Tentera Darat Pertama Amerika Syarikat

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Bagi unit palsu era Perang Dunia II untuk memperdaya pihak Jerman dalam Pencerobohan Normandy, lihat Kumpulan Tentera Darat Pertama Amerika Syarikat.
Tentera Darat Pertama
1st Army.svg
Insignia bahu lengan.
Aktif10 Ogos 1918 – 20 April 1919
8 September 1932 – kini
Negara Amerika Syarikat
CawanganBendera Tentera Darat Amerika Syarikat Tentera Darat Amerika Syarikat
JenisOperasi keselamatan
PerananBantuan latihan
SaizTentera darat medan
Sebahagian daripadaMarkas Angkatan Tentera Darat Amerika Syarikat
Garison/HQRock Island Arsenal
Rock Island County, Illinois, A.S.
Nama samaranDoughboys
MotoFirst In Deed
Peringatan10 Ogos 1918
PertempuranPerang Dunia I
Perang Dunia II
Laman webOfficial website
Komander
Komander
terkini
Leftenan Jeneral Stephen Twitty
Komander
terkenal
John J. Pershing
Omar Bradley
Courtney Hodges
Tanda kebesaran
Insignia
1st Army Distinctive Unit Insignia.jpg
Flag
Flag of the First United States Army.svg

Tentera Darat Pertama adalah tentera darat medan tertua dan paling lama ditubuhkan oleh Tentera Darat Amerika Syarikat,[petikan diperlukan] telah dilihat berkhidmat di kedua-dua Perang Dunia I dan Perang Dunia II, dibawah beberapa orang pegawai Tentera Darat A.S. paling terkenal dan termasyhur. Ia sekarang berkhidmat sebagai markas pengerahan, kesiapsiagaan dan latihan.

Organisasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kini[sunting | sunting sumber]

1st Army.svg Divisyen Timur Tentera Darat Pertama – Fort Knox, Kentucky [1]

1st Army.svg Briged Ke-4 Kavalri "Saber" – Fort Knox, Kentucky. Bekas Briged Ke-4 Divisyen Ke-85 .
157thInfBde.jpg Briged Ke-157 Infantri "Spartan" – Fort Jackson, South Carolina. Bekas Briged Ke-5 Divisyen Ke-87.
174InfBdeSSI.jpg Briged Ke-174 Infantri "Patriot" – Fort Drum, New York. Bekas Briged Ke-2 Divisyen Ke-78.
177th Armored Brigade CSIB.jpg Briged Ke-177 Armor "Mudcats" – Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Bekas Briged Ke-3 Divisyen Ke-87.
188InfantryBdeSSI.jpg Briged Ke-188 Infantri "Battle Ready" – Fort Stewart, Georgia. Bekas Briged Ke-4 Divisyen Ke-87.

1st Army.svg Divisyen Barat Tentera Darat Pertama – Fort Hood, Texas[2]

5th Armored Brigade CSIB.jpg Briged Ke-5 Armor – Fort Bliss, Texas. Bekas Briged ke-2 Divisyen Ke-91.
120InfantryBdeSSI.jpg Briged Ke-120 Infantri – Fort Hood, Texas. Bekas Briged Ke-2 Divisyen Ke-75.
181InfantryBdeSSI.jpg Briged Ke-181 Infantri "Eagle" – Fort McCoy, Wisconsin. Bekas Briged Ke-2 Divisyen Ke-85.
189th Infantry Brigade SSI.svg Briged Ke-189 Infantri "Bayonet" – Fort Lewis, Washington. Bekas Briged Ke-4 Divisyen Ke-78.

Para panglima[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:ACMH

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • After Action Report First U.S. Army, 1–3 December 1944. Fort Jackson, 1945.
  • American Battle Monuments Commission. American Armies and Battlefields in Europe. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1938. Reprint. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1992.
  • Blumenson, Martin. Breakout and Pursuit. United States Army in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1961. OCLC 78605078
  • Borovatz, Frank M. "First United States Army: A Working Army". Army Digest 25 (February 1970): 4–8.
  • A Brief History of the First United States Army From 1918 to 1946. Fayetteville, N. C.: Worth Publishing Co., 1947. OCLC 4985955
  • Cole, Hugh M. The Ardennes: Battle of the Bulge. United States Army in World War II. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1965. OCLC 78624377
  • Cole, Hugh M. The Lorraine Campaign. United States Army in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1950. OCLC 1253758
  • Dalessandro, Robert J. & Knapp, Michael G. Organization and Insignia of the American Expeditionary Force, 1917–1923. Schiffer Publishing, 2008. ISBN 0764329375
  • First Army, TI&E Section. History of the United States First Army. Fort Jay, 1953.
  • First United States Army Combat Operations Data, Europe, 1944–45. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1948.
  • First United States Army Report of Operations, 20 October 1943 – 1 August 1944. 7 vols. Paris, 1944.
  • First United States Army Report of Operations, 1 August 1944 to 22 February 1945. 4 vols. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1946.
  • First United States Army Report of Operations, 23 February–8 May 1945. 3 vols. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1946.
  • Gabel, Christopher R. The U.S. Army GHQ Maneuvers of 1941. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1991. OCLC 23651527
  • Hallas, James H. Squandered Victory: The American First Army at St. Mihiel. Westport, Conn.: Praeger Pubs., 1996. ISBN 0275950220
  • Harbord, James G. The American Army in France, 1917–1919. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co., 1936.
  • Harrison, Gordon A. Cross-Channel Attack. United States Army in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1951.
  • Historical Section, Army War College. Order of Battle of the United States Land Forces in the World War; American Expeditionary Forces; General Headquarters, Armies, Army Corps, Services of Supply, and Separate Forces. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1937. Reprint. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1988.
  • Historical Section, Army War College. The Genesis of the American First Army. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1929. 2d ed. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1938.
  • Liggett, Hunter. Commanding an American Army, Recollections of the World War. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1925.
  • MacDonald, Charles B. The Last Offensive. United States Army in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1973.
  • MacDonald, Charles B. The Siegfried Line Campaign. United States Army in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1963.
  • "Why Didn't They Let First Army Win the War?" Army 9 (April 1959):48–52.
  • Pershing, John J. My Experiences in the World War. New York: Frederick A. Stokes Co., 1931.
  • Pogue, Forrest C. The Supreme Command. United States Army in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1954.
  • Report of the Commanding General, First Army, American Expeditionary Forces: Organizations and Operations, First Army, A.E.F. France, 1919.
  • Report of the First Army, American Expeditionary Forces: Organization and Operations. Fort Leavenworth: General Service Schools Press, 1923.
  • Report of the First Army, American Expeditionary Forces, Organization and Operations, General John J Pershing, 10 Aug. 1918; Lieutenant General Hunter Liggett, 16 Oct. 1918, 20 Apr. 1919. Fort Leavenworth, Kans.: General Service School Press, 1923.
  • "Salute to the Numbered U.S. Armies". Army Information Digest 17 (October 1962):32–39.
  • Walker, Glenn D. "First U.S. Army: A New Challenge". Army 23 (October 1973):72–76.
  • Ziemke, Earl F. The U.S. Army in the Occupation of Germany 1944–1946. Army Historical Series. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History, 1990 (1975). CMH Pub 30-6.

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