Glastonbury Festival

Daripada Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas.
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Glastonbury Festival
Fail:Glastologo.png
Early Sunday afternoon crowd at the Pyramid (323784473).jpg
2005 Glastonbury Festival
GenreMusic festival
KekerapanMostly annually, with some fallow years.
LokasiPilton, Somerset, England
Tahun aktif49 years
Ditubuhkan19 September 1970 (1970-09-19)
PengasasMichael Eavis
Terkini26 Jun 2019 (2019-06-26) – 30 Jun 2019 (2019-06-30)
Acara seterusnya24 Jun 2020 (2020-06-24) – 28 Jun 2020 (2020-06-28)[1]
PesertaSee lineups
Kehadiran203,500 (2019)
For full attendance, see here
Dianjurkan olehGlastonbury Festivals Ltd.
Laman sesawang
glastonburyfestivals.co.uk

Festival Seni Persembahan Kontemporari Glastonbury (nama rasmi: Glastonbury Festival of Contemporary Performing Arts) ialah sebuah temasya seni kontemporari selama lima hari antaranya merangkumi pelbagai jenis seni (muzik kontemporari, tarian, komedi, sarkas dan sebagainya) terletak di sebuah lapangan besar di bandar Pilton, Somerset, England. Banyak artis pemuzik dalam genre pop dan rock tersohor telah muncul membuat persembahan di sini sehingga mendapat tumpuan dalam bentuk filem dokumentari dan album rakaman malah liputan langsung dari media televisyen dan akhbar.

Acara besar ini mula dibuka tahun 1970 oleh Michael Eavis dengan nama Pilton Festival, setelah terilham sambutan hebat konsert terbuka Led Zeppelin di Bath Festival of Blues and Progressive Music pada tahun tahun sama. Ia kemudiannya diadakan secara berkala sehingga 1981 di mana ia mula diadakan setiap tahun.

Ada tahun tertentu yang akan ditetapkan untuk tujuan rehat pada setiap lima tahun (fallow year - "tahun rang") untuk tujuan rehat para pengurus dan penduduk setempat serta membiarkan kawasan ini pulih untuk seketika - tahun rehat terakhir dilakukan pada 2018 sebelum acara tahunan seterusnya diteruskan pada 26 – 30 Jun 2019.[1] Ia kini dihadiri seramai 200,000 orang[2] lalu kepadatannya memerlukan infrakstruktur kuat dari segi keselamatan. pengangkutan serta bekalan air dan elektrik. Kebanyakan staf yang menguruskan temasya ini juga relawan untuk banyak badan kebajikan amal marih jutaan paun sterling ihsan para hadirin.[3]

