Perpecahan China-Soviet

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Nikita Kruschev dan Mao Zedong yang lebih muda duduk dan tersenyum
Mao Zedong dan Nikita Khrushchev: di khalayak umum, sekutu antarabangsa; secara peribadi, bertelingkah ideologi. (China, 1958).

Perpecahan China-Soviet (1960-1989) merujuk kepada kemerosotan hubungan politik dan ideologi di antara Republik Rakyat China dan Kesatuan Republik Sosialis Soviet ( USSR) semasa Perang Dingin. Pada tahun 1960, China dan Kesatuan Soviet merupakan dua buah negara komunis terbesar di dunia. Pencaran doktrin berasal dari kepentingan negara China dan Rusia, dan dari tafsiran rejim yang berbeza iaitu Marxsisme- Leninisme.

Dalam tahun 1950-an sehingga 1960-an, perdebatan ideologi di antara parti-parti komunis USSR dan China juga membimbangkan kehidupan yang aman dengan negara kapitalis Barat. Namun, pada rakyat China Mao Zedong menunjukkan sikap bermusuhan dengan negara-negara kapitalis.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Chang, Jung, and Jon Halliday. Mao: The Unknown Story. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005.
  • Ford, Harold P., "Calling the Sino-Soviet Split", Studies in Intelligence, Winter 1998-99.
  • Friedman, Jeremy. "Soviet policy in the developing world and the Chinese challenge in the 1960s." Cold War History (2010) 10#2 pp: 247-272.
  • Goh, Evelyn. Constructing the US Rapprochement with China, 1961-1974: From "Red Menace" to "Tacit Ally" (Cambridge University Press, 2005)
  • Jian, Chen. Mao's China & the Cold War. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 2001.
  • Kochavi, Noam. "The Sino–Soviet Split." in A Companion to John F. Kennedy (2014) pp: 366-383.
  • Li, Hua-Yu et al., eds China Learns from the Soviet Union, 1949-Present (The Harvard Cold War Studies Book Series) (2011) excerpt and text search
  • Lüthi, Lorenz M. (2010). The Sino-Soviet Split: Cold War in the Communist World. Princeton UP. 
  • Mark, Chi-Kwan. China and the world since 1945: an international history (Routledge, 2011)
  • Olsen, Mari. Soviet-Vietnam Relations and the Role of China 1949-64: Changing Alliances (Routledge, 2007)
  • Scalapino, Robert A. "Sino-Soviet Competition in Africa," Foreign Affairs (1964) 42#4 pp. 640–654 in JSTOR
  • Westad, Odd Arne, ed. Brothers in arms: the rise and fall of the Sino-Soviet alliance, 1945-1963 (Stanford University Press, 1998)

Sumber utama[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Luthi, Lorenz M., ed "Twenty-Four Soviet-Bloc Documents on Vietnam and the Sino-Soviet Split, 1964–1966." Cold War International History Project Bulletin 16 (2008): 367-398.
  • [Bao] Sansan and Bette Bao Lord (1964/1966), Eighth Moon: The True Story of a Young Girl's Life in Communist China, reprint, New York: Scholastic, Ch. 9, pp. 120–124 [summary of lectures to cadres on Sino-Soviet split].
  • Prozumenshchikov, Mikhail Yu. "The Sino-Indian Conflict, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and the Sino-Soviet Split, October 1962: New Evidence from the Russian Archives." Cold War International History Project Bulletin (1996) 8#9 pp: 1996-7. online

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