Ivar Giaever

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Ivar Giæver
Ivar Giæver.jpg
Kelahiran (1929-04-05) 5 April 1929 (umur 92)
Bergen, Norway
WarganegaraNorway, Amerika Syarikat (1964)
Pusat pendidikanNorwegian University of Science and Technology
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Terkenal keranaFizik pepejal
AnugerahOliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize (1965)
Hadiah Nobel dalam Fizik (1973)
Kerjaya saintifik
BidangFizik

Ivar Giaever (Bahasa Norway: Giæver, lahir 5 April 1929) merupakan ahli fizik Norway-Amerika yang berkongsi Hadiah Nobel pada tahun 1973 bersama Leo Esaki dan Brian Josephson "untuk penemuan mereka berkaitan fenomena terowongan di padatan".[1][2] Giaever berkongsi hadiah tersebut khusus untuk "penemuan bereksperimen mengenai fenomena terowongan dalam superkonduktor". Giaever ialah seorang profesor emeritus di Institut Politeknik Renssealaer, profesor utama di Universiti Oslo, dan presiden syarikat Applied Biophysics.[3][4][5]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Press Release: The 1973 Nobel Prize in Physics". Nobelprize.org. 27 June 2011. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. 1973-10-23. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2011-06-27. Dicapai pada 2011-06-27. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the 1973 Nobel Prize in Physics to Leo Esaki, USA, Ivar Giaever, USA and Brian D Josephson, UK. The award is for their discoveries regarding tunneling phenomena in solids Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (bantuan)
  2. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1973". Nobelprize.org. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. 2011-06-27. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2011-06-27. Dicapai pada 2011-06-27. The Nobel Prize in Physics 1973 was divided, one half jointly to Leo Esaki and Ivar Giaever "for their experimental discoveries regarding tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and superconductors, respectively" and the other half to Brian David Josephson "for his theoretical predictions of the properties of a supercurrent through a tunnel barrier, in particular those phenomena which are generally known as the Josephson effects". Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (bantuan)
  3. ^ Giaever, Ivar (2011-06-26). "De forunderlige klimamytene (The peculiar climate myths)". aftenposten.no (dalam bahasa Norwegian). Aftenposten. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2011-06-26. Dicapai pada 2011-06-26. It is amazing how stable temperature has been over the last 150 years." translated from "Det er fantastisk hvor stabil temperaturen har vært de siste 150 år. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (bantuan)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  4. ^ Giaever, Ivar (2011-06-27). "Ivar Giaever Physics Department Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute". rpi.edu. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2011-06-27. Dicapai pada 2011-06-27. Positions Institute Professor, School of Engineering and School of Science Professor at large, University of Oslo, Norway President Applied BioPhysics, Inc., 1223 Peoples Ave, Troy, NY 12180 … Major Prizes: Oliver E. Buckley Prize 1965 Nobel Prize 1973 Zworkin Award 1974 Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (bantuan)
  5. ^ Lundqvist, Stig (1992). "Biography". Nobelprize.org, Bio from Nobel Lectures, Physics 1971-1980, Editor Stig Lundqvist, World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore, 1992. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and World Scientific. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2011-06-27. Dicapai pada 2011-06-27. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (bantuan); Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (bantuan)

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