Asia

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Asia
اسيا
Globe centered on Asia, with Asia highlighted. The continent is shaped like a right-angle triangle, with Europe to the west, oceans to the south and east, and Australia visible to the south-east.
Kawasan 44,579,000 km2 (17,212,000 batu²)[1]
Penduduk 3,879,000,000 (1st)[2]
Ketumpatan penduduk 87/km2 (225/sq mi)
Demonim Asian
Negara 48 (Senarai negara)
Kebergantungan
Kawasan yang tidak diiktiraf
Bahasa Senarai bahasa
Zon masa UTC+2 to UTC+12
TLD .asia
Bandar terbesar

Senarai kawasan metropolitan di Asia oleh penduduk

Peta dunia menunjukkan Asia

Benua Asia ialah sebuah kawasan yang meliputi Arab Saudi di barat, Russia di utara, Kepulauan Maldives di selatan, dan Jepun di timur. Sempadan Asia-Eropah dikatakan terletak di Laut Caspia, Laut Hitam, Pergunungan Caucus, Laut Marmara, Sungai Ural dan Pergunungan Ural. Manakala sempadan Asia-Afrika ialah Terusan Suez, dan Asia-Australia terletak di sempadan Papua, Indonesia dan Papua New Guinea.

Asia merupakan benua yang terbesar di dunia iaitu 55.8 juta km persegi.

Benua ini menempatkan jumlah penduduk paling ramai, iaitu lebih kurang 60% daripada populasi dunia.

Kedudukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Benua Asia menganjung dari garis bujur 28' Timur sehingga 170' Barat dan dari garis lintang 10 ' Selatan sehingga 75' Utara. Benua Asia direntasi oleh Garisan Artik, Garisan Sartan dan Garisan Khatulistiwa.

Geografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Asia dibahagikan kepada beberapa sub-kawasan:

