Chelodina

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Chelodina
Julat zaman: Eocene–Kini
Australsnturtle2.jpg
Kura-kura Leher Ular Australia
(Chelodina longicollis)
Pengelasan saintifik
Alam: Haiwan
Filum: Kordata
Kelas: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Suborder: Pleurodira
Keluarga: Chelidae
Subkeluarga: Chelodininae
Genus: Chelodina
Fitzinger, 1826 [1]
Distribution map of Chelodina species.png

Chelodina, secara umum dikenali sebagai kura-kura leher ular. Genus kura-kura ini terdiri daripada pelbagai spesies dari keluarga Chelidae serta mempunyai sejarah penamaan taksa yang sangat rumit.[2] Walaupun sebelum ini, Macrochelodina dan Macrodiremys diasingkan sebagai genus lain, namun kini mereka disatukan di bawah subgenus Chelodina.[2]

Chelodina ialah sekumpulan kura-kura dari keluarga Chelidae yang berasal dari Australia, New Guinea, dan sebahagian Indonesia, iaitu Pulau Roti, dan Timor Timur. Kura-kura dari subgenus ini bersaiz kecil dan sederhana, memiliki karapas yang lonjong dan berleher sisi.

Macrochelodina merujuk kepada spesies kumpulan B Chelodina, atau berleher tebal. Subgenus ini dicadangkan pada tahun 1985 oleh Wells & Wellington (sebagai genus baru) namun tidak diiktiraf sehinggalah kini nama itu mula diterima dan dianggap sah. Mereka terdiri daripada kura-kura dari keluarga Chelidae dengan leher yang sangat panjang dan kepala rata. Menjadikan ikan sebagai diet, bersaiz sederhana dan besar seperti Chelodina (Macrochelodina) expansa yang mempunyai panjang sehingga 45cm.[3] Fosil pertama, Chelodina (Macrochelodina) alanrixi dijumpai berasal dari Queensland daripada zaman Eocene (Lapparent de Broin, F. de, & Molnar, R. E., 2001).[4]

Macrodiremys ialah genus monotip yang dikeluarkan daripada senarai Chelodina.[5] Satu-satunya ahli yang tinggal ialah Chelodina (Macrodiremys) colliei dari barat Australia.

Taksonomi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Taksonomi terkini dicadangkan oleh Georges & Thomson, 2010[2] dengan kemaskini terbaharu oleh van Dijk et al. 2014.[6]

Sinonim[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Chelodina (Fitzinger 1826)
    • Chelodina (Fitzinger 1826:6)
    • Hydraspis (Bell 1828:512)
    • Chelyodina (Agassiz 1846:79) (nomen novum)
    • Hesperochelodina (Wells & Wellington 1985:9) (nomen nudum)
    • Macrochelodina (Wells & Wellington 1985:9)
    • Macrodiremys (McCord & Joseph-Ouni 2007:57)
  • Jenis Spesies:
    • Chelodina: Chelodina longicollis (Shaw, 1794)
    • Macrochelodina: Chelodina rugosa (Ogilby 1890:56) = Chelodina oblonga (Gray 1841)
    • Macrodiremys: Chelodina oblonga (McCord & Joseph-Ouni 2007) = Chelodina colliei

Spesies[sunting | sunting sumber]

Subgenus: Chelodina (Fitzinger, 1826)

Subgenus: Macrochelodina (Wells & Wellington, 1985)[12]

