed. Patricia Hinds), 2002, Essence Books (New York), p. 145.
  13. ^ Michael D. Lemonick (May 3, 2007). "Neil deGrasse Tyson". The Time 100. Dicapai pada June 7, 2009. 
  14. ^ Kruglinski, Susan; Long, Marion (November 26, 2008). "The 10 Most Influential People in Science". Discover magazine. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
  15. ^ "The Inexplicable Universe: Unsolved Mysteries". Thegreatcourses.com. Dicapai pada 2014-03-12. 
  16. ^ "Neil deGrasse Tyson". IMDb. Dicapai pada 2016-01-27. 
  17. ^ Joseph C. Lin. "First Look Of Neil deGrasse Tyson Voicing A Pig In Gravity Falls". TIME.com. 
  18. ^ Kimberly, Truong. "Neil deGrasse Tyson will tutor Chelsea Peretti on 'Brooklyn Nine-Nine". Mashable. Dicapai pada December 7, 2015. 
  19. ^ Epstein, Dan (28 October 2016). "Avenged Sevenfold Talk Wild New AI-Themed LP, Neil deGrasse Tyson Cameo". RollingStone. Rolling Stone. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 18 March 2017. 
  20. ^ Hernandez, Victoria (10 April 2017). "Logic Releases "Everybody" Album Tracklist With Array Of Guest Features". HIPHOPDX. HipHopDX. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 13 April 2017. 
  21. ^ Berry, Peter A. (11 April 2017). "Here's the Tracklist for Logic's New Album 'Everybody'". XXL. XXL. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 13 April 2017. 
  22. ^ Renshaw, David (11 April 2017). "Logic Has Recruited Juicy J, Khalid, And Neil deGrasse Tyson For His New Album". Fader. The Fader. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 13 April 2017. 
  23. ^ "Curriculum Vitae, HaydenPlanetarium.org; retrieved May 16, 2014.

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