Pergi ke kandungan

Casablanca (filem)

Daripada Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas.
Casablanca
PengarahMichael Curtiz
Lakon layar
BerdasarkanEverybody Comes to Rick's oleh
Murray Burnett
Dihasilkan olehHal B. Wallis
Dibintangi
SinematografiArthur Edeson
Disunting olehOwen Marks
Muzik olehMax Steiner
Syarikat
penerbitan
Diedarkan olehWarner Bros. Pictures
Tarikh tayangan
  • 26 November 1942 (1942-11-26) (Hollywood Theatre)
  • 23 Januari 1943 (1943-01-23) (United States)
Masa tayangan
102 minit[2]
NegaraAmerika Syarikat
BahasaBahasa Inggeris
BajetUSD878,000[3]–$1 million[4][5]
Pecah panggungUSD3.7[6]–6.9 juta[4]

Casablanca merupakan sebuah filem drama sejarah Amerika Syarikat tahun 1942 arahan Michael Curtiz dibintangi oleh Humphrey Bogart dan Ingrid Bergman.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Ebert, Roger (September 15, 1996). "Great Movies: Casablanca". RogerEbert.com. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada August 11, 2015. Dicapai pada August 14, 2015. Bogart, Bergman and Paul Henreid were stars, and no better cast of supporting actors could have been assembled on the Warners lot than Peter Lorre, Sidney Greenstreet, Claude Rains and Dooley Wilson
  2. ^ "Casablanca (U)". Warner Bros. British Board of Film Classification. December 17, 1942. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada September 21, 2013. Dicapai pada September 20, 2013.
  3. ^ Schatz, Thomas (1999). Boom and Bust: American Cinema in the 1940s. University of California Press. m/s. 218. ISBN 9780520221307.
  4. ^ a b Warner Bros financial information in "The William Shaefer Ledger". See Appendix 1, Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television (1995) 15:sup 1, 1–31 p. 23 doi:10.1080/01439689508604551
  5. ^ "Casablanca". Box Office Mojo. Dicapai pada October 14, 2019.
  6. ^ "Top Grossers of the Season". Variety. January 5, 1944. m/s. 54. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada March 17, 2017.

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Behlmer, Rudy (1985). Inside Warner Bros. (1935–1951). London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-79242-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Casablanca (Two-Disc Special Edition DVD) (2003) (dengan komentar audio oleh Roger Ebert dan Rudy Behlmer and documentary Casablanca 50th Anniversary Special: You Must Remember This, narrated by Lauren Bacall).
  • Epstein, Julius J. (1994). Casablanca. Imprenta Glorias: Fifty Copies Conceived and Illustrated by Gloria Naylor.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Francisco, Charles (1980). You Must Remember This: The Filming of Casablanca. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-977058-5.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Gardner, Gerald (1988). The Censorship Papers: Movie Censorship Letters from the Hays Office, 1934 to 1968. New York: Dodd Mead. ISBN 0-396-08903-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Harmetz, Aljean (1992). Round Up the Usual Suspects: The Making of Casablanca—Bogart, Bergman, and World War II. Hyperion. ISBN 1-56282-761-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Koch, Howard (1973). Casablanca: Script and Legend. The Overlook Press. ISBN 0-87951-006-4.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Lebo, Harlan (1992). Casablanca: Behind the Scenes. Fireside. ISBN 0-671-76981-2.
  • McGilligan, Pat (1986). Backstory: Interviews with Screenwriters of Hollywood's Golden Age. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-05666-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Miller, Frank (1992). Casablanca – As Times Goes By: 50th Anniversary Commemorative. Turner Publishing Inc. ISBN 1-878685-14-7.
  • Robertson, James C. (1993). The Casablanca Man: The Cinema of Michael Curtiz London:Routledge. ISBN 0-415-06804-5
  • Rosenzweig, Sidney (1982). Casablanca and Other Major Films of Michael Curtiz. Ann Arbor, Mich.: UMI Research Press. ISBN 0-8357-1304-0

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]