John Boyd Orr

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The Lord Boyd-Orr
John Boyd Orr nobel.jpg
LahirJohn Boyd Orr
(1880-09-23)23 September 1880
Kilmaurs, Ayrshire Barat
Meninggal dunia25 Jun 1971(1971-06-25) (umur 90)
Edzell, Angus
KerakyatanUnited Kingdom
WarganegaraScotland
BidangBiologi
Perubatan
Pemakanan
InstitusiUniversiti Glasgow
Institut Penyelidikan Rowett
Pertubuhan Makanan dan Pertanian
Pusat pendidikanUniversiti Glasgow
Penasihat kedoktoranE.P. Cathcart
Dikenali keranapemakanan zaman perang
PengaruhE.P. Cathcart
Diarmid Noel Paton
Samuel Gemmill
AnugerahBellahouston Gold Medal
Hadiah Keamanan Nobel
Fellow of the Royal Society[1]

John Boyd Orr, 1st Baron Boyd-Orr from Brechin Mearns, CH, DSO, MC, FRS, FRSE (23 September 1880 – 25 Jun 1971), atau Sir John Boyd Orr dari 1935 hingga 1949, merupakan seorang guru, doktor, ahli biologi dan ahli politik Scotland yang menerima Hadiah Keamanan Nobel untuk penyelidikan saintifiknya dalam pemakanan dan jawatannya sebagai Ketua Pengarah Pertubuhan Makanan dan Pertanian Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu (FAO). Beliau merupakan pengasas bersama dan Presiden pertama (1960-1971) dari Akademi Seni dan Sains Dunia (WAAS).[2][3]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Kay, H. D. (1972). "John Boyd Orr. Baron Boyd Orr of Brechin Mearns 1880–1971". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 18: 43–81. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1972.0004. PMID 11615751. 
  2. ^ Cuthbertson, D. P. (2007). "Lord Boyd Orr (23 September 1880 to 25 June 1971)". British Journal of Nutrition. 27 (1): 1–5. doi:10.1079/BJN19720063. PMID 4550999. 
  3. ^ "Orr, John Boyd". The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/31519. 

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • "Obituary". The Times. 26 June 1971. Diarkibkan daripada asal (Fee – Registration required) pada 2013-05-05. Dicapai 2009-03-29. 
  • Archives
    • National Library of Scotland, correspondence and papers
    • The National Archives Public Record Office (TNA: PRO), reports on Germany, MH79/358
    • National Archives of Scotland, correspence with Lord Lothian
    • Rowett Research Institute, Aberdeenshire, corresp. and papers relating to Rowett Research Institute
  • Likenesses from the National Portrait Gallery
    • Lida Moser, photograph, 1949, National Portrait Gallery (London) (NPG) [see illus.]
    • B. Schotz, bronze head, 1950, Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery, Glasgow
    • W. Stoneman, bromide print, 1953, NPG
    • Elliott & Fry, photograph, NPG
    • Elliott & Fry, vintage print, 1942, NPG
    • photograph, repro. in Kay, Memoirs FRS
  • Nobel Committee information on 1949 Peace Prize

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jawatan akademik
Didahului oleh
Sir Archibald Sinclair, Bt
Rektor Universiti Glasgow
1945–1947
Diikuti oleh:
Walter Elliot
Didahului oleh
Sir Daniel Macaulay Stevenson
Canselor Universiti Glasgow
1946–1971
Diikuti oleh:
Sir Alexander Cairncross
Parlimen United Kingdom
Didahului oleh
George Alexander Morrison and
Sir John Anderson dam
Noel Skelton
Ahli Parlimen Gabungan Universiti Scotland
1945–1946
Diikuti oleh:
Walter Elliot dan
Sir John Anderson dan
Noel Skelton
Bangsawan United Kingdom
Gelaran Baru Baron Boyd-Orr
1949–1971
Pupus
Anugerah dan pencapaian
Kosong
  Gelaran dipegang dahulu oleh  
Friends Service Council
American Friends Service Committee
Penerima Hadiah Keamanan Nobel
1949
Diikuti oleh:
Ralph Bunche