Joachim von Ribbentrop

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Joachim von Ribbentrop
Portrait of a middle-aged man with short grey hair and a stern expression. He wears a dark military uniform, with a swastika on one arm. He is seated with his hands on a table with several papers on it, holding a pen.

Tempoh jawatan
4 Februari 1938 – 30 April 1945
Presiden Adolf Hitler
Canselor Adolf Hitler
Didahului oleh Konstantin von Neurath
Diganti oleh Arthur Seyss-Inquart

Tempoh jawatan
Dilantik oleh Adolf Hitler
Didahului oleh Leopold von Hoesch
Diganti oleh Herbert von Dirksen

Lahir (1893-04-30)30 April 1893
Wesel, Negeri Rhine, Kerajaan Prusia, Empayar Jerman
Meninggal dunia 16 Oktober 1946(1946-10-16) (umur 53)
Nuremberg, Jerman
Parti politik Parti Buruh Jerman Sosialis Nasional (Parti Nazi)
Pasangan Anna Elisabeth Henkell (m. 1920)
Hubungan Rudolf von Ribbentrop (anak)
Anak 5
Profesion Ahli perniagaan, diplomat
Jemaah Menteri Kabinet Hitler
Agama Protestant

Ulrich Friedrich Wilhelm Joachim von Ribbentrop (30 April 1893 – 16 Oktober 1946) ialah Menteri Luar Negeri Jerman pada tahun 1938 dan merundingkan Perjanjian Tidak Menyerang Nazi-Soviet pada Ogos 1939. Pengaruhnya menurun semasa Perang Dunia Kedua. Dia dibicarakan di Nuremberg, dan digantung pada tahun 1946.

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Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bloch, Michael. Ribbentrop. New York: Crown Publishing, 1992. ISBN 0-517-59310-6.
  • Browning, Christopher R. The Final Solution and the German Foreign Office: A Study of Referat D III of Abteilung Deutschland, 194–43. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1978. ISBN 0-8419-0403-0.
  • Craig, Gordon. "The German Foreign Office from Neurath to Ribbentrop" in Gordon A. Craig and Felix Gilbert (eds.) The Diplomats 1919–39. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1953, pp. 406–436.
  • Hildebrand, Klaus. The Foreign Policy of the Third Reich, Anthony Fothergill (trans.). London: Batsford, 1973. ISBN 0-520-02528-8.
  • Hillgruber, Andreas. Germany and the Two World Wars, William C. Kirby (trans.). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1981. ISBN 0-674-35321-8.
  • Kaillis, Aristotle. Fascist Ideology, London: Routledge, 2000 ISBN 0415216117.
  • Messerschmidt, Manfred "Foreign Policy and Preparation for War" from Germany and the Second World War, Wilhelm Deist, Hans-Erich Vokmann & Wolfram Wette (eds.), Vol. I, Clarendon Press: Oxford, United Kingdom, 1990.
  • Michalka, Wolfgang. "From Anti-Comintern Pact to the Euro-Asiatic Bloc: Ribbentrop's Alternative Concept to Hitler's Foreign Policy Programme". In H.W. Koch (ed.), Aspects of the Third Reich. London: Macmillan 1985, pp. 267–284. ISBN 0-333-35272-6.
  • Michalka, Wolfgang. "Joachim von Ribbentrop: From Wine Merchant to Foreign Minister". In Ronald Smelser and Rainer Zitelmann (eds.), The Nazi Elite. London: Macmillan, 1993. ISBN 0-333-56950-4.
  • Oursler Jr., Fulton. "Secret Treason", American Heritage, 42 (8) (1991).
  • Snyder, Louis. Encyclopedia of the Third Reich. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1976. ISBN 0-07-059525-9.
  • Lukes, Igor, and Erik Goldstein (eds.). The Munich Crisis, 1938: Prelude to World War II. London: Frank Cass Inc, 1999. ISBN 0-7146-8056-7.
  • Rees, Laurence The Nazis: A Warning from History, New York: New Press, 1997 ISBN 056349333X.
  • Rothwell, Victor. The Origins of the Second World War, Manchester University Press: Manchester, United Kingdom, 2001 ISBN 0719059585.
  • The Third Reich. Leitz, Christian (ed.), Oxford: Blackwell, 1999, ISBN 0-631-20700-7. Articles:
    • Jacobsen, Hans-Adolf. "The Structure of Nazi Foreign Policy, 1933–45" pp. 49–94.
    • Overy, Richard "Germany, 'Domestic Crisis" and the War in 1939" pp. 97–128
  • Turner, Henry Ashby. Hitler's Thirty Days To Power: January 1933. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley, 1996. ISBN 0-201-40714-0.
  • Waddington, Geoffrey. "'An Idyllic and Unruffled Atmosphere of Complete Anglo–German Misunderstanding': Aspects of the Operation of the Dienststelle Ribbentrop in Great Britain 1934–1939". History, Volume 82, 1997, pp. 44–74.
  • Watt, D.C. How War Came: The Immediate Origins of the Second World War, 1938–1939. London: Heinemann, 1989. ISBN 0-394-57916-X.
  • Weinberg, Gerhard. The Foreign Policy of Hitler's Germany Diplomatic Revolution in Europe 1933–36. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970. ISBN 0-226-88509-7.
  • Weinberg, Gerhard. The Foreign Policy of Hitler's Germany Starting World War II 1937–39. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980. ISBN 0-226-88511-9.
  • Weinberg, Gerhard A World At Arms, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994 ISBN 0521618266.
  • Weitz, John. Hitler's Diplomat: The Life And Times Of Joachim von Ribbentrop. New York: Ticknor & Fields, 1992. ISBN 0-395-62152-6.
  • Wheeler-Bennett, John The Nemesis of Power, London: Macmillan, 1967.
  • Windsor, Wallis. The Heart has its Reasons: The Memoirs of the Duchess of Windsor. Bath: Chivers Press, 1956.

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jawatan diplomatik
Didahului oleh
Leopold von Hoesch
Duta Besar Jerman ke United Kingdom
Diikuti oleh:
Herbert von Dirksen
Jawatan politik
Didahului oleh
Konstantin von Neurath
Menteri Luar Negeri Jerman
Diikuti oleh:
Arthur Seyss-Inquart