Asia Barat

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Asia Barat[1]

Asia Barat, Barat Asia, Asia Barat Daya atau Barat Daya Asia adalah istilah yang memperincikan bahagian paling barat di benua Asia. Ia bersepadan dengan Timur Tengah - yang mana memperincikan kedudukan geografi dalam hubungan dengan Eropah Barat dan bukannya kedudukan di dalam Asia. Di sebabkan pemikiran Eurosentrisme, pertubuhan antarabangsa seperti Pertubuhan Bangsa Bersatu,[2] mengantikan Timur Tengah dan Timur Dekat dengan istilah Asia Barat. Kawasan ini dan benua Eropah secara kolektifnya dirujuk sebagai Eurasia Barat.

Negara-negara di Asia Barat[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kawasan di Asia seperti diperincikan oleh PBB: ██ Asia Utara ██ Asia Tengah ██ Asia Barat ██ Asia Selatan ██ Asia Timur ██ Asia Tenggara

Negara dan jajahan di Asia Barat berdasarkan kepada Sub-kawasan PBB, disenaraikan seperti berikut:

Meskipun tidak dimasukkan ke dalam sub-kawasan Asia Barat oleh PBB, Iran biasanya termasuk di dalam Asia Barat, dan kadang kala Afghanistan dan Mesir (yang mana memiliki beberapa wilayah di Asia) dimasukkan dalam definasi yang lebih luas bagi "Asia Barat". Diingatkan juga bahawa Afghanistan boleh dianggap Asia Tengah[3][4], Asia Selatan,[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18] atau Asia Barat.[19]

Data wilayah dan kawasan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Negara, dengan bendera Luas
(km²)
Penduduk
(2009)
Kepadatan
(per km²)
Ibu negara Nominal GDP
(2009/10)
Per kapita
(2009/10)
Matawang Kerajaan Bahasa rasmi
Anatolia:
 Turkey1 783,562 72,561,312 95 Ankara $615.33 bilion $8,723 Lira Turki Republik berparlimen Turki
Semenanjung Arab:
 Bahrain 665 791,000 1,189 Manama $19.4 bilion $19,455 Dinar Bahrain Raja berperlembagaan Arab
 Kuwait 17,820 3,100,000 174 Kota Kuwait $156.31 bilion $57,482 Dinar Kuwait Raja berperlembagaan Arab
 Oman 212,460 3,200,000 15 Muscat $52.3 bilion $18,013 Rial Oman Raja mutlak Arab
 Qatar 11,437 1,409,000 123 Doha $92.5 bilion $68,871 Riyal Qatar Raja mutlak Arab
 Arab Saudi 1,960,582 28,686,633 15 Riyadh $438.01 bilion $16,778 Riyal Saudi Raja mutlak Arab
 Emiriah Arab Bersatu 82,880 6,888,888 8 Abu Dhabi $229.97 bilion $46,857 Dirham UAE Raja berperlembagaan persekutuan Arab
 Yaman 527,970 23,580,000 45 Sana'a $26.2 bilion $1,061 Rial Yaman Republik berperlembagaan Arab
Kaucasus:
 Armenia 29,800 3,245,900 109 Yerevan $8.71 bilion $2,667 Dram Armenia Republik berpresiden Armenia
 Azerbaijan 86,600 8,922,000 103 Baku $43.11 bilion $4,807 Manat Azerbaijan Republik berpresiden Azerbaijan
 Georgia 69,700 4,385,841 63 Tbilisi $10.74 bilion $2,448 Lari Georgia Republik separuh berpresiden Georgia
Levant:
 Cyprus 9,250 801,622 90 Nicosia $23.2 bilion $29,619 Euro Republik berpresiden Greek, Turki
 Iraq 438,317 31,234,000 71 Baghdad $70.1 bilion $2,200 Dinar Iraq Republik berparlimen Arab, Kurdis
 Israel 20,770 7,509,000 361 Tel Aviv-Yafo $194.83 bilion $26,100 Sheqel Israel Republik Demokrasi berparlimen Ibrani, Arab
 Jordan 92,300 6,318,677 68 Amman $22.93 bilion $3,828 Dinar Jordan Raja berperlembagaan Arab
 Lebanon 10,452 4,224,000 404 Beirut $37 bilion $9,479 Paun Lebanon Republik berparlimen Arab
 Palestine 6,220 4,148,000 667 Baitulmuqaddis $6.6 bilion $1,600 Paun Palestin Republik berpresiden Arab
 Syria 185,180 21,906,00 118 Damsyik $52.52 bilion $2,579 Paun Syria Republik berpresiden Arab
Penara Parsi:
 Afghanistan 647,500 31,889,923 49 Kabul $14 bilion $486 Afghani Afghanistan Republik Islam Dari Persia, Pashto
 Iran 1,648,195 74,196,000 45 Tehran $330.46 bilion $4,459 Rial Iran Republik Islam Parsi

Sumber:

Nota:

1 Angka-angka untuk Turki termasuk Thrace Timur, yang mana bukan sebahagian daripada Anatolia.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. National Geographic Style Manual
  2. United Nations Cartographic Section Web Site, United Nations Statistics Division
  3. The 2007 Middle East & Central Asia Politics, Economics,and Society Conference University of Utah.
  4. "Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East & Central Asia" May 2006, International Monetary Fund.
  5. CIA world factbook, Afghanistan - Geography (Location: Southern Asia)
  6. Center for South Asia Studies: University of California, Berkeley
  7. Center for South Asia Outreach UW-Madison
  8. Department of South Asia Studies: University of Pennsylvania
  9. South Asia: Data, Projects, and Research
  10. MAPS SHOWING GEOLOGY, OIL AND GAS FIELDS AND GEOLOGICAL PROVINCES OF SOUTH ASIA [1] Includes Afghanistan and Bhutan
  11. Afghanistan-Tajikistan Bridge Links Central, South Asia [2] Refers to Afghanistan as South Asian and Tajikistan as Central Asian
  12. University of Washington Jackson School of International Studies: The South Asia Center http://jsis.washington.edu/advise/catalog/soasia-b.html
  13. Syracruse University: The South Asia Center http://www.maxwell.syr.edu/moynihan/programs/sac/
  14. Center for South Asian Studies
  15. http://www.brandeis.edu/registrar/catalog/one-subject.php?subject_id=6550 this sources admits in certain contexts that Tibet and Afghanistan are South Asian
  16. Organization - Center for South Asian Studies - Oscar
  17. University of Hawaii at Manoa | South Asia Collection
  18. Rutgers, SAS South Asian Studies: - Home
  19. Ethnic Origin (247), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census

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