IBM

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International Business Machines Corporation
Awam (NYSE: IBM)
ISINUS4592001014 Edit this on Wikidata
IndustriPerkakasan komputer
Perisian komputer
Pakar runding
Pengurusan Perkhidmatan IT
Ditubuhkan1889, incorporated 1911
Ibu pejabatArmonk, New York, AS
Tokoh penting
Samuel J. Palmisano, Pengerusi & CEO
Mark Loughridge SVP & CFO
Dan Fortin, Presiden (Kanada)
Frank Kern, Presiden (Asia Pasifik)
Nick Donofrio, EVP (Inovasi & Teknologi)
Bruno Di Leo, Presiden Eropah Timur laut IOT
Dominique Cerutti, Presiden Eropah tenggara IOT
KeluaranLihat senarai
Hasil $91.4 bilion USD (+4% FY '05 hingga '06)
$9.4 bilion USD (+18% FY '05 hingga '06)
Bilangan kakitangan
355,766 (2006)[1]
ADSTAR
FileNet
Informix
Iris Associates
Lotus Software
Rational Software
Sequent Computer Systems
Tivoli Systems, Inc.
Apollo Computers
Laman web rasmi
www.ibm.com

International Business Machines Corporation (dikenali sebagai IBM atau "Big Blue"; NYSE: IBM) merupakan sebuah perbadanan multinasional komputer teknologi dan perundingan yang beribu pejabat di Armonk, New York, USA.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b "IBM: Company Overview". Reuters. Dicapai pada 2006-06-27.
  2. ^ a b "IBM 4Q06 Quarterly Earnings Report". IBM. Dicapai pada 2007-01-18.

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Roy A Bauer; dll. (1992). The Silverlake Project: Transformation at IBM (AS/400). Oxford University Press.
  • Edwin Black (2001). IBM and the Holocaust: The Strategic Alliance Between Nazi Germany and America's Most Powerful Corporation. ISBN 0-914153-10-2.
  • Paul Carroll (1993). Big Blues: The Unmaking of IBM. Crown Publishers.
  • Doug Garr (1999). IBM Redux: Lou Gerstner & The Business Turnaround of the Decade. Harper Business.
  • Louis V. Gerstner, Jr. (2002). Who Says Elephants can't Dance?. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-715448-8.
  • Greulich, Peter E. (2014) A View from Beneath the Dancing Elephant: Rediscovering IBM's Corporate Constitution MBI Concepts Corporation. ISBN 0-9833734-6-9.
  • John Harwood (2011). The Interface: IBM and the Transformation of Corporate Design, 1945–1976. ISBN 978-0-8166-7039-0.
  • Robert Heller (1994). The Fate of IBM. Little Brown.
  • David Mercer (1987). IBM: How the World's Most Successful Corporation is Managed. Kogan Page.
  • David Mercer (1988). The Global IBM: Leadership in Multinational Management. Dodd, Mead. m/s. 374.
  • Mills, D. Quinn; Friesen, G. Bruce (1996). Broken Promises: An Unconventional View of What Went Wrong at IBM. Harvard Business School. ISBN 0-87584-654-8.
  • Emerson W. Pugh (1996). Building IBM: Shaping an Industry. MIT Press.
  • Robert Slater (1999). Saving Big Blue: IBM's Lou Gerstner. McGraw Hill.
  • Ulrich Steinhilper (2006). Don't Talk – Do It! From Flying To Word Processing. ISBN 1-872836-75-5.
  • Ernest von Simson (2009). The Limits of Strategy: Lessons in Leadership from the Computer Industry. iUniverse. ISBN 978-1-4401-9258-6.
  • Thomas Watson, Jr. (1990). Father, Son & Co: My Life at IBM and Beyond. ISBN 0-553-29023-1.

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