Jadual Tapak Warisan Dunia mengikut negara

Daripada Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas.
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Tapak Warisan Dunia mengikut negara

Sehingga Julai 2018, terdapat sejumlah 1,092 tapak Warisan Dunia yang terletak di 167 Negara Pihak (negara yang mematuhi Konvensyen Warisan Dunia), di mana 845 adalah budaya, 209 adalah semula jadi dan 38 adalah sifat bercampur.[1] Negara-negara telah dibahagikan oleh Jawatankuasa Warisan Dunia ke lima zon geografi: Afrika, Negara Arab, Asia dan Pasifik, Eropah dan Amerika Utara, dan Amerika Latin dan Caribbean. Negara dengan jumlah tapak yang paling banyak (termasuk tapak yang dikongsi dengan negara lain) ialah Itali, dengan 54 kemasukan.[2] Negara dengan tapak terbesar dengan sendirinya sahaja (tidak termasuk laman web yang dikongsi dengan negara lain) ialah China, dengan 53 penyertaan.[3]

Senarai Tapak Warisan Dunia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Negara Tapak asli Tapak budaya Tapak bercampur Jumlah tapak Tapak dikongsi[4] Wilayah UNESCO
Afghanistan Afghanistan 2 2 Asia and the Pacific
Albania Albania 1[note 1] 2 3 1 Europe and North America
Algeria Algeria 6 1 7 Arab States
Andorra Andorra 1 1 Europe and North America
Angola Angola 1 1 Africa
Antigua dan Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda 1 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
Argentina Argentina 5 6[note 2][note 3][note 4] 11 3 Latin America and the Caribbean
Armenia Armenia 2 1 3 Europe and North America
Australia Australia 12 3 4 19 Asia and the Pacific
Austria Austria 1[note 1] 9[note 5][note 6] 10 3 Europe and North America
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 2 2 Europe and North America
Bahrain Bahrain 2 2 Arab States
Bangladesh Bangladesh 1 2 3 Asia and the Pacific
Barbados Barbados 1 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
Belarus Belarus 1[note 7] 3[note 8] 4 2 Europe and North America
Belgium Belgium 1[note 1] 12[note 9][note 3] 13 3 Europe and North America
Belize Belize 1 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
Benin Benin 1[note 10] 1 2 1 Africa
Bolivia Bolivia 1 6[note 4] 7 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
Bosnia dan Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 3[note 11] 3 1 Europe and North America
Botswana Botswana 1 1 2 Africa
Brazil Brazil 7 14[note 2] 21 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
Bulgaria Bulgaria 3[note 1] 7 10 1 Europe and North America
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 1[note 10] 1 2 1 Africa
Kemboja Cambodia 3 3 Asia and the Pacific
Cameroon Cameroon 2[note 12] 2 1 Africa
Kanada Canada 10[note 13] 8 18 2 Europe and North America
Tanjung Verde Cape Verde 1 1 Africa
Republik Afrika Tengah Central African Republic 2[note 12] 2 1 Africa
Chad Chad 1 1 2 Africa
Chile Chile 6[note 4] 6 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
Republik Rakyat China China 13 36[note 14] 4 53 1 Asia and the Pacific
Colombia Colombia 2 6[note 4] 1 9 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
Congo Congo 1[note 12] 1 1 Africa
Costa Rica Costa Rica 3[note 15] 1 4 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
Côte d'Ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 3[note 16] 1 4 1 Africa
Croatia Croatia 2 8[note 11] 10 3 Europe and North America
Cuba Cuba 2 7 9 Latin America and the Caribbean
Cyprus Cyprus 3 3 Europe and North America