Subgenus: Macrodiremys (McCord & Joseph-Uoni 2007)[5]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Fitzinger LJFJ. 1826. Neue classification der reptilien nach ihren natürlichen verwandtschaften. Nebst einer verwandtschafts-tafel und einem verzeichnisse der reptilien-sammlung des K. K. zoologischen museum's zu Wien. J.G. Hübner, Wien. vii, 66 pp.
  2. ^ a b c Georges, A. & Thomson, S. 2010. Diversity of Australasian freshwater turtles, with an annotated synonymy and keys to species. Zootaxa 2496: 1–37.
  3. ^ Macrochelodina expansa (Grey, 1856) - Broad-Shelled Turtle Diarkibkan 2010-12-31 di Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Lapparent de Broin, F. de, & Molnar, R. E., 2001: Eocene chelid turtles from Redbank Plains, Southeast Queensland, Australia. Geodiversitas: Vol. 23, #1, pp. 41-79
  5. ^ a b McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Uoni, M. (2007a). A New Genus of Australian Longneck Turtle (Testudines: Chelidae) and a New Species of Macrochelodina from the Kimberley Region of Western Australia (Australia. Reptilia 31:56–64.
  6. ^ Turtle Taxonomy Working Group [van Dijk, P.P., Iverson, J.B., Rhodin, A.G.J., Shaffer, H.B., and Bour, R.]. 2014. Turtles of the world, 7th edition: annotated checklist of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution with maps, and conservation status. In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Pritchard, P.C.H., van Dijk, P.P., Saumure, R.A., Buhlmann, K.A., Iverson, J.B., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group. Chelonian Research Monographs 5(7):000.329–479, doi:10.3854/ crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014.
  7. ^ McCord W, Thomson S. (2002). A new species of Chelodina (Testudines: Pleurodira: Chelidae) from Northern Australia. Journal of Herpetology 36(2):255-267. PDF
  8. ^ Chelodina gunaleni, The Reptile Database
  9. ^ Rhodin, Anders G.J. (1994b). Chelid turtles of the Australasian Archipelago: II. A new species of Chelodina from Roti Island, Indonesia. Breviora 498:1–31.PDF
  10. ^ Yates (2013). A new species of long-necked turtle (Pleurodira: Chelidae: Chelodina) from the late Miocene Alcoota Local Fauna, Northern Territory, Australia. PeerJ 1:e170; DOI 10.7717/peerj.170
  11. ^ Rhodin, Anders G.J. (1994a). Chelid turtles of the Australasian Archipelago: I. A new species of Chelodina from southeastern Papua New Guinea. Breviora 497:1–36. PDF
  12. ^ Wells, R.W. and Wellington, C.R. (1985). A classification of the amphibia and reptilia of Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology, Supplementary Series. 1:1-61.
  13. ^ Lapparent de Broin, F. de, & Molnar, R.E. (2001). Eocene chelid turtles from Redbank Plains, Southeast Queensland, Australia. Geodiversitas 23(1):41-79.
  14. ^ de Vis, C.W. (1897). The extinct freshwater turtles of Queensland. Annals of the Queensland Museum 3: 3-7.
  15. ^ Thomson S., Kennett R. and Georges A. (2000). A new species of long necked turtle (Chelidae:Chelodina) from the sandstone plateau of Arnhem Land, Northern Australia. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 3:675-685.
  16. ^ Cann, John (1997d). Kuchling’s turtle. Monitor (Journal of the Victorian Herpetological Society) 9(1):41–44,32.
  17. ^ Gray, John Edward (1841). A catalogue of the species of reptiles and amphibia hitherto described as inhabiting Australia, with a description of some new species from Western Australia, and some remarks on their geographical distribution. In: Grey, G. Journals of Two Expeditions of Discovery in Northwest and Western Australia. London: T. and W. Boone, Vol. 2. Appendix E, pp. 422–449.
  18. ^ McCord, William P. and Joseph-Ouni, Mehdi (2007b). A new genus of Australian longneck turtle (Testudines: Chelidae) and a new species of Macrochelodina from the Kimberley region of Western Australia. (Australia). Reptilia (GB) (Barcelona) 55:56–64.
  19. ^ Gray, John Edward (1856a). On some new species of freshwater tortoises from North America, Ceylon and Australia, in the collection of the British Museum. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1855[1856](23):197–202.

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