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Susur masa acara[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Tarikh Bil. tiket terjual Artis utama Artis jemputan Bayaran kemasukan
1970 19 September 1,500[4] T.Rex (menggantikan The Kinks)[4] Steamhammer, Duster Bennett, Alan Bown, Wayne Fontana, Amazing Blondel, Marc Bolan, Keith Christmas, Al Stewart, Quintessence, Stackridge, £1[4]
1971 22–24 Jun 12,000[5] David Bowie[5] Joan Baez, Hawkwind, Melanie, Traffic, Fairport Convention, Quintessence, Pink Floyd (disenarai tapi tidak muncul).[6] Gratis[5]
1978 28–8 Julai 500[7] Tiada N/A
1979 21–23 Jun 12,000[8] Tim Blake · Peter Gabriel[8] Steve Hillage, The Alex Harvey Band, Sky and the Footsbarn Theatre £5[8]
1981 19–21 Jun 18,000[9] Hawkwind · Ginger Baker[10] New Order, Taj Mahal, Aswad, Gordon Giltrap, Judie Tzuke, John Cooper Clarke, Gong, Matumbi, Robert Hunter, Supercharge, Talisman, Tim Blake £8[9]
1982 18–20 Jun 25,000[10] Van Morrison · Jackson Browne[10] Judie Tzuke, Richie Havens, Aswad, Steel Pulse, Thompson Twins, John Cooper Clarke, Climax Blues Band, The Blues Band, Talisman, A Certain Ratio, David Rappaport, Alexei Sayle, Incubus, The Greatest Show on Legs, U2 (disenarai namun dibatalkan) £8[10]
1983 17–19 Jun 30,000[11] Curtis Mayfield · UB40[11] The Beat, Marillion, King Sunny Adé, The Chieftains, Tom Paxton, Dennis Brown, The Enid, Jean-Philippe Rykiel, Incantation, Alexei Sayle, Aswad, A Certain Ratio, Dr. John, Alexis Korner, Black Roots, Melanie, Kevin Brown £12[11]
1984 22–24 Jun 35,000[12] The Smiths · Weather Report · Black Uhuru[12] Ian Dury, Joan Baez, The Waterboys, Fela Kuti, General Public, Dr. John, Fairport Convention, Christy Moore, Brass Construction, The Staple Singers, Billy Bragg, Amazulu, Paul Brady, Steve Jolliffe, The Band (disenarai tapi tidak muncul) £13[12]
1985 21–23 Jun 40,000[13] Echo & the Bunnymen · Joe Cocker · The Boomtown Rats[13] The Style Council, King, Ian Dury and The Blockheads, Aswad, Joe Cocker, Nick Lowe, Third World, Gregory Isaacs, Hugh Masekela, Clannad, Midnight Oil, Misty in Roots, The Pogues, Robin Williamson, Big Sound Authority, Working Week, Alexi Sayle £16[13]
1986 20–22 Jun 60,000[14] The Cure · The Psychedelic Furs · Level 42[14] Simply Red, Madness, Ruby Turner, Amazulu, That Petrol Emotion, Howard Hughes, Rodney Allen, Lloyd Cole, Black Uhuru, The Wailers Band, Loudon Wainwright III, John Martyn, Latin Quarter, The Housemartins, The Waterboys, The Pogues, Level 42, Robert Cray Band, Christy Moore, Gil Scott-Heron, £17[14]
1987 19–21 Jun 60,000[15] Elvis Costello · Van Morrison · The Communards[15] New Order, The Robert Cray Band, Los Lobos, Ben E. King, Taj Mahal, Trouble Funk, Richard Thompson, Courtney Pine, Husker Du, Paul Brady, Men They Couldn't Hang, The Woodentops, The Mighty Lemon Drops, Misty in Roots, Michelle Shocked, World Party, Rodney Allen £21[15]
1989 16–18 Jun 65,000[16] Elvis Costello · Van Morrison · Suzanne Vega[16] All About Eve, The Bhundu Boys, Fairground Attraction, Hot House Flowers, Fela Anikulapo-Kuti, Mahlathini and the Mahotella Queens, Yossou N'Dour, Pixies, The Proclaimers, David Rudder, Throwing Muses, Alexei Sayle, Martin Stephenson and the Daintees, The Waterboys, Heathcote Williams, Womack & Womack, The Wonder Stuff, Flaco Jiménez, Lucinda Williams £28[16]
1990 22–24 Jun 70,000[17] The Cure · Happy Mondays · Sinéad O'Connor[17] Levellers, Ry Cooder dan David Lindley, The Neville Brothers, Aswad, Deacon Blue, Hot House Flowers, De La Soul, Jesus Jones, James, Mano Negra, Del Amitri, Green on Red, Blue Aeroplanes, Archaos, World Party £38[17]
1992 26–28 Jun 70,000[18] Carter USM · Shakespears Sister · Youssou N'Dour[18] Lou Reed, Blur, Primal Scream, Carter USM, Sawdoctors, PJ Harvey, Levellers, Buddy Guy, The Fall, The House of Love, Richard Thompson, Billy Bragg, Morrissey £49[18]
