Tinggi manusia

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Ketinggian manusia ialah jarak dari tapak kaki ke atas kepala dalam kedudukan berdiri secara tegak.

Ketinggian purata serata dunia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Country/Region Average male height Average female height Sample population /
age range
Methodology Year Source
Argentina 1.745 m (5 ka 8+1116 in) 1.610 m (5 ka 3+38 in) 19 Diukur 1998–2001 [1]
Australia 1.748 m (5 ka 8+1316 in) 1.634 m (5 ka 4+516 in) 18+ Diukur 1995 [2]
Australia 1.784 m (5 ka 10+316 in) 1.645 m (5 ka 4+1316 in) 18–24 Diukur 1995 [2]
Austria 1.796 m (5 ka 10+1116 in) 1.671 m (5 ka 5+1316 in) 21-25 Laporan sendiri 1997–2002 [3]
Azerbaijan 1.718 m (5 ka 7+58 in) 1.654 m (5 ka 5+18 in) 16+ Diukur 2005 [4]
Bahrain 1.651 m (5 ka 5 in) 1.542 m (5 ka +1116 in) 19+ Diukur 2002 [5]
Belgium 1.795 m (5 ka 10+1116 in) 1.678 m (5 ka 6+18 in) 21-25 Laporan sendiri 1997–2002 [3]
Brazil 1.690 m (5 ka 6+12 in) 1.580 m (5 ka 2+316 in) 21–65 Diukur 2003 [6][7]
Bulgaria 1.75 m (5 ka 8+78 in) 1.63 m (5 ka 4+316 in) Diukur 2010

[8]

Cameroon 1.706 m (5 ka 7+316 in) 1.613 m (5 ka 3+12 in) Dewasa urban Diukur 2003 [9]
Kanada 1.736 m (5 ka 8+516 in) 1.595 m (5 ka 2+1316 in) 25+ Diukur 2005 [10]
Kanada 1.760 m (5 ka 9+516 in) 1.633 m (5 ka 4+516 in) 25-44 Diukur 2005 [10]
Chile 1.692 m (5 ka 6+58 in) 1.556 m (5 ka 1+516 in) 17 and over Diukur 2003 [11]
China (RRC) 1.702 m (5 ka 7 in) 1.586 m (5 ka 2+38 in) Urban, 17 Diukur 2002 [12]
China (RRC) 1.663 m (5 ka 5+12 in) 1.570 m (5 ka 1+1316 in) Pedalaman, 17 Diukur 2002 [12]
Colombia 1.706 m (5 ka 7+316 in) 1.587 m (5 ka 2+12 in) 18–22 Diukur 2002 [13]
Côte d’Ivoire 1.701 m (5 ka 7 in) 1.591 m (5 ka 2+58 in) 25–29 Diukur 1985–1987 [14]
Denmark 1.803 m (5 ka 11 in) Askar kerahan, 18-19 Diukur 2006 [15]
Estonia 1.791 m (5 ka 10+12 in) 17 2003 [16]
Finland 1.800 m (5 ka 10+78 in) 1.660 m (5 ka 5+38 in) 25–34 Laporan sendiri 2004 [17]
Perancis 1.741 m (5 ka 8+12 in) 1.619 m (5 ka 3+1116 in) 20+ Diukur 2001 [18]
Perancis 1.770 m (5 ka 9+1116 in) 1.646 m (5 ka 4+1316 in) 20–29 Diukur 2001 [18]
Ghana 1.695 m (5 ka 6+1116 in) 1.585 m (5 ka 2+38 in) 25–29 Diukur 1987–1989 [14]
Gambia 1.680 m (5 ka 6+18 in) 1.578 m (5 ka 2+18 in) Pedalaman, 21–49 Diukur 1950–1974 [19]
Germany 1.780 m (5 ka 10+18 in) 1.650 m (5 ka 5 in) Orang dewasa Laporan sendiri 2005 [20]
Jerman 1.810 m (5 ka 11+516 in) 1.670 m (5 ka 5+1116 in) 18–19 Laporan sendiri 2005 [20]
Greece 1.781 m (5 ka 10+18 in) Askar kerahan, 18-26 Diukur 2006-2007 [21]
Hong Kong 1.717 m (5 ka 7+58 in) 1.587 m (5 ka 2+12 in) 18 Diukur 2006 [22]
Hungary 1.760 m (5 ka 9+516 in) 1.640 m (5 ka 4+58 in) Orang dewasa Diukur 2000s [23]
India 1.645 m (5 ka 4+1316 in) 1.520 m (4 ka 11+1316 in) 20 Diukur 2005–2006 [24][25]
India 1.612 m (5 ka 3+12 in) 1.521 m (4 ka 11+78 in) Pedalaman, 17+ Diukur 2007 [26]
Indonesia 1.580 m (5 ka 2+316 in) 1.470 m (4 ka 9+78 in) 50+ Laporan sendiri 1997 [27]
IndonesiaJawa Timur 1.624 m (5 ka 3+78 in) 1.513 m (4 ka 11+58 in) Urban, 19–23 Diukur 1995 [28]
Iran 1.703 m (5 ka 7 in) 1.572 m (5 ka 1+78 in) 21+ Diukur 2005 [29]
Iran 1.734 m (5 ka 8+516 in) 1.598 m (5 ka 2+78 in) 21-25 Diukur 2005 [29]
Iraq - Baghdad 1.654 m (5 ka 5+18 in) 1.558 m (5 ka 1+516 in) 18–44 Diukur 1999–2000 [30]
Ireland 1.774 m (5 ka 9+1316 in) 1.644 m (5 ka 4+1116 in) 21-25 Laporan sendiri 1997–2002 [3]
Israel 1.756 m (5 ka 9+18 in) 1.628 m (5 ka 4+18 in) 21 Diukur 1980–2000 [31]
Itali 1.760 m (5 ka 9+516 in) 1.650 m (5 ka 5 in) 18-40 Diukur 2005 [32]
Jamaica 1.718 m (5 ka 7+58 in) 1.608 m (5 ka 3+516 in) 25–74 Diukur 1994–1996