Bendera Jata Nama Populasi
Kawasan
(km²)
Ibu kota
Afghanistan Emblem of Afghanistan.svg Afghanistan 30,419,928 647,500 Kabul
Armenia Coat of arms of Armenia.svg Armenia 2,970,495 29,743 Yerevan
Azerbaijan Emblem of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan 9,493,600 86,600 Baku
Bahrain Emblem of Bahrain.svg Bahrain 1,248,348 760 Manama
Bangladesh National emblem of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh 150,039,000 147,570 Dhaka
Bhutan Emblem of Bhutan.svg Bhutan 716,896 38,394 Thimphu
Brunei Emblem of Brunei.svg Brunei 408,786 5,765 Bandar Seri Begawan
Burma State seal of Myanmar.svg Burma (Myanmar) 54,584,650 676,578 Naypyidaw
Kemboja Coat of arms of Cambodia.svg Cambodia 14,952,665 181,035 Phnom Penh
Republik Rakyat China National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg China (PRC) 1,343,239,923 9,596,961 Beijing
Cyprus Coat of Arms of Cyprus.svg Cyprus 1,099,341 9,251 Nicosia
Timor Leste Coat of arms of East Timor.svg East Timor 1,143,667 14,874 Dili
Georgia (negara) Greater coat of arms of Georgia.svg Georgia 4,570,934 69,700 Tbilisi
India Emblem of India.svg India 1,205,073,612 3,287,263 New Delhi
Indonesia National emblem of Indonesia Garuda Pancasila.svg Indonesia 248,645,008 1,904,569 Jakarta
Iran Emblem of Iran.svg Iran 78,868,711 1,648,195 Tehran
Iraq Coat of arms (emblem) of Iraq 2008.svg Iraq 31,129,225 438,317 Baghdad
Israel Emblem of Israel.svg Israel 7,590,758 20,770 Jerusalem
Jepun Imperial Seal of Japan.svg Japan 127,368,088 377,915 Tokyo
Jordan Coat of arms of Jordan.svg Jordan 6,508,887 89,342 Amman
Kazakhstan Emblem of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan 17,522,010 2,724,900 Astana
Kuwait Coat of arms of Kuwait.svg Kuwait 2,646,314 17,818 Kuwait City
Kyrgyzstan National emblem of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan 5,496,737 199,951 Bishkek
Laos Emblem of Laos.svg Laos 6,586,266 236,800 Vientiane
Lubnan Coat of arms of Lebanon.svg Lebanon 4,140,289 10,400 Beirut
Malaysia Malaysia 29,179,952 329,847 Kuala Lumpur
Maldives Coat of arms of Maldives.svg Maldives 394,451 298 Malé
Mongolia State emblem of Mongolia.svg Mongolia 3,179,997 1,564,116 Ulaanbaatar
Nepal Coat of arms of Nepal.svg Nepal 29,890,686 147,181 Kathmandu
Korea Utara Emblem of North Korea.svg Korea Utara 24,589,122 120,538 Pyongyang
Oman National emblem of Oman.svg Oman 3,090,150 309,500 Muscat
Pakistan State emblem of Pakistan.svg Pakistan 190,291,129 796,095 Islamabad
Palestin Palestine COA (alternative).svg Palestine 4,279,699 6,220 Gaza/Ramallah
Filipina Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg Philippines 300,000 Manila
Qatar Emblem of Qatar.svg Qatar 1,951,591 11,586 Doha
Rusia Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation.svg Russia 142,517,670 17,098,242 Moscow
Arab Saudi Coat of arms of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia 26,534,504 2,149,690 Riyadh
Singapura Coat of arms of Singapore (blazon).svg Singapore 5,353,494 697 Singapore
Sri Lanka Emblem of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka 21,481,334 65,610 Colombo
Korea Selatan Emblem of South Korea.svg South Korea 50,004,441 100,210 Seoul
Syria Coat of arms of Syria.svg Syria 22,530,746 185,180 Damascus
Taiwan Republic of China National Emblem.svg Taiwan (ROC) 23,261,747 36,193 Taipei
Tajikistan Emblem of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan 7,768,385 143,100 Dushanbe
Thailand Garuda Emblem of Thailand.svg Thailand 67,091,089 513,120 Bangkok
Turki Türkiye arması.svg Turkey 79,749,461 783,562 Ankara
Turkmenistan Emblem of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan 5,054,828 488,100 Ashgabat
Emiriah Arab Bersatu Emblem of the United Arab Emirates.svg United Arab Emirates 5,314,317 83,600 Abu Dhabi
Uzbekistan Coat of arms of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan 28,394,180 447,400 Tashkent
Vietnam Coat of arms of Vietnam.svg Vietnam 91,519,289 331,212 Hanoi
Yaman Emblem of Yemen.svg Yemen 24,771,809 527,968 Sana'a

Asia Utara[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Russia (Moscow)

Asia Tengah[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Kazakhstan (Astana)
  2. Uzbekistan (Tashkent)
  3. Tajikistan (Dushanbe)
  4. Turkmenistan (Ashgabat)
  5. Kyrgyzstan (Bishkek)
  6. Afghanistan (Kabul)

Kadang-kadang termasuk:

  1. wilayah-wilayah PR China seperti Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Tibet dan Xinjiang

Asia Timur[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Jepun (Tokyo)
  2. PDR Korea (Pyongyang)
  3. Republik Korea (Seoul)
  4. PR China (Beijing)
  5. ROC Taiwan (Taipei)
  6. Mongolia (Ulan Bator)

Asia Tenggara[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur)
  2. Thailand (Bangkok)
  3. Laos (Vientiane)
  4. Kemboja (Phnom Penh)
  5. Vietnam (Hanoi)
  6. Filipina (Manila)
  7. Brunei Darussalam (Bandar Seri Begawan)
  8. Indonesia (Jakarta)
  9. Singapura (Singapore City)
  10. Timor Leste (Dili)
  11. Myanmar (Naypyidaw)

Asia Selatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. India (New Delhi)
  2. Pakistan (Islamabad)
  3. Bangladesh (Dhaka)
  4. Nepal (Kathmandu)
  5. Bhutan (Thimphu)
  6. Sri Lanka (Sri Jayawardenapura-Kotte)
  7. Maldives (Malé)