Republik Czech Czech Republic 12 12 Europe and North America
Korea Utara Democratic People's Republic of Korea 2 2 Asia and the Pacific
Republik Demokratik Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 5 5 Africa
Denmark Denmark 3 7 10 1 Europe and North America
Dominika Dominica 1 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
Republik Dominika Dominican Republic 1 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
Ecuador Ecuador 2 3[note 4] 5 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
Mesir Egypt 1 6 7 Arab States
El Salvador El Salvador 1 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
Eritrea Eritrea 1 1 Africa
Estonia Estonia 2[note 8] 2 1 Europe and North America
Habsyah Ethiopia 1 8 9 Africa
Finland Finland 1[note 17] 6[note 8] 7 2 Europe and North America
Fiji Fiji 1 1 Asia and the Pacific
Perancis France 3 38[note 9][note 3][note 6] 1[note 18] 43 4 Europe and North America
Gabon Gabon 1 1 Africa
Gambia Gambia 2[note 19] 2 1 Africa
Republik Georgia Georgia 3 3 Europe and North America
Jerman Germany 3[note 20][note 1] 40[note 21][note 22][note 23][note 3][note 6] 43 6 Europe and North America
Ghana Ghana 2 2 Africa
Greece Greece 16 2 18 Europe and North America
Guatemala Guatemala 2 1 3 Latin America and the Caribbean
Guinea Guinea 1[note 16] 1 1 Africa
Haiti Haiti 1 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
 Holy See 2[note 24] 2 1 Europe and North America
Honduras Honduras 1 1 2 Latin America and the Caribbean
Hungary Hungary 1[note 25] 7[note 5] 8 2 Europe and North America
Iceland Iceland 1 1 2 Europe and North America
India India 7 29[note 3] 1 37 1 Asia and the Pacific
Indonesia Indonesia 4 4 8 Asia and the Pacific
Iran Iran 1 22 23 Asia and the Pacific
Iraq Iraq 4 1 5 Arab States
Republik Ireland Ireland 2 2 Europe and North America
Israel Israel 9 9 Europe and North America[5]
Itali Italy 5[note 26] 49[note 24][note 27][note 6] 54 6 Europe and North America
Jamaica Jamaica 1 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
Jepun Japan 4 18[note 3] 22 1 Asia and the Pacific
Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan)[note 28][6][7] 1 1 Arab States
Jordan Jordan 4 1 5 Arab States
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 2[note 29] 3[note 14] 5 2 Asia and the Pacific
Kenya Kenya 3 4 7 Africa
Kiribati Kiribati 1 1 Asia and the Pacific
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 1[note 29] 2[note 14] 3 2 Asia and the Pacific
Laos Laos 2 2 Asia and the Pacific
Latvia Latvia 2[note 8] 2 1 Europe and North America
Lubnan Lebanon 5 5 Arab States
Lesotho Lesotho 1[note 30] 1 1 Africa
Libya Libya 5 5 Arab States
Lithuania Lithuania 4[note 8][note 31] 4 2 Europe and North America
Luxembourg Luxembourg 1 1 Europe and North America
Makedonia Utara Macedonia 1 1 Europe and North America
Madagaskar Madagascar 2 1 3 Africa
Malawi Malawi 1 1 2 Africa
Malaysia Malaysia 2 2 4 Asia and the Pacific
Mali Mali 3 1 4 Africa
Malta Malta 3 3 Europe and North America
Kepulauan Marshall Marshall Islands 1 1 Asia and the Pacific
Mauritania Mauritania 1 1 2 Arab States
Mauritius Mauritius 2 2 Africa
Mexico Mexico 6 27 2 35 Latin America and the Caribbean
Moldova Moldova 1[note 8] 1 1 Europe and North America
Persekutuan Mikronesia Micronesia 2 2 Asia and the Pacific
Mongolia Mongolia 1[note 32] 3 4 2 Asia and the Pacific
Montenegro Montenegro 1 3 4 2 Europe and North America
Maghribi Morocco 9 9 Arab States
Mozambique Mozambique 1 1 Africa
Myanmar Myanmar 1 1 Asia and the Pacific
