Edward II dari England

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Edward II
Edward II - detail of tomb.jpg
Raja England (lagi...)
Pemerintahan8 Julai 1307 – 20 Januari 1327
Kemahkotaan25 Februari 1308
Didahului olehEdward I
Diikuti olehEdward III
Keputeraan25 April 1284
Istana kota Caernarfon, Gwynedd, Wales
Kemangkatan21 September 1327 (umur 43)
Istana kota Berkeley, Gloucestershire
Pemakaman20 Disember 1327
Katedral Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
PasanganIsabella dari Perancis (k. 1308)
Anakanda
Butiran
KerabatPlantagenet
AyahandaEdward I, Raja England
BondaEleanor, Countess Ponthieu

Edward II (25 April 1284 – 21 September 1327), juga dipanggil Edward dari Carnarvon, adalah Raja England bermula pada tahun 1307 sehingga beliau diturunkan dari takhta pada bulan Januari 1327. Beliau merupakan anak lelaki ke-4 dari Edward I, Edward menjadi pewaris raja ke atas takhta selepas kematian abang beliau Alphonso. Bermula pada tahun 1300, Edward menenami bapa beliau dalam kempen-kempen untuk mengamankan Scotland, dan pada tahun 1306 telah disatriakan dalam satu upacara besar-besaran di Westminster Abbey. Selepas kematian bapa beliau, Edward menaiki takhta pada tahun 1307. Beliau mengahwini Isabella, anak perempuan kepada seorang Raja Philip IV dari Perancis yang berkuasa, pada tahun 1308, sebagai sebahagian daripada usaha-usaha panjang untuk menyelesaikan ketegangan antara takhta England dan Perancis.

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Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

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  • Horne, Peter (1999). "The Besotted King and His Adonis: Representations of Edward II and Gaveston in Late Nineteenth-Century England". History Workshop Journal. 47 (47): 30–48. doi:10.1093/hwj/1999.47.30. ISSN 1477-4569. 
  • Jordan, William Chester (1996). The Great Famine: Northern Europe in the Early Fourteenth Century. Princeton, US: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-05891-7. 
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  • Mortimer, Ian (2005). "The Death of Edward II in Berkeley Castle". English Historical Review. 120 (489): 1175–1224. doi:10.1093/ehr/cei329. ISSN 0013-8266. 
  • Mortimer, Ian (2006). "Sermons of Sodomy: A Reconsideration of Edward II's Sodomitical Reputation". dalam Dodd, Gwilym; Musson, Anthony. The Reign of Edward II: New Perspectives. Woodbridge, UK: York Medieval Press. m/s. 48–60. ISBN 978-1-903153-19-2. 
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  • Schofield, Phillipp R. (2005). "King Edward II: Edward of Caernarfon, His Life, His Reign, and Its Aftermath, 1284–1330 by Roy Martin Haines". Speculum. 80 (4): 1295–1296. doi:10.1017/s0038713400001780. ISSN 0038-7134. 
  • Smallwood, M. (1973). "The Lament of Edward II". Modern Language Review. 68 (3): 521–529. doi:10.2307/3724989. ISSN 0026-7937. JSTOR 3724989. 
  • Tebbit, Alistair (2005). "Royal Patronage and Political Allegiance: The Household Knights of Edward II, 1314–1321". dalam Prestwich, Michael; Britnell, Richard; Frame, Robin. Thirteenth Century England: The Proceedings of the Durham Conference, 2003. X. Woodbridge, UK: The Boydell Press. m/s. 197–209. ISBN 978-1-84383-122-8. 
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  • Valente, Claire (2002). "The 'Lament of Edward II': Religious Lyric, Political Propaganda". Speculum. 77 (2): 422–439. doi:10.2307/3301327. ISSN 0038-7134. JSTOR 3301327. 

External links[sunting | sunting sumber]

Edward II dari England
Tarikh keputeraan: 25 April 1284 Tarikh kemangkatan: 21 September 1327?
Gelaran pemerintah
Didahului oleh
Edward I
Raja England
Duke Aquitaine
Lord Ireland

1307–1327
Diikuti oleh:
Edward III
Didahului oleh
Eleanor dan Edward I
Count Ponthieu
1290–1327
Kerabat diraja England
Kosong
  Gelaran dipegang dahulu oleh  
Llywelyn ap Gruffudd
Putera Wales
1301–1307
Kosong
  Gelaran dipegang kemudian oleh  
Edward, si Putera Hitam

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