Martin Karplus

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Martin Karplus
Martin Karplus Nobel Prize 22 2013.jpg
Karplus semasa sidang akhbar di Stockholm pada Disember 2013
Lahir (1930-03-15) 15 Mac 1930 (umur 89)
Vienna, Austria[1]
KerakyatanAmerika, Austria[1]
Institusi
Pusat pendidikan
TesisA quantum-mechanical discussion of the bifluoride ion (1954)
Penasihat kedoktoranLinus Pauling[1]
Anugerah
Laman sesawang
chemistry.harvard.edu/people/martin-karplus

Martin Karplus (lahir 15 Mac 1930) ialah seorang ahli teori teori Amerika kelahiran Austria. Beliau ialah Profesor Kimia Theodore William Richards, emeritus di Universiti Harvard. Beliau juga merupakan Pengarah Makmal Kimia Biofiizikal, makmal bersama antara Pusat Kebangsaan Penyelidikan Saintifik Perancis dan Universiti Strasbourg, Perancis. Karplus menerima Hadiah Nobel dalam Kimia 2013, bersama-sama dengan Michael Levitt dan Arieh Warshel, kerana "pembangunan model multisel untuk sistem kimia kompleks".[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2013" (Siaran akhbar). Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. October 9, 2013. Dicapai October 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ Chang, Kenneth (October 9, 2013). "3 Researchers Win Nobel Prize in Chemistry". New York Times. Dicapai October 9, 2013. 
  3. ^ Fersht, A. R. (2013). "Profile of Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt, and Arieh Warshel, 2013 nobel laureates in chemistry". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 110 (49): 19656–7. Bibcode:2013PNAS..11019656F. doi:10.1073/pnas.1320569110. PMC 3856823Boleh dicapai secara percuma. PMID 24277833. 
  4. ^ Hodak, Hélène (2014). "The Nobel Prize in chemistry 2013 for the development of multiscale models of complex chemical systems: A tribute to Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel". Journal of Molecular Biology. 426 (1): 1–3. doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2013.10.037. PMID 24184197. 
  5. ^ Van Noorden, R. (2013). "Computer modellers secure chemistry Nobels". Nature. doi:10.1038/nature.2013.13903. 
  6. ^ Van Noorden, Richard (2013). "Modellers react to chemistry award: Nobel Prize proves that theorists can measure up to experimenters". Nature. 502 (7471): 280. Bibcode:2013Natur.502..280V. doi:10.1038/502280a. 

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