Namibia Namibia 1 1 2 Africa
Nepal Nepal 2 2[note 33] 4 Asia and the Pacific
Belanda Netherlands 1[note 20] 9 10 1 Europe and North America
New Zealand New Zealand 2 1 3 Asia and the Pacific
Nicaragua Nicaragua 2 2 Latin America and the Caribbean
Niger Niger 3[note 10] 1 4 1 Africa
Nigeria Nigeria 2 2 Africa
Norway Norway 1 7[note 8] 8 1 Europe and North America
Oman Oman [note 34] 5 5 Arab States
Pakistan Pakistan 6 6 Asia and the Pacific
Palau Palau 1 1 Asia and the Pacific
Palestin Palestine 2 2 Arab States
Panama Panama 3[note 15] 2 5 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea 1 1 Asia and the Pacific
Paraguay Paraguay 1 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
Peru Peru 2 8[note 4] 2 12 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
Filipina Philippines 3 3 6 Asia and the Pacific
Poland Poland 1[note 7] 14[note 35][note 22][8] 15 3 Europe and North America
Portugal Portugal 1 14[note 36] 15 1 Europe and North America
Qatar Qatar 1 1 Arab States
Korea Selatan Republic of Korea 1 12 13 Asia and the Pacific
Romania Romania 1 6 7 1 Europe and North America
Templat:Country data Russian Federation Russia 11[note 32] 17[note 8][note 31] 28 4 Europe and North America
Saint Kitts dan Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis 1 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia 1 1 Latin America and the Caribbean
San Marino San Marino 1 1 Europe and North America
Arab Saudi Saudi Arabia 5 5 Arab States
Senegal Senegal 2 5[note 19] 7 1 Africa
Serbia Serbia 5[note 11] 5 1 Europe and North America
Seychelles Seychelles 2 2 Africa
Singapura Singapore 1 1 Asia and the Pacific
Slovakia Slovakia 2[note 25][note 1] 5 7 2 Europe and North America
Slovenia Slovenia 1 2[note 37][note 6] 3 3 Europe and North America
Kepulauan Solomon Solomon Islands 1 1 Asia and the Pacific
Afrika Selatan South Africa 3 4 1[note 30] 8 1 Africa
Sepanyol Spain 3 40[note 36][note 37] 2[note 18] 46 4 Europe and North America
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 2 6 8 Asia and the Pacific
Sudan Sudan 1 2 3 Arab States
Suriname Suriname 1 1 2 Latin America and the Caribbean
Sweden Sweden 1[note 17] 13[note 8] 1 15 2 Europe and North America
Switzerland Switzerland 3[note 26] 9[note 27][note 3][note 6] 12 4 Europe and North America
Syria Syria 6 6 Arab States
Tajikistan Tajikistan 1 1 2 Asia and the Pacific
Tanzania Tanzania 3 3 1 7 Africa
Thailand Thailand 2 3 5 Asia and the Pacific
Togo Togo 1 1 Africa
Tunisia Tunisia 1 7 8 Arab States
Turki Turkey 14 2 16 Europe and North America
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 3 3 Asia and the Pacific
Uganda Uganda 2 1 3 Africa
Ukraine Ukraine 1[note 1] 6[note 8][note 35] 7 3 Europe and North America
United Kingdom United Kingdom 4 26[note 21] 1 31 1 Europe and North America
Amerika Syarikat Amerika Syarikat 12[note 13] 10 1 23 2 Europe and North America
Emiriah Arab Bersatu Emiriah Arab Bersatu 1 1 Arab States
Uruguay Uruguay 2 2 Latin America and the Caribbean
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 1[note 29] 4 5 1 Asia and the Pacific
Vanuatu Vanuatu 1 1 Asia and the Pacific
Venezuela Venezuela 1 2 3 Latin America and the Caribbean
Vietnam Vietnam 2 5 1 8 Asia and the Pacific
Yaman Yemen 1 3 4 Arab States
Zambia Zambia 1[note 38] 1 1 Africa
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 2[note 38] 3 5 1 Africa
(kurang Tapak Pelantar Sasaran) 14 18 2 34
Jumlah 206 832 35 1 073 37 167 Negeri Pihak

