Penyerbuan Bersekutu ke atas Itali

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Penyerbuan Itali
Sebahagian daripada Kempen Itali dalam Perang Dunia II
ItalySalernoInvasion1943.jpg
Askar dan kenderaan mendarat dibawah tembakan meriam semasa menyerbu tanah besar Itali di Salerno, September 1943.
Tarikh 3–17 September 1943
Lokasi Salerno, Calabria dan Taranto, Itali
Hasil Kemenangan Bersekutu
Pihak yang terlibat
 United Kingdom
 Amerika Syarikat
 Kanada
 Jerman Nazi
 Itali
(hingga 8 September)
Komander
Amerika Syarikat Dwight D. Eisenhower
United Kingdom Harold Alexander
United Kingdom Bernard Montgomery
Amerika Syarikat Mark W. Clark
Jerman Nazi Albert Kesselring
Jerman Nazi Heinrich von Vietinghoff
Jerman Nazi Hans-Valentin Hube
Kekuatan
189,000 anggota (pada 16 September) 100,000 anggota
Korban
2,009 terbunuh
7,050 cedera
3,501 hilang
3,500 kasualti[1]
(incl 630 terbunuh)[1]

Penyerbuan Bersekutu terhadap Itali adalah pendaratan amfibia pihak Bersekutu ke atas tanah besar Itali yang berlaku pada 3 September 1943 pada peringkat awal Kempen Itali semasa Perang Dunia II. Operasi ini dijalankan oleh Kumpulan Tentera Darat Ke-15 Jeneral Sir Harold Alexander (mengandungi Tentera Darat Kelima AS Leftenan Jeneral Mark W. Clark dan Tentera Darat Kelapan British Jeneral Bernard Montgomery) dan mengikuti kejayaan penyerbuan Sicily. Pasukan serbuan utama mendarat sekitar Salerno pada 9 September di pantai barat dalam Operasi Avalanche, manakala dua operasi sokongan berlaku di Calabria (Operasi Baytown) dan Taranto (Operasi Slapstick).

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:ACMH
  • Atkinson, Rick (2007). The Day of Battle. Two. New York: Henry Holt and Company. ISBN 0-8050-6289-0.
  • Churchill, Winston; Langworth, Richard (2008). Churchill by Himself: The Definitive Collection of Quotations. New York: PublicAffairs.
  • Clark, Lloyd (2006). Anzio: The Friction of War - Italy and the Battle for Rome 1944. Headline Publishing Group, London. ISBN 978-0-7553-1420-1.
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  • Fifth Army Historical Section (1990) [1944]. Salerno: American Operations From the Beaches to the Volturno 9 September - 6 October 1943. American Forces in Action Series. Washington: United States Army Center of Military History. ISBN 0-16-001998-2. CMH Pub 100-7.
  • Grigg, John (1982). 1943: The Victory that Never Was. Kensington Pub Corp. ISBN 0-8217-1596-8.
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  • Mavrogordato, Ralph S. (2000) [1960]. "Chapter 12: Hitler's Decision on the Defense of Italy". Dalam Greenfield, Kent Roberts (penyunting). Command Decisions. Washington: United States Army Center of Military History. CMH Pub 72-7.
  • Molony, Brigadier C.J.C.; with Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Davies, Major-General H.L. & Gleave, Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1973]. Butler, Sir James (penyunting). The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume V: The Campaign in Sicily 1943 and The Campaign in Italy 3rd September 1943 to 31st March 1944. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-84574-069-6.
  • Muhm, Gerhard (1993). La Tattica tedesca nella Campagna d'Italia, in Linea Gotica avanposto dei Balcani, (Hrsg.) (dalam bahasa Italian). Roma: Amedeo Montemaggi - Edizioni Civitas.Selenggaraan CS1: bahasa tidak dikenali (link)
  • Muhm, Gerhard. "German Tactics in the Italian Campaign".
  • Orgill, Douglas (1967). The Gothic Line (The Autumn Campaign in Italy 1944). London: Heinemann.
  • Potter, E.B.; Nimitz, Chester W. (1960). Sea Power. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
  • Smith, Col. Kenneth V. (c. 1990). Naples-Foggia 9 September 1943-21 January 1944. The U.S. Army Campaigns of World War II Campaigns. Washington: United States Army Center of Military History. CMH Pub 72-17.
  • Terdoslavich, William. "Nothing Goes Right in Italy", in Fawcett, Bill, ed. How to Lose WWII, pp. 156–60. New York: Harper, 2000.

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  1. ^ a b Atkinson p.236