Wat Chayamangkalaram

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Wat Chayamangkalaram
วัดไชยมังคลาราม
Penang Malaysia Wat-Chaiya-Mangkalaram-Temple-01.jpg
Pemandangan depan kuil
Info asas
LokasiPulau Tikus
Koordinat geografi5°25′54.479″N 100°18′48.276″E / 5.43179972°N 100.31341000°E / 5.43179972; 100.31341000Koordinat: 5°25′54.479″N 100°18′48.276″E / 5.43179972°N 100.31341000°E / 5.43179972; 100.31341000
AgamaBuddhisme
DaerahTimur Laut Pulau Pinang
NegeriPulau Pinang
NegaraMalaysia
Penerangan seni bina
Jenis seni binaKuil Thai
PengasasPhra Phorthan Kuad[1][2]

Wat Chayamangkalaram (Bahasa Thai: วัดไชยมังคลาราม; RTGSWat Chaiyamangkhalaram) (juga dipanggil Kuil Buddha Chayamangkalaram) ialah kuil Thai di subbandar Pulau Tikus, George Town, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. Terletak di Jalan Kelawei, kuil ini terletak berdekatan dengan Kuil Burma Dhammikarama.[4] Ia merupakan kuil Siam Malaysia tertua di negeri itu. Kuil ini menjadi tumpuan utama festival Songkran dan Loi Krathong di bandar dan untuk bandar Hari Wesak setiap tahun.[5][6]

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  1. ^ a b Khoo Salma Nasution (2012). "Exploring Shared History, Preserving Shared Heritage: Penang's Links to a Siamese Past [The Siamese community and Buddhism in Penang]" (PDF). Journal of the Siam Society. Siamese Heritage. 100: 313 [10/15]. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal (PDF) pada 23 March 2019. Dicapai pada 23 March 2019. The site of the Pulau Tikus Siamese Temple, the oldest Siamese temple in Penang, was cleared in 1795 and a Burmese temple was established there since the early nineteenth century. Around 1830, the Siamese and Burmese community totalled 648 out of a population of about forty thousand. In 1845, during the term of W. J. Butterworth as governor of the Straits Settlements, the East India Company made a grant of land to the Burmese and Siamese inhabitants to be jointly held by Nongmay and Boonkhan as representatives of the Burmese community, and Nankayo and Boonsoon as representatives of the Siamese community. The first head priest was Phra Kuad. Inscriptions showed that the building of the temple had been largely due to the philanthropic efforts of Chinese Buddhists. This temple was renamed Wat Chaiya Mangkalaram in 1948, and its famous Reclining Buddha statue was unveiled by the Thai king and queen before a crowd of 5,000 during their official trip to Malaya in 1962.
  2. ^ a b "A Tale of Three Temples – The Temples of Pulau Tikus". Penang Free Sheet. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 23 March 2019. Dicapai pada 23 March 2019. Across the street, closer than a stone's throw away, is the Wat Chayamangkalaram. Much like its Burmese neighbour, the temple is a feast of colours – particularly gold. Queen Victoria first granted the land to the Buddhist community in 1845 to promote trade between the British Empire and Siam. A thing of beauty, if not dominance, the reclining Buddha is the temple's centrepiece and main place of worship. However, as well as serving as a stunning backdrop for people praying and burning incense, it also serves as columbarium. A visitor can walk completely around the statue and, at the back of the statue, can view where the urns of the cremated are housed. One thing to notice when visiting the temple is the offerings made at different shrines. Of note, you can sometimes find a bowl of laksa sitting at the base of a shrine. It is not unusual for offerings of food to appear at Buddhist places of worship, but laksa supposedly has a specific relevance. The first monk in Wat Chaiyamangkalaram was Phorthan Kuat, a Theravada Buddhist monk from Siam also known as the 'Powerful Monk'. It is said that he was very fond of asam laksa and, to this day, the famous local dish is still offered to his shrine by devotees.
  3. ^ "Buddhist temples in Penang". New Straits Times. 24 May 2018. Dicapai pada 24 March 2019 – melalui PressReader.
  4. ^ Joshua Eliot; Jane Bickersteth (2002). Malaysia Handbook: The Travel Guide. Footprint Handbooks. m/s. 160. ISBN 978-1-903471-27-2.
  5. ^ Arnold Loh (14 April 2015). "Water Festival celebrations off to a soaking start at Burmese Buddhist temples". The Star. Dicapai pada 23 March 2019. Revellers at the Water Festival "fired" at visitors with their water guns at the Wat Chayamangkalaram and Dhammakirama Burmese Buddhist temples in Burma Lane, where the three day celebrations began yesterday.
  6. ^ "Five million Malaysians celebrate Songkran and Good Friday". The Sun. 13 April 2017. Dicapai pada 23 March 2019. Hundreds of revellers thronged Wat Chayamangkalaram in Pulau Tikus here to usher in the Thai New Year or more popularly known as Songkran.

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