Jim Peebles

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Jim Peebles
OM FRS
Jim Peebles.jpg
LahirPhillip James Edwin Peebles
(1935-04-25) 25 April 1935 (umur 84)
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Kanada
Bidang
InstitusiUniversiti Princeton
Pusat pendidikan
Dikenali keranaRadiasi latar gelombang mikro kosmik
AnugerahEddington Medal (1981)
Heineman Prize (1982)
Bruce Medal (1995)
Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (1998)
Gruber Prize (2000)
Hadiah Harvey (2001)
Hadiah Shaw (2004)
Hadiah Crafoord (2005)
Pingat Dirac (2013)
Hadiah Nobel dalam Fizik (2019)

Phillip James Edwin Peebles OM FRS (lahir 25 April 1935) ialah ahli astrofizik, ahli astronomi dan kosmologi teori Kanada-Amerika yang pada masa ini ialah Profesor Emeritus Sains Albert Einstein di Universiti Princeton.[1][2] Beliau secara luas dianggap sebagai ahli kosmologi teoretikal terkemuka di dunia sejak 1970, dengan sumbangan teoritis utama kepada nukleosintesis primordial, jirim gelap, latar belakang mikrob kosmik, dan pembentukan struktur.

Peebles dianugerahkan separuh daripada Hadiah Nobel dalam Fizik pada tahun 2019 untuk penemuan teorinya dalam kosmologi fizikal. Beliau berkongsi hadiah dengan Michel Mayor dan Didier Queloz kerana penemuan mereka dengan eksoplanet yang mengorbit bintang seperti matahari.[3]

Penghargaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Davis, M.; Peebles, P. J. E. (1983). "A survey of galaxy redshifts. V – The two-point position and velocity correlations". Astrophys. J. 267: 465. Bibcode:1983ApJ...267..465D. doi:10.1086/160884.
  • Dicke, R. H.; Peebles, P. J. E.; Roll, P. G.; Wilkinson, D. T. (1965). "Cosmic Black-Body Radiation". Astrophys. J. 142: 414. Bibcode:1965ApJ...142..414D. doi:10.1086/148306.
  • Fukugita, M.; Hogan, C. J.; Peebles, P. J. E. (1998). "The cosmic baryon budget". Astrophys. J. 503 (2): 518. arXiv:astro-ph/9712020. Bibcode:1998ApJ...503..518F. doi:10.1086/306025.
  • Groth, E. J.; Peebles, P. J. E. (1977). "Statistical Analysis Of Catalogs Of Extragalactic Objects. 7. Two And Three Point Correlation Functions For The High-Resolution Shane-Wirtanen Catalog Of Galaxies". Astrophys. J. 217: 385. Bibcode:1977ApJ...217..385G. doi:10.1086/155588.
  • Ostriker, J. P.; Peebles, P. J. E. (1973). "A Numerical Study of the Stability of Flattened Galaxies: or, can Cold Galaxies Survive?". Astrophys. J. 186: 467. Bibcode:1973ApJ...186..467O. doi:10.1086/152513.
  • Peebles, P. J. E. (1966). "Primordial Helium Abundance and the Primordial Fireball. I". Phys. Rev. Lett. 16 (10): 410. Bibcode:1966PhRvL..16..410P. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.16.410.
  • Peebles, P. J. E. (1966). "Primordial Helium Abundance and the Primordial Fireball. II". Astrophys. J. 146: 542. Bibcode:1966ApJ...146..542P. doi:10.1086/148918.
  • Peebles, P. J. E.; Dicke, R. H. (1968). "Origin of the Globular Star Clusters". Astrophys. J. 154: 891. Bibcode:1968ApJ...154..891P. doi:10.1086/149811.
  • Peebles, P. J. E. (1969). "Origin of the Angular Momentum of Galaxies". Astrophys. J. 155: 393. Bibcode:1969ApJ...155..393P. doi:10.1086/149876.
  • Peebles, P. J. E.; Yu, J. T. (1970). "Primeval adiabatic perturbation in an expanding universe". Astrophys. J. 162: 815. Bibcode:1970ApJ...162..815P. doi:10.1086/150713.
  • Peebles, P. J. E. (1971). Physical Cosmology. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Peebles, P. J. E. (1980). The large-scale structure of the universe. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Peebles, P. J. E. (1982). "Large-scale background temperature and mass fluctuations due to scale-invariant primeval perturbations". Astrophys. J. 263: L1. Bibcode:1982ApJ...263L...1P. doi:10.1086/183911.
  • Peebles, P. J. E. (1993). Principles of Physical Cosmology. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Ratra, B.; Peebles, P. J. E. (1988). "Cosmology with a time-variable cosmological 'constant'". Astrophys. J. 325: L17. Bibcode:1988ApJ...325L..17P. doi:10.1086/185100.
  • Ratra, B.; Peebles, P. J. E. (1988). "Cosmological consequences of a rolling homogeneous scalar field". Phys. Rev. D. 37 (12): 3406. Bibcode:1988PhRvD..37.3406R. doi:10.1103/physrevd.37.3406.
  • Ratra, B.; Peebles, P. J. E. (2003). "The cosmological constant and dark energy". Rev. Mod. Phys. 75 (2): 559–606. arXiv:astro-ph/0207347. Bibcode:2003RvMP...75..559P. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.75.559.

Nota kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Princeton University Physics Department". Diarkib daripada yang asal pada May 11, 2011.
  2. ^ "Princeton University News". Diarkib daripada yang asal pada April 13, 2016.
  3. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 2019". Nobel Media AB. Dicapai pada 8 October 2019.
  4. ^ "Phillip Peebles biography". Royal Society. Dicapai pada 24 January 2017.
  5. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 2019". Nobel Media AB. Dicapai pada 8 October 2019.

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