Heinrich Himmler

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Heinrich Himmler
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S72707, Heinrich Himmler.jpg
Reichsführer-SS Collar Rank.svg Reichsführer-SS
Dalam jawatan
6 January 1929 – 29 April 1945
PemimpinAdolf Hitler
Didahului olehErhard Heiden
Digantikan olehKarl Hanke
Ketua Polis Negara
Dalam jawatan
17 Jun 1936 – 29 April 1945
PemimpinAdolf Hitler
Didahului olehJawatan diwujudkan
Digantikan olehKarl Hanke
Pesuruhjaya Reich bagi Pengukuhan Bangsa Jerman
Dalam jawatan
7 Oktober 1939 – 29 April 1945
PemimpinAdolf Hitler
Didahului olehJawatan diwujudkan
Digantikan olehtiada
Pengarah Jabatan Keselamatan Utama Reich (pemangku)
Dalam jawatan
4 Jun 1942 – 30 Januari 1943
Didahului olehReinhard Heydrich
Digantikan olehErnst Kaltenbrunner
Menteri Dalam Negeri Jerman
Dalam jawatan
24 Ogos 1943 – 29 April 1945
CanselorAdolf Hitler
Didahului olehWilhelm Frick
Digantikan olehWilhelm Stuckart
Butiran peribadi
LahirHeinrich Luitpold Himmler
7 Oktober 1900
Munich, Negeri Bavaria, Empayar Jerman
Meninggal dunia23 Mei 1945(1945-05-23) (umur 44)
Lüneburg, Lower Saxony, Jerman
Parti politikParti Buruh Jerman Sosialis Nasional (Parti Nazi)
PasanganMargarete Bode
Anak-anakGudrun, Helge, Nanette Dorotha
Alma materUniversiti Teknikal Munich
ProfesionAhli Agronomi
KabinetKabinet Hitler
Tandatangan
Perkhidmatan ketenteraan
KesetiaanEmpayar Jerman Empayar Jerman
Perkhidmatan/
cawangan
Heer
Tahun perkhidmatan1917–1918
PangkatFahnenjunker
UnitRejimen Ke-11 Infantri Bavaria
PertempuranPerang Dunia I

Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (bahasa Jerman: [ˈhaɪnʁɪç ˈluˑɪtˌpɔlt ˈhɪmlɐ]  ( dengar); 7 October 1900 – 23 May 1945) ialah Ketua SS (Reichsfuhrer SS) keseluruhan Reich Ketiga. Himmler merupakan perancang utama bagi polisi penghapusan Nazi di Eropah dan tokoh kedua paling berkuasa bagi regim Nazi.

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Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Biondi, Robert, penyunting (2000) [1942]. SS Officers List: (as of 30 January 1942): SS-Standartenfuhrer to SS-Oberstgruppenfuhrer: Assignments and Decorations of the Senior SS Officer Corps. Atglen, PA: Schiffer. ISBN 978-0-7643-1061-4.
  • Breitman, Richard (2004). Himmler and the Final Solution: The Architect of Genocide. London: Pimlico. ISBN 978-1-84413-089-4.
  • Bullock, Alan (1999) [1952]. Hitler: A Study in Tyranny. New York: Konecky & Konecky. ISBN 978-1-56852-036-0.
  • Cecil, Robert (1972). The Myth of the Master Race: Alfred Rosenberg and Nazi Ideology. New York: Dodd, Mead. ISBN 978-0-396-06577-7.
  • Cesarani, David (2004). Holocaust: From the Persecution of the Jews to Mass Murder. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-27511-8.
  • Duffy, Christopher (1991). Red Storm on the Reich: The Soviet March On Germany, 1945. New York: Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-80505-9.
  • Evans, Richard J. (2003). The Coming of the Third Reich. New York: Penguin Group. ISBN 978-0-14-303469-8.
  • Evans, Richard J. (2005). The Third Reich in Power. New York: Penguin Group. ISBN 978-0-14-303790-3.
  • Evans, Richard J. (2008). The Third Reich at War. New York: Penguin Group. ISBN 978-0-14-311671-4.
  • Flaherty, T. H. (2004) [1988]. The Third Reich: The SS. Time-Life Books, Inc. ISBN 1-84447-073-3.
  • Gerwarth, Robert (2011). Hitler's Hangman: The Life of Heydrich. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-11575-8.
  • Gilbert, Martin (1987) [1985]. The Holocaust: A History of the Jews of Europe During the Second World War. New York: Holt. ISBN 978-0-8050-0348-2.
  • Goldhagen, Daniel (1996). Hitler's Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust. New York: Knopf. ISBN 978-0-679-44695-8.
  • Hillgruber, Andreas (1989). The Nazi Holocaust Part 3, The "Final Solution": The Implementation of Mass Murder, Volume 1. Westpoint, CT: Meckler. ISBN 978-0-88736-266-8.
  • Himmler, Katrin (2012). The Himmler Brothers. London: Pan Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-330-44814-7.
  • Internationaler Militärgerichtshof Nürnberg (IMT) (1989), Der Nürnberger Prozess gegen die Hauptkriegsverbrecher (dalam bahasa German), Band 29: Urkunden und anderes Beweismaterial, Nachdruck München: Delphin Verlag, ISBN 978-3-7735-2523-9Selenggaraan CS1: bahasa tidak dikenali (link)
  • Kershaw, Ian (2008). Hitler: A Biography. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-06757-6.
  • Kohn-Bramstedt, Ernest (1998) [1945]. Dictatorship and Political Police: The Technique of Control by Fear. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-17542-5.
  • Kolb, Eberhard (2005) [1984]. The Weimar Republic. London; New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-34441-8.
  • Longerich, Peter (2012). Heinrich Himmler: A Life. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-959232-6.
  • Lukas, Richard C. (2001) [1994]. Did the Children Cry?: Hitler's War Against Jewish and Polish Children, 1939–1945. New York: Hippocrene. ISBN 978-0-7818-0870-5.
  • Lumsden, Robin (2002). A Collector's Guide To: The Allgemeine–SS. Hersham, Surrey: Ian Allan. ISBN 978-0-7110-2905-7.
  • Manvell, Roger; Fraenkel, Heinrich (2011) [1962]. Goering: The Rise and Fall of the Notorious Nazi Leader. London: Skyhorse. ISBN 978-1-61608-109-6.
  • Manvell, Roger; Fraenkel, Heinrich (2007) [1965]. Heinrich Himmler: The Sinister Life of the Head of the SS and Gestapo. London; New York: Greenhill; Skyhorse. ISBN 978-1-60239-178-9.
  • McNab, Chris (2009). The SS: 1923–1945. London: Amber Books. ISBN 978-1-906626-49-5.
  • Nicholas, Lynn H. (2006) [2005]. Cruel World: The Children of Europe in the Nazi Web. New York: Vintage. ISBN 978-0-679-77663-5.
  • Overy, Richard (2004). The Dictators: Hitler's Germany, Stalin's Russia. New York: Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-02030-4.
  • Padfield, Peter (2001) [1990]. Himmler: Reichsführer-SS. London: Cassel & Co. ISBN 978-0-304-35839-7.
  • Penkower, Monty Noam (1988). The Jews Were Expendable: Free World Diplomacy and the Holocaust. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 978-0-8143-1952-9.
  • Pringle, Heather (2006). The Master Plan: Himmler's Scholars and the Holocaust. New York: Hyperion. ISBN 978-0-7868-6886-5.
  • Sereny, Gitta (1996) [1995]. Albert Speer: His Battle With Truth. New York; Toronto: Random House. ISBN 978-0-679-76812-8.
  • Shirer, William L. (1960). The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-62420-0.
  • Speer, Albert (1971) [1969]. Inside the Third Reich. New York: Avon. ISBN 978-0-380-00071-5.
  • Toland, John (1977) [1976]. Adolf Hitler: The Definitive Biography. London: Book Club Associates.
  • Weale, Adrian (2010). The SS: A New History. London: Little, Brown. ISBN 978-1-4087-0304-5.
  • Williams, Max (2001). Reinhard Heydrich: The Biography: Volume 1. Church Stretton: Ulric. ISBN 978-0-9537577-5-6.
  • Yenne, Bill (2010). Hitler's Master of the Dark Arts: Himmler's Black Knights and the Occult Origins of the SS. Minneapolis: Zenith. ISBN 978-0-7603-3778-3.
  • Zentner, Christian; Bedürftig, Friedemann, para penyunting (1991). The Encyclopedia of the Third Reich. Amy Hackett (trans.). New York: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-02-897502-3.

Sumber Online

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Wikisource
Pejabat-pejabat kerajaan
Didahului oleh
Erhard Heiden
Reichsführer-SS
1929–1945
Diikuti oleh:
Karl Hanke
Jawatan politik
Didahului oleh
Wilhelm Frick
Menteri Dalam Negeri Jerman
1943–1945
Diikuti oleh:
Wilhelm Stuckart
Pegawai tentera
Didahului oleh
tiada
Panglima Kumpulan Tentera Darat Upper Rhine (Oberrheine)
10 Disember 1944 – 24 Januari 1945
Diikuti oleh:
tiada
Didahului oleh
tiada
Panglima Kumpulan Tentera Darat Vistula
25 Januari 1945 – 13 Mac 1945
Diikuti oleh:
Generaloberst Gotthard Heinrici
(20 Mac)
Anugerah dan pencapaian
Didahului oleh
Joseph Stalin
Kulit Depan Majalah Time
12 Februari 1945
Diikuti oleh:
William Hood Simpson