Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo

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Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo
  • Pentadbir Apostolik Emeritus Díli
  • Uskup Titular Lorium
Bishop Carlos Belo
TakhtaLorium (Titular See)
PendahuluEnnio Appignanesi
Perintah
Ditahbiskan26 Julai 1980
Konsekrasi19 Jun 1988
Butiran peribadi
Kelahiran (1948-02-03) 3 Februari 1948 (umur 71)
Baucau, Portuguese Timor
WarganegaraEast Timorese
DenominasiKatolik
Ibu bapa
  • Domingos Vaz Filipe
  • Ermelinda Baptista Filipe
TandatanganSignature of Filipe Ximenes Belo

Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo SDB, GCL (lahir 3 Februari 1948) ialah seorang uskup Roman Katolik Timor Timur. Kehidupan keagamaannya secara terbuka mengecam pendudukan Indonesia brutal negaranya. Pada tahun 1996, beliau berkongsi Hadiah Keamanan Nobel dengan José Ramos-Horta untuk bekerja "ke arah penyelesaian yang adil dan damai terhadap konflik di Timor Timur".[1][2]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Fernandes, C. The Independence of East Timor. Sussex Academic Press 2011.
  2. ^ "John Humphrey Freedom Award 2009". Rights & Democracy. 2010. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 27 September 2011. Dicapai 11 May 2011. 

Sumber utama[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Belo, Carlos Filipe Ximenes. “The Nobel Lecture,” given by The Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1996, Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, Titular bishop of Lorium and Apostolic Administrator of Dili (East Timor): Oslo, 10 December 1996. ANS Mag: A Periodical for the Salesian Community, year 3, no. 25 (December 1996).

Pelajaran[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Colombo, Ferdinando. “Timor Anno Zero,” in Bollettino Salesiano 124.4 (April 2000): 18–20.
  • Cristalis, Irena. Bitter Dawn: East Timor: A People’s Story. London: Zed Books, 2002.
  • De Vanna, Umberto. “Il mondo ha scelto Timor,” in Bollettino Salesiano 121.2 (February 1997): 4–5.
  • De Vanna, Umberto. “Il nobel per la pace: La forza della non-violenza a Timor Est,” in Bollettino Salesiano 120.11 (December 1997): 4–5.
  • Garulo, Carlos. “The Nobel Prize for Peace: who is Bishop Belo?” ANS Mag: A Periodical for the Salesian Community, year 3, no. 23 (November 1996): 6–8. English language edition.
  • Hainsworth, Paul, and Stephen McCloskey, eds. The East Timor Question: The Struggle for Independence from Indonesia. Forward by John Pilger; Preface by José Ramos-Horta. London: I. B. Tauris, 2000.
  • Jardine, Matthew. East Timor: Genocide in Paradise. Introduction by Noam Chomsky; Real Story Series, 2nd ed. Monroe, ME: Odonian Press, 1999.
  • Kohen, Arnold. From the Place of the Dead: the epic struggles of Bishop Belo of East Timor. Introduction by the Dalai Lama. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1999.
  • Lennox, Rowena. Fighting Spirit of East Timor: The Life of Martinho da Costa Lopes. London: Zed Books, 2000.
  • Marker, Jamsheed; East Timor: a Memoir of the Negotiations of Independence. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2003.
  • Nicol, Bill. Timor, A Nation Reborn. Jakarta: Equinox, 2002.
  • Orlando, Vito. “Timor… più che paura!” in Bollettino Salesiano 124.1 (January 2000): 18–20.
  • Pinto, Constâncio, and Matthew Jardine. East Timor’s Unfinished Struggle: Inside the Timorese Resistance: A Testimony. Preface by José António Ramos-Horta. Forward by Allan Nairn. Boston: South End Press, 1996.
  • Puthenkadam, Peter, ed. Iingreja iha Timor Loro Sa’e – Tinan. Dili: Kendiaman Uskup, 1997.
  • Smith, Michael G. Peacekeeping in East Timor, The Path to Independence, by Michael G. Smith, with Moreen Dee. International Peace Academy: Occasional Paper Series. 1st US ed. Boulder, Col.: Lynne Rienner, 2003.
  • Stracca, Silvano. “Un vescovo e il suo popolo,” in Bollettino Salesiano 120.1 (January 1996): 10–12
  • Subroto, Hendro. Eyewitness to Integration of East Timor. Jatkarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan, 1997.
  • Taylor, John G. East Timor The Price of Freedom. London: Zed Books, 1999.
  • Taylor, John G. Indonesia’s Forgotten War, The Hidden History of East Timor. London: Zed Books, 1991.
Gelaran Gereja Katolik Rom
Didahului oleh
Martinho da Costa Lopes
Pentadbir Apostolik Díli
1988–2002
Diikuti oleh:
Basílio do Nascimento