Negara-negara yang mempunyai tumpuan utama Tapak Warisan Dunia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nota: gambaran ini menyenaraikan hanya negara-negara dengan sepuluh atau lebih atapak Warisan Dunia.

  • Purple: negara dengan 50 atau lebih tapak warisan
  • Brown: negara dengan 40 hingga 49 tapak warisan
  • Light brown: negara dengan 30 hingga 39 tapak warisan
  • Orange: negara dengan 20 hingga 29 tapak warisan
  • Blue: negara dengan 15 hingga 19 tapak warisan
  • Green: negara dengan 10 hingga 14 tapak warisan

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g The natural site Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe is shared between Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Italy, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, and Ukraine.
  2. ^ a b The cultural site Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil) is shared between Argentina and Brazil.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g The cultural site The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement is shared between Argentina, Belgium, France, Germany, India, Japan, and Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f The cultural site Qhapaq Ñan, Andean Road System is shared between Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru.
  5. ^ a b The cultural site Fertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape is shared between Austria and Hungary.
  6. ^ a b c d e f The cultural site Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps is shared between Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Slovenia and Switzerland.
  7. ^ a b The natural site Belovezhskaya Pushcha / Białowieża Forest is shared between Belarus and Poland.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j The cultural site Struve Geodetic Arc is shared among Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Moldova, Russia, Sweden, and Ukraine.
  9. ^ a b The cultural site Belfries of Belgium and France is shared between Belgium and France.
  10. ^ a b c The natural site W-Arly-Pendjari Complex is shared between Benin, Burkina Faso, and Niger.
  11. ^ a b c The cultural site Stecci : Medivial Tombstones is shared between Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia.
  12. ^ a b c The natural site Sangha Trinational is shared between Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo( The Republic of).
  13. ^ a b The natural sites Kluane / Wrangell-St Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek and Waterton Glacier International Peace Park are shared between Canada and the United States.
  14. ^ a b c The cultural site Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor is shared between China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan.
  15. ^ a b The natural site Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park is shared between Costa Rica and Panama.
  16. ^ a b The natural site Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve is shared between Côte d'Ivoire and Guinea.
  17. ^ a b The natural site High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago is shared between Finland and Sweden.
  18. ^ a b The mixed site Pyrénées - Mont Perdu is shared between France and Spain.
  19. ^ a b The cultural site Stone Circles of Senegambia is shared between Gambia and Senegal.
  20. ^ a b The natural site The Wadden Sea is shared between Germany and the Netherlands.
  21. ^ a b The cultural site Frontiers of the Roman Empire is shared between Germany and the United Kingdom.
  22. ^ a b The cultural site Muskauer Park / Park Mużakowski is shared between Germany and Poland.
  23. ^ In addition, the former cultural site Dresden Elbe Valley has been delisted.
  24. ^ a b The cultural site Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura is shared between the Holy See and Italy.
  25. ^ a b The natural site Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst is shared between Hungary and Slovakia.
  26. ^ a b The natural site Monte San Giorgio is shared between Italy and Switzerland.
  27. ^ a b The cultural site Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes is shared between Italy and Switzerland.
  28. ^ "Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls" is listed separately, without State Party, owing to the unresolved nature of its status. For purposes of convenience, it is listed in the "Arab States" UNESCO region, without inference as to it legal or political status therein.
  29. ^ a b c The natural site Western Tien-Shan is shared between Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan.
  30. ^ a b The mixed site Maloti-Drakensberg Park is shared between Lesotho and South Africa.
  31. ^ a b The cultural site Curonian Spit is shared between Lithuania and Russia.
  32. ^ a b The natural site Uvs Nuur Basin is shared between Mongolia and Russia.
  33. ^ Kathmandu Valley has seven groups of monuments & buildings within its boundaries and are listed under one name. The seven groups are: the Durbar Squares of Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhaktapur, Buddhist Stupas of Swayambhunath and Boudhanath, and Hindu Temples of Pashupatinath and Changu Narayan, also there are places like muktinath, budanilkantha which are listed are world heritage site
  34. ^ In addition, the former natural site Arabian Oryx Sanctuary has been delisted.
  35. ^ a b The cultural site Wooden Tserkvas of the Carpathian Region in Poland and Ukraine is shared between Poland and Ukraine.
  36. ^ a b The cultural site Prehistoric Rock-Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde is shared between Portugal and Spain.
  37. ^ a b The cultural site Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija is shared between Slovenia and Spain.
  38. ^ a b The natural site Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls is shared between Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "UNESCO World Heritage Centre - World Heritage List". whc.unesco.org (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai 2018-07-03. 
  2. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Italy - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai 2018-07-02. 
  3. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "China - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai 2018-07-02. 
  4. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "UNESCO World Heritage Centre - World Heritage List (transboundary)". whc.unesco.org (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai 2018-07-03. 
  5. ^ According to UNESCO, Israel is part of Europe and North America Region, http://www.unesco.org/new/en/unesco/worldwide/europe-and-north-america/
  6. ^ "CLT-82/CH/CONF.015/8 - Report of the 1st Extraordinary Session of the Committee". UNESCO. Dicapai 23 October 2013. 
  7. ^ "CC-81/CONF. 008/2 Rev. - Justification for inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger, 1982: Report of the 6th Session of the Committee". UNESCO. Dicapai 23 October 2013. 
  8. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Poland - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org. Dicapai 29 September 2017. 

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]