Walter Model

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Walther Model
Walter Model October 1944.jpg
Generalfeldmarschall Walter Model
Nama gelaran "Bomba Hitler", "Pakar Pertahanan"
Tempat bersemadi tanah perkuburan Hürtgenwald-Vossenack (ditanam semula)
Kesetiaan
Jumlah tahun berkhidmat 1910–1945
Pangkat Fil Marsyal
Unit Panzer
Arahan
Pertempuran
Anugerah

Otto Moritz Walter Model (Sebutan bahasa Jerman: [ˈmoːdəl]) (24 Januari 1891 – 21 April 1945) ialah seorang Fil Marsyal (Generalfeldmarschall) Jerman semasa Perang Dunia Kedua.

Tarikh kenaikkan pangkat[sunting | sunting sumber]

Anugerah kebesaran[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Fil Marsyal dan Laksamana Besar Jerman

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Adair, Paul (1994). Hitler's Greatest Defeat: The Collapse of Army Group Centre, June 1944. London: Arms & Armour Press. ISBN 978-1-85409-232-8. 
  • Berger, Florian (2000) (dalam bahasa German). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges [With Oak Leaves and Swords. The Highest Decorated Soldiers of the Second World War]. Selbstverlag Florian Berger. m/s. 415. ISBN 978-3-9501307-0-6. 
  • Bradley, Dermot (1991). Generalfeldmarschall Walter Model Dokumentation eines Soldatenlebens. Biblio Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-1785-5. 
  • Carell, Paul (1966). Hitler Moves East, 1941–43. New York, NY: Bantam. 
  • Military Improvisations During the Russian Campaign. Washington, DC: United States Army Center of Military History. 1986. CMH Pub 104-1. http://www.history.army.mil/books/wwii/milimprov/fm.htm. Capaian 2007-07-12. 
  • Clark, Alan (1995). Barbarossa: The Russian-German Conflict 1941–45. London: Wiedenfeld and Nicolson. ISBN 978-0-297-81429-0. 
  • D'Este, Carlo (1989). "Model". In Barnett, Corelli. Hitler's Generals. London: Phoenix. ISBN 978-1-85799-285-4. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) (dalam bahasa German). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches]. Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Glantz, David M. (1999). Zhukov's Greatest Defeat: The Red Army's Epic Disaster in Operation Mars, 1942. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 978-0-7006-0944-4. 
  • Glantz, David M.; House, J. M. (1999). The Battle of Kursk. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 978-0-7006-0978-9. 
  • Hastings, Max (1984). Overlord: D-Day and the Battle for Normandy 1944. London: Pan McMillan. ISBN 978-0-333-59151-2. 
  • Kurowski, Franz (2003). Operation "Zitadelle" July 1943: The Decisive Battle of World War II. Winnipeg, Man: J J Fedorowicz. ISBN 978-0-921991-63-2. 
  • MacDonald, Charles B. (1963). The Battle of the Huertgen Forest. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott. 
  • von Mellenthin, Friedrich W. (1977). German Generals of World War II: As I Saw Them. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 978-0-8061-1406-4. 
  • Mitcham, Samuel W. (2001). Crumbling Empire: The German Defeat in the East, 1944. Westport, CT: Praeger. ISBN 978-0-275-96856-4. 
  • Mitcham, Samuel W. (2006). Panzers in Winter: Hitler's Army and the Battle of the Bulge. Westport, CT: Praeger. ISBN 978-0-275-97115-1. 
  • Newton, Steven H. (2002). Kursk: The German View. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo. ISBN 978-0-306-81150-0. 
  • Newton, Steven H. (2006). Hitler's Commander: Field Marshal Walter Model – Hitler's Favorite General. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo. ISBN 978-0-306-81399-3. 
  • Parker, Danny S. (1999). The Battle of the Bulge, The German View: Perspectives from Hitler's High Command. London: Greenhill. ISBN 978-1-85367-354-2. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007) (dalam bahasa German). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives]. Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Seaton, Albert (1971). The Battle for Moscow. New York, NY: Stein and Day. ISBN 978-0-8128-1364-7. 
  • Speidel, Hans (1950). Invasion 1944: Rommel and the Normandy Campaign. Chicago, IL: Regnery. 
  • Stein, Marcel (2001) (dalam bahasa German). Generalfeldmarschall Walter Model Legende und Wirklichkeit. Biblio Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2312-2. 
  • Toland, John (1966). The Last 100 Days. New York, NY: Random House. 
  • Whiting, Charles (1989). The battle of Hurtgen Forest: The Untold Story of a Disastrous Campaign. New York, NY: Orion. ISBN 978-0-517-56675-6. 
  • Young, Peter; Natkiel, R. (1973). Atlas of the Second World War. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. ISBN 978-0-297-76642-1. 
  • Zaloga, Steven (1996). Bagration 1944: The Destruction of Army Group Centre. London: Osprey. ISBN 978-1-85532-478-7. 
  • Zetterling, Niklas; Frankson, A. (2000). Kursk 1943: A Statistical Analysis. London: Cass. ISBN 978-0-7146-8103-0. 
  • Ziemke, Earl F. (1986). Stalingrad to Berlin: The German Defeat in the East. New York, NY: Dorset. ISBN 978-0-88029-059-3. 
  • Zimmermann, Bodo (1948). OB West: Command Relationships (1943–45): OCMH MS #B-308. Dept. of the Army, Historical Division. OCLC 30520411. 
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