Khidiwiah Mesir

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Khidiwiah Mesir

الخديوية المصرية  (Bahasa Arab)
خدیویت مصر  (Bahasa Turki Uthmaniyah)
1867–1914
Bendera Khidiwiah Mesir
Flag of Egypt (1882-1922).svg
{{{coat_alt}}}
Flag (1867–1882)
Flag (1882–1914)
Coat of arms
Lagu kebangsaan: (1871–1914)
Salam Affandina
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Globe with old borders highlighting the following:
  Khidiwiah Mesir
  Diserahkan kepada Afrika Utara Itali thn 1919
StatusNegeri lindungan Uthmaniyah (1867–1914)
(ditakluk British selepas 1882)
Ibu negaraKaherah
Bahasa lazimBahasa Arab, bahasa Inggeris[a]
Agama
Islam Sunnah,
Kristian Qibtiah
KerajaanKerajaan berperlembagaan
Khidiw 
• 1867–1879
Isma'il Pasha
• 1879–1892
Tewfik Pasha
• 1892–1914
Abbas II
British Consul-General 
• 1883–1907
Evelyn Baring
• 1907–1911
Eldon Gorst
• 1911–1914
Herbert Kitchener
Perdana Menteri 
• 1878–1879 (first)
Nubar Pasha
• 1914 (last)
Hussein Roshdy Pasha
Era sejarahPerebutan Afrika
• Pengasasan
8 Jun 1867
• Pembukaan Terusan Suez
17 November 1869
1881–1882
Julai – September 1882
18 Januari 1899
• Pembubaran
19 Disember 1914
Penduduk
• 1882[b]
6,805,000
• 1897[b]
9,715,000
• 1907[b]
11,287,000
Mata wangPaun Mesir
Didahului oleh
Diganti oleh
Eyalet Mesir
Kesultanan Darfur
Empayar Uthmaniyah
Kesultanan Mesir
Sudan Mahdi
 a. Bahasa Inggeris menjadi bahasa rasmi tunggal pada 1898.[1]  b. Area and density include inhabited areas only. The total area of Egypt, including deserts, is 994,000 km2.[2][3]

Khidiwiah Mesir (Bahasa Arab: الخديوية المصرية al-Ḵidīwiyya al-Miṣriyya; Bahasa Turki Uthmaniyah: خدیویت مصر Hıdiviyet-i Mısır) adalah sebuah negeri lindungan Empayar Uthmaniyyah yang diperintah sendiri Dinasti Muhammad Ali selaku pengasas berikutan kekalahan dan pengusiran pasukan Napoleon Bonaparte yang mengakhiri pendudukan singkat pihak Perancis singkat di Mesir Hilir. Kerajaan ini meluaskan pengaruhnya ke Sudan, Sudan Selatan, Israel, Lubnan, Jordan, Syria, selatan Turki, dan barat laut Arab Saudi.[4][5]

Kerajaan ini terbubar di mana kawasan ini diputuskan pemerintahan ia dari pengaruh Uthmaniyah dijadikan suatu kerajaan naungan British iaitu Kesultanan Mesir.

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Penubuhan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Peluasan kuasa ke Libya dan Sudan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Konflik dengan pahlawan-pahlawan Mahdi Sudan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Penaklukan British[sunting | sunting sumber]

Senarai penguasa pemerintahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Khidiw[sunting | sunting sumber]

Perdana Menteri[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Holes, Clive (2004). Modern Arabic: Structures, Functions, and Varieties. Georgetown Classics in Arabic Language and Linguistics (ed. 2nd). Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press. m/s. 44. ISBN 978-1-58901-022-2. OCLC 54677538. Dicapai pada 14 July 2010.
  2. ^ Bonné, Alfred (2003) [First published 1945]. The Economic Development of the Middle East: An Outline of Planned Reconstruction after the War. The International Library of Sociology. London: Routledge. m/s. 24. ISBN 978-0-415-17525-8. OCLC 39915162. Dicapai pada 9 July 2010.
  3. ^ Tanada, Hirofumi (March 1998). "Demographic Change in Rural Egypt, 1882–1917: Population of Mudiriya, Markaz and Madina". Discussion Paper No. D97–22. Hitotsubashi University: Institute of Economic Research. hdl:10086/14678.
  4. ^ "حدود مصر في عهد الخديوي إسماعيل - خرائط". elnabaa.
  5. ^ "خرائط نادرة لحدود مصر الخديوية". toraseyat.

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

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