1993 25–27 Jun 80,000[19] The Black Crowes · Christy Moore · Lenny Kravitz (menggantikan Red Hot Chili Peppers)[19] The Velvet Underground, Primal Scream, The Kinks, Van Morrison, Nanci Griffith, The Orb, Galliano, Stereo MC's, Robert Plant, Alison Moyet, Baaba Maal, The Black Crowes, Ian Dury and The Blockheads, Green on Red, The Tragically Hip, Hot House Flowers, Sawdoctors, Barenaked Ladies, Wynton Marsalis, PM Dawn, Suede, Lindisfarne £58[19]
1994 24–26 Jun 80,000[20] Levellers · Elvis Costello · Peter Gabriel[20] Johnny Cash, Rage Against the Machine, Björk, Radiohead, Blur, Oasis, Orbital, Pulp, Saint Etienne, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds, Van Morrison, Jackson Browne, Dwight Yoakam, M People, Manic Street Preachers, The Pretenders, Beastie Boys, Radiohead, The Boo Radleys, Iris DeMent, Mary Black, John Hiatt £59[20]
1995 23–25 Jun 80,000[21] Oasis · Pulp (menggantikan The Stone Roses) · The Cure[21] The Offspring, Jeff Buckley, Page and Plant, The Prodigy, The Black Crowes, PJ Harvey, Soul Asylum, War, The Lightning Seeds, Ozric Tentacles, Senser, Spearhead, Jamiroquai, Everything but the Girl, Indigo Girls, Dave Matthews Band, Simple Minds, Tanita Tikaram, Sawdoctors, Bootleg Beatles, The Charlatans, The Flaming Lips, Weezer, The Verve £65[21]
1997 27–29 Jun 90,000[22] Radiohead · The Prodigy · Ash (menggantikan Steve Winwood)[22] The Smashing Pumpkins, Sting, Radiohead, Steve Winwood, Van Morrison, Sheryl Crow, Supergrass, Beck, Cast, Ocean Colour Scene, Dodgy, Billy Bragg, Nanci Griffith, Ray Davies, Levellers, Phish, Echo & the Bunnymen, Terrorvision, The Prodigy, Republica, Kula Shaker, The Chemical Brothers, Reef, Neneh Cherry, Jools Holland's Rhythm and Blues Orchestra, Shawn Colvin, Sharon Shannon, Beth Orton, Ani DiFranco, Neil Young (disenarai namun dibatalkan) £75[22]
1998 26–28 Jun 100,500[23] Primal Scream · Blur · Pulp[23] Bob Dylan, Robbie Williams, Foo Fighters, Tony Bennett, Tori Amos, The Chemical Brothers, Roni Size, James, Tricky, Sonic Youth, Stereophonics Portishead, The Jesus and Mary Chain, Underworld, Placebo, Deftones, The Divine Comedy, Ian Brown, Embrace £80[23]
1999 25–27 Jun 100,500[24] R.E.M. · Manic Street Preachers · Skunk Anansie[24] The Beautiful South, Coldplay, Muse, Hole, Ash, Blondie, Underworld, Fun Lovin' Criminals, Texas, Lenny Kravitz, Bush, The Corrs, Al Green, Joe Strummer, Barenaked Ladies, Eliza Carthy, Bjorn Again, Ian Dury and The Blockheads, Beth Orton, Billy Bragg, Delirious, Elliott Smith, Travis, Queens of the Stone Age, Lonnie Donegan, Suzanne Vega, Marianne Faithfull, Fatboy Slim £83[24]
2000 23–25 Jun 100,000[25] David Bowie · Travis · The Chemical Brothers[25] Muse, Coldplay, Cypress Hill, Pet Shop Boys, Ocean Colour Scene, The Chemical Brothers, Happy Mondays, Willie Nelson, Jools Holland, Wyclef Jean, Reef, Basement Jaxx, Burt Bacharach, Eagle-Eye Cherry, Sharon Shannon, The Wailers, Semisonic, Nine Inch Nails, Muse, Dandy Warhols, David Gray, Toploader, The Blue Aeroplanes, The Waterboys, Hot House Flowers, Suzanne Vega, Kate Rusby £87[25]
2002 28–30 Jun 140,000[26] Coldplay · Rod Stewart · Stereophonics[26] The White Stripes, Roger Waters, Rod Stewart. Isaac Hayes, Garbage, Manu Chao, Manu Chao, Rolf Harris, Mis-Teeq, Fatboy Slim, Faithless, Orbital, Air, Kosheen £97[26]
2003 27–29 Jun 150,000[27] R.E.M. · Radiohead · Moby[27] Manic Street Preachers, The Flaming Lips, Yes, Super Furry Animals, Primal Scream, Sugababes, David Gray, Doves, Feeder, The Coral, Supergrass, Turin Brakes, Idlewild, Suede, Sigur Rós, Damien Rice, Arthur Lee, De La Soul, Jimmy Cliff, The Damned, The Darkness, The Thrills, Tokyo Ska Paradise Orchestra, £105[27]
2004 25–27 Jun 150,000[28] Paul McCartney · Oasis · Muse[28] James Brown, Kings of Leon, Morrissey, Scissor Sisters, Franz Ferdinand, Goldfrapp £112[28]