[33]

Jepun 1.715 m (5 ka 7+12 in) 1.580 m (5 ka 2+316 in) 19 Diukur 2006 [34]
Lithuania 1.813 m (5 ka 11+38 in) 1.675 m (5 ka 5+78 in) 18 Diukur 2005 [35]
Malaysia 1.647 m (5 ka 4+1316 in) 1.533 m (5 ka +38 in) 20+ Diukur 1996 [36]
Malta 1.699 m (5 ka 6+78 in) 1.599 m (5 ka 3 in) Orang dewasa Laporan sendiri 2003 [37]
Malta 1.752 m (5 ka 9 in) 1.638 m (5 ka 4+12 in) 25–34 Laporan sendiri 2003 [37]
Malawi 1.660 m (5 ka 5+38 in) 1.550 m (5 ka 1 in) Urban, 16–60 Diukur 2000 [38]
Mali 1.713 m (5 ka 7+38 in) 1.604 m (5 ka 3+18 in) Dewasa pedalaman Diukur 1992 [39]
MexicoMorelos 1.670 m (5 ka 5+1116 in) 1.550 m (5 ka 1 in) Orang dewasa Laporan sendiri 1998 [40]
Mexico 1.630 m (5 ka 4+316 in) 1.510 m (4 ka 11+38 in) 50+ Diukur 2001 [41]
Mongolia 1.684 m (5 ka 6+516 in) 1.577 m (5 ka 2+18 in) 25–34 Diukur 2006 [42]
Netherlands 1.808 m (5 ka 11+316 in) 1.678 m (5 ka 6+18 in) 20+ Laporan sendiri 2008 [43]
Netherlands 1.843 m (6 ka +58 in) 1.702 m (5 ka 7 in) 25–34 Laporan sendiri 2008 [43]
New Zealand 1.770 m (5 ka 9+1116 in) 1.650 m (5 ka 5 in) 19–45 Estimates 1993–2007 [44]
New Zealand 1.745 m (5 ka 8+1116 in) 1.630 m (5 ka 4+316 in) 45–65 Estimates 1993–2007 [44]
Nigeria 1.638 m (5 ka 4+12 in) 1.578 m (5 ka 2+18 in) 18–74 Diukur 1994–1996