Asia Barat[sunting | sunting sumber]

Levan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Turki (Ankara)
  2. Jordan (Amman)
  3. Lubnan (Beirut)
  4. Syria (Damsyik)
  5. Palestin (Baitulmaqdis)

Semenanjung Arab[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Arab Saudi (Riyadh)
  2. Emiriah Arab Bersatu (Abu Dhabi)
  3. Yaman (Sana'a)
  4. Qatar (Doha)
  5. Bahrain (Manama)
  6. Oman (Muscat)
  7. Iraq (Baghdad)
  8. Kuwait (Kuwait City)

Pelantar Iran[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Iran (Tehran)

Caucasus[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Republik Georgia (Tbilisi)
  2. Azerbaijan (Baku)
  3. Armenia (Yerevan)

Senarai negara-negara Asia mengikut populasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sesetengah negara seperti Georgia, Azerbaijan dan Armenia boleh juga dianggap sebahagian Eropah.

Tebing Barat dan Gaza digabungkan sebagai Palestin.

negara kepadatan penduduk luas penduduk
  (km-2) (km2) (2002-07-01 est.)
Macau (PRC) 18,000 25 461,833
Hong Kong (PRC) 6,688 1,092 7,303,334
Singapura 6,430 693 4,452,732
Maldives 1,070 300 320,165
Bahrain 987 665 656,397
Bangladesh 926 144,000 133,376,684
Republik China (Taiwan, Quemoy, Matsu) 627 35,980 22,548,009
Palestin 545 6,220 3,389,578
Korea Selatan 491 98,480 48,324,000
Lubnan 354 10,400 3,677,780
Jepun 336 377,835 126,974,628
India 318 3,287,590 1,045,845,226
Sri Lanka 298 65,610 19,576,783
Israel 290 20,770 6,029,529
Filipina 282 300,000 84,525,639
Vietnam 246 329,560 81,098,416
Korea Utara 184 120,540 22,224,195
Nepal 184 140,800 25,873,917
Pakistan 184 803,940 147,663,429
Republik Rakyat China (Tanah Besar) 134 9,596,960 1,284,303,705
Thailand 121 514,000 62,354,402
Indonesia 121 1,919,440 231,328,092
Kuwait 118 17,820 2,111,561
Armenia 112 29,800 3,330,099
Syria 93 185,180 17,155,814
Azerbaijan 90 86,600 7,798,497
Turki 86 780,580 67,308,928
Georgia 71 69,700 4,960,951
Kemboja 71 181,040 12,775,324
Mesir 71 1,001,450 70,712,345
Qatar 69 11,437 793,341
Malaysia 69 329,750 22,662,365
Timor Timur 63 15,007 952,618
Myanmar 62 678,500 42,238,224
Brunei 61 5,770 350,898
Jordan 58 92,300 5,307,470
Uzbekistan 57 447,400 25,563,441
Iraq 55 437,072 24,001,816
Tajikistan 47 143,100 6,719,567
Bhutan 45 47,000 2,094,176
Afghanistan 43 647,500 27,755,775
Iran 40 1,648,000 66,622,704
Yaman 35 527,970 18,701,257
Amiriah Arab Bersatu 30 82,,880 2,445,989
Laos 24 236,800 5,777,180
Kyrgyzstan 24 198,500 4,822,166
Oman 13 212,460 2,713,462
Arab Saudi 12 1,960,582 23,513,330
Turkmenistan 9.6 488,100 4,688,963
Russia 8.5 17,075,200 144,978,573
Kazakhstan 6.2 2,717,300 16,741,519
Mongolia 1.7 1,565,000 2,694,432

Pertubuhan antarabangsa[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. National Geographic Family Reference Atlas of the World. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society (U.S.). 2006. m/s. 264. 
  2. "Continents of the World". The List. Worldatlas.com. Diarkibkan dari yang asal pada 22 July 2011. http://www.worldatlas.com/geoquiz/thelist.htm. Capaian 25 July 2011.