2005 24–26 Jun 153,000[29] The White Stripes · Coldplay · Basement Jaxx (menggantikan Kylie Minogue)[29] The Killers, New Order, Primal Scream, Elvis Costello, Brian Wilson £125[29]
2007 22–24 Jun 135,000[30] Arctic Monkeys · The Killers · The Who[30] Adele, Arcade Fire, Arcadia Spectacular, Shirley Bassey, Björk, The Kooks, Amy Winehouse £145[30]
2008 27–29 Jun 134,000[31] Kings of Leon · Jay Z · The Verve[31] Levellers, Leonard Cohen, Neil Diamond, Amy Winehouse, John Mayer, Foals, Goldfrapp £155[31]
2009 26–28 Jun 135,000[32] Neil Young · Bruce Springsteen · Blur[32] Pendulum, Status Quo, The Prodigy, The Specials, Lady Gaga, The Black Eyed Peas, Crosby, Stills & Nash, Franz Ferdinand £175[32]
2010 25–27 Jun 135,000[33] Gorillaz (menggantikan U2) · Muse · Stevie Wonder[33] Scissor Sisters, Shakira, The Flaming Lips, Jackson Browne, Pet Shop Boys, Ray Davies, Thom Yorke (acara kejutan, bersama Jonny Greenwood), Billy Bragg, Hybrid. £185[33]
2011 24–26 Jun 135,000 U2 · Coldplay · Beyoncé B.B. King, Morrissey, Paul Simon, Wu-Tang Clan, Radiohead (acara kejutan), Pulp (acara kejutan), Primal Scream, The Wombles, Master Musicians of Joujouka, Paddy Nash (bersama Billy Bragg) £195
2013 28–30 Jun 135,000 Arctic Monkeys · The Rolling Stones · Mumford & Sons Dizzee Rascal, Ben Howard, Jake Bugg, Sir Bruce Forsyth, Primal Scream, Vampire Weekend, The Vaccines, Kenny Rogers, Beady Eye, Tame Impala, Hurts, Portishead, Billy Bragg, Skrillex (acara kejutan) £205
2014 27–29 Jun 135,000 Arcade Fire · Metallica · Kasabian Lily Allen, Arcadia Spectacular, The Black Keys, Blondie, Jake Bugg, Elbow, Dolly Parton, Goldfrapp, Imagine Dragons, Manic Street Preachers, Massive Attack, M.I.A., Pixies, Robert Plant, Lana Del Rey, Skrillex, Jack White, The Tuts, Billy Bragg £210
2015 24–28 Jun 135,000 Florence and the Machine[1] · Kanye West[34] · The Who Lionel Richie,[35] Motörhead,[36] Pharrell Williams, The Libertines, Paul Weller, Deadmau5, Alt-J, Paloma Faith, The Waterboys, George Ezra, Patti Smith, Thee Faction, The Chemical Brothers, Burt Bacharach, Enter Shikari, The Moody Blues, Billy Bragg, Jungle £225
2016 22–26 Jun 135,000 Muse · Adele · Coldplay[37][38] Jeff Lynne's ELO, PJ Harvey, Beck, Tame Impala, New Order, Foals, Ellie Goulding, Madness, Skepta, Disclosure, The 1975, The Last Shadow Puppets, Earth, Wind & Fire, Jake Bugg, Years & Years, ZZ Top, LCD Soundsystem, Bastille, Bring Me the Horizon, Wolf Alice, Damon Albarn, Cyndi Lauper, Gary Clark Jr., James, , Christine and the Queens, Billy Bragg, M83 £228
2017 21–25 Jun 135,000[39] Radiohead[40] · Foo Fighters[41] · Ed Sheeran[42] London Grammar, Biffy Clyro, Liam Gallagher, Katy Perry, Barry Gibb, The xx, The National, Lorde, Royal Blood, Goldfrapp, Stormzy, Chic, Major Lazer, Alt-J, Boy Better Know, The Jacksons, Kris Kristofferson, Laura Marling, Emeli Sandé, Dizzee Rascal, Solange, Run the Jewels, HAIM, Clean Bandit, George Ezra, Halsey, Busted, Elbow, First Aid Kit, Craig David, Jools Holland, Dua Lipa, Tove Lo, Jamie Cullum, Declan McKenna, Lucy Spraggan, Gabrielle Aplin, Kaiser Chiefs, Napalm Death, The Killers (acara kejutan), Toots and the Maytals, Billy Bragg £238
2019 26–30 Jun The Killers · The Cure · Stormzy Kylie Minogue, Janet Jackson, George Ezra, Liam Gallagher, Vampire Weekend, Lauryn Hill, Miley Cyrus, Bastille, Hozier, Sheryl Crow, Anne-Marie, Years & Years, Tom Odell, Carrie Underwood, Mavis Staples, Björn Again, The Proclaimers, Langa Methodist Church Choir, Tame Impala, The Chemical Brothers, Christine and the Queens, Jon Hopkins, Wu-Tang Clan, Janelle Monáe, Interpol, Sean Paul, The Streets, Cat Power, Hot Chip, Rex Orange County, Two Door Cinema Club, The Charlatans, The Lumineers, The BlundaBus, The Courteeners, Sigrid, Dave, Billie Eilish, Jorja Smith, Jungle, Kamasi Washington, Pale Waves, Luna Lake, Bugzy Malone, Friendly Fires, Babymetal, Lewis Capaldi, Pet Shop Boys, Keane, Mac DeMarco £248

