Ernst Chain

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(Dilencongkan dari Ernst Boris Chain)
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Sir Ernst Boris Chain, FRS[1] (19 Jun 1906 - 12 Ogos 1979) ialah seorang ahli biokimia British kelahiran Jerman, dan sebagai penerima bersama Hadiah Nobel untuk Fisiologi atau Perubatan pada tahun 1945 atas hasil kerjanya terhadap penisilin.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Abraham, Edward (1983). "Ernst Boris Chain. 19 June 1906 – 12 August 1979". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 29: 42–91. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1983.0003. JSTOR 769796. 
  2. ^ E. P. Abraham (2004). "'Chain, Sir Ernst Boris (1906–1979)". The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 1. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/30913. 
  3. ^ Shampo, M. A.; Kyle, R. A. (2000). "Ernst Chain--Nobel Prize for work on penicillin". Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 75 (9): 882. doi:10.4065/75.9.882. PMID 10994820. 
  4. ^ Raju, T. N. (1999). "The Nobel chronicles. 1945: Sir Alexander Fleming (1881-1955); Sir Ernst Boris Chain (1906-79); and Baron Howard Walter Florey (1898-1968)". Lancet. 353 (9156): 936. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(05)75055-8. PMID 10094026. 
  5. ^ Notter, A. (1991). "The difficulties of industrializing penicillin (1928-1942) (Alexander Fleming, Howard Florey, Ernst Boris Chain)". Histoire des Sciences Medicales. 25 (1): 31–38. PMID 11638360. 
  6. ^ Abraham, E. P. (1980). "Ernst Chain and Paul Garrod". The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 6 (4): 423–424. doi:10.1093/jac/6.4.423. PMID 7000741. 
  7. ^ Mansford, K. R. (1979). "Sir Ernst Chain, 1906-1979". Nature. 281 (5733): 715–717. doi:10.1038/281715a0. PMID 399328. 
  8. ^ Abraham, E. P. (1979). "Obituary: Sir Ernst Boris Chain". The Journal of Antibiotics. 32 (10): 1080–1081. doi:10.7164/antibiotics.32.1087. PMID 393682. 
  9. ^ "Sir Ernst Chain". British Medical Journal. 2 (6188): 505. 1979. PMC 1595985Boleh dicapai secara percuma. PMID 385104. 
  10. ^ "Ernst Boris Chain". Lancet. 2 (8139): 427–428. 1979. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(79)90449-5. PMID 89493. 
  11. ^ Wagner, W. H. (1979). "In memoriam, Dr. Ernst Boris Chain". Arzneimittel-Forschung. 29 (10): 1645–1646. PMID 391241. 

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Medawar, Jean; Pyke, David (2012). Hitler's Gift: The True Story of the Scientists Expelled by the Nazi Regime (Paperback). New York: Arcade Publishing. ISBN 978-1-61145-709-4. 

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