[33]

Norway 1.797 m (5 ka 10+1116 in) 1.672 m (5 ka 5+1316 in) Askar kerahan, 18–19 Diukur 2008 [45]
Peru 1.640 m (5 ka 4+58 in) 1.510 m (4 ka 11+38 in) 20+ Diukur 2005 [46]
Filipina 1.619 m (5 ka 3+1116 in) 1.502 m (4 ka 11+18 in) 20+ Diukur 2003 [47]
Filipina 1.634 m (5 ka 4+516 in) 1.517 m (4 ka 11+1116 in) 20-39 Diukur 2003 [47]
Portugal 1.728 m (5 ka 8 in) Askar kerahan, 21 Diukur 1998–99 [48]
Singapura 1.706 m (5 ka 7+316 in) 1.600 m (5 ka 3 in) 17–25 2003 [49]
South Africa 1.690 m (5 ka 6+12 in) 1.590 m (5 ka 2+58 in) 25–34 Diukur 1998 [50]
Korea Selatan 1.739 m (5 ka 8+12 in) 1.611 m (5 ka 3+38 in) 19 Diukur 2006 [51]
Sepanyol 1.761 m (5 ka 9+516 in) 1.655 m (5 ka 5+316 in) 21-25 Laporan sendiri 1997–2002 [3]
Sepanyol 1.780 m (5 ka 10+18 in) 1.650 m (5 ka 5 in) 21 Diukur 1998–2000 [52]
Sweden 1.779 m (5 ka 10 in) 1.646 m (5 ka 4+1316 in) 20–74 [53]
Sweden 1.815 m (5 ka 11+12 in) 1.668 m (5 ka 5+1116 in) 20–29 Diukur 2008 [54]
Switzerland 1.754 m (5 ka 9+18 in) 1.640 m (5 ka 4+58 in) 20–74 [53]
Switzerland 1.781 m (5 ka 10+18 in) Askar kerahan, 18–21 Diukur 2005 [55]
Thailand 1.675 m (5 ka 5+78 in) 1.573 m (5 ka 1+78 in) Penuntut STOU Laporan sendiri 1991–1995 [56]
TurkiAnkara 1.740 m (5 ka 8+12 in) 1.589 m (5 ka 2+58 in) 18-59 Diukur 2004–2006 [57]
TurkiAnkara 1.761 m (5 ka 9+516 in) 1.620 m (5 ka 3+1316 in) 18-29 Diukur 2004–2006 [57]
TurkiEdirne 1.737 m (5 ka 8+38 in) 1.614 m (5 ka 3+12 in) 17 Diukur 2001 [58]
United Kingdom 1.772 m (5 ka 9+1316 in) 1.634 m (5 ka 4+516 in) 25-34 Diukur 2007 [59]
United Kingdom 1.753 m (5 ka 9 in) 1.616 m (5 ka 3+58 in) Orang dewasa Diukur 2007 [59]
U.S. 1.763 m (5 ka 9+38 in) 1.622 m (5 ka 3+78 in) Keseluruhan, 20+ Diukur 2003–2006 [60]
U.S. 1.776 m (5 ka 9+78 in) 1.632 m (5 ka 4+516 in) Keseluruhan, 20–29 Diukur 2003–2006 [60]
U.S. 1.789 m (5 ka 10+38 in) 1.638 m (5 ka 4+12 in) Orang kulit putih, 20–39 Diukur 2003–2006 [60]
U.S. 1.760 m (5 ka 9+516 in) 1.632 m (5 ka 4+516 in) Afro-Amerika, 20–39 Diukur 2003–2006 [60]
U.S. 1.706 m (5 ka 7+316 in) 1.587 m (5 ka 2+12 in) Mexico-Amerika, 20–39 Diukur 2003–2006 [60]
Vietnam 1.65 m (5 ka 5 in) 1.53 m (5 ka +316 in) Remaja Diukur 2004 [61]
Vietnam 1.621 m (5 ka 3+1316 in) 1.522 m (4 ka 11+78 in) 25–29 Diukur 1992–1993 [14]

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

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