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

1. menggantikan Foo Fighters.

Pengurusan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b "Glastonbury Confirms Details Of Next Festival". radiox.co.uk. 5 July 2019. 
  2. ^ "The Worlds's Biggest Music Festivals". Cnbc.com. 2011-03-24. Dicapai 2014-05-20. 
  3. ^ "Thousands of people descend on Worthy Farm for Glastonbury Festival". Bathchronicle.co.uk. 24 June 2015. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 12 July 2015. Dicapai 30 June 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c "1970 (19 September)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c "1971 (20–24 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  6. ^ Lachno, James. "Glastonbury 2013: Glastonbury through the years". Telegraph. Dicapai 5 July 2015. 
  7. ^ "1978 (28–8 July)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c "1979 (21–23 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  9. ^ a b "1981 (19–21 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c d "1982 (18–20 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  11. ^ a b c "1983 (17–19 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  12. ^ a b c "1984 (20–22 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  13. ^ a b c "1985 (21–23 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  14. ^ a b c "1986 (20–22 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  15. ^ a b c "1987 (19–21 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  16. ^ a b c "1989 (16–19 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  17. ^ a b c "1990 (22–24 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  18. ^ a b c "1992 (26–28 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  19. ^ a b c "1993 (25–27 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  20. ^ a b c "1994 (24–26 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  21. ^ a b c "1995 (23–25 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  22. ^ a b c "1997 (27–29 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  23. ^ a b c "1998 (26–28 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  24. ^ a b c "1999 (25–27 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  25. ^ a b c "2000 (23–25 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  26. ^ a b c "2002 (28–30 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  27. ^ a b c "2003 (27–29 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  28. ^ a b c "2004 (25–27 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  29. ^ a b c "2005 (24–26 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  30. ^ a b c "2007 (22–24 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  31. ^ a b c "2008 (27–29 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  32. ^ a b c "2009 (24–28 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  33. ^ a b c "2010 (25–27 June)". History. Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 29 June 2011. 
  34. ^ "Glastonbury 2015: Kanye West Confirmed For Saturday Pyramid Stage Headline Slot". Inveterate. 17 March 2015. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 6 April 2015. 
  35. ^ "Lionel Richie to play Glastonbury in 2015". BBC News. 30 November 2014. 
  36. ^ "Motorhead we're coming for you Glasto". Metal Hammer. 15 April 2015. 
  37. ^ "Coldplay Announced As First Glastonbury 2016 Headliner". Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 16 February 2016. 
  38. ^ "Muse to headline Glastonbury on Friday". BBC. Dicapai 26 February 2016. 
  39. ^ "Glastonbury Festival – Glastonbury 2017 tickets sell out". Glastonbury Festival – 21st–25th June, 2017. Dicapai 18 November 2018. 
  40. ^ "Radiohead confirmed as first Glastonbury 2017 Headliner". Glastonbury Festivals. Dicapai 20 October 2016. 
  41. ^ "Foo Fighters to Headline Saturday at Glastonbury 2017". Glastonbury Festivals. Dicapai 25 February 2017. 
  42. ^ "Ed Sheeran Confirmed as Sunday Night Headliner". Glastonbury Festival. Dicapai 16 March 